Missouri Constitution Section

Article I
Section 29
November 14, 2016

Organized labor and collective bargaining.

Section 29. That employees shall have the right to organize and to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing.

Source: Const. of 1945.

(2007) Section applies to public employees as well as private sector employees. Independence-Nat'l Educ. Ass'n v. Independence Sch. Dist., 223 S.W.3d 131 (Mo. banc).

(2012) Section imposes on employers an affirmative duty to bargain collectively and, when necessary, to adopt procedures to participate in that process. Eastern Missouri Coalition of Police, Fraternal Order of Police, Lodge 15, v. City of Chesterfield, 386 S.W.3d 755 (Mo. banc) (overruling Quinn v. Buchanan, 298 S.W.2d 413, Mo. banc 1957).

(2012) Duty to bargain collectively includes affirmative duty to meet and confer and negotiate in good faith. American Fed'n of Teachers v. Ledbetter, 387 S.W.3d 360 (Mo. banc).

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