Chapter 44Civil Defense
(1) "Agency", the state emergency management agency;
(2) "Bioterrorism", the intentional use of any microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of any such microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, to cause death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism in order to influence the conduct of government or to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(3) "Director", the director of the state emergency management agency;
(4) "Disasters", disasters which may result from terrorism, including bioterrorism, or from fire, wind, flood, earthquake, or other natural or man-made causes;
(5) "Economic or geographic area", an area or areas within the state, or partly in this state and adjacent states, comprising political subdivisions grouped together for purposes of administration, organization, control or disaster recovery and rehabilitation in time of emergency;
(6) "Emergency", any state of emergency declared by proclamation by the governor, or by resolution of the legislature pursuant to sections 44.010 to 44.130 upon the actual occurrence of a natural or man-made disaster of major proportions within this state when the safety and welfare of the inhabitants of this state are jeopardized;
(7) "Emergency management", government at all levels performing emergency functions, other than functions for which military forces are primarily responsible;
(8) "Emergency management functions", "emergency management activities" and "emergency management service", those functions required to prepare for and carry out actions to prevent, minimize and repair injury and damage due to disasters, to include emergency management of resources and administration of such economic controls as may be needed to provide for the welfare of the people, either on order of or at the request of the federal government, or in the event the federal government is incapable of administering such control;
(9) "Emergency resources planning and management", planning for, management and coordination of national, state and local resources;
(10) "Executive officer of any political subdivision", the county commission or county supervisor or the mayor or other manager of the executive affairs of any city, town, village or fire protection district;
(11) "Local organization for emergency management", any organization established under this law by any county or by any city, town, or village to perform local emergency management functions;
(12) "Management", the activities of the emergency management director in the implementation of emergency operations plans during time of emergency;
(13) "Planning", activities of the state and local emergency management agency in the formulation of emergency management plans to be used in time of emergency;
(14) "Political subdivision", any county or city, town or village, or any fire district created by law;
(15) "Urban search and rescue task force", any entity whose primary responsibility is to locate, remove, and provide medical care to persons in collapsed buildings.
State emergency management agency created.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.140, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1961 p. 483, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2002 S.B. 712, A.L. 2016 S.B. 732)
44.020. There is hereby created within the department of public safety, the "State Emergency Management Agency", for the general purpose of assisting in coordination of national, state and local activities related to emergency functions by coordinating response, recovery, planning and mitigation. This agency shall also serve as the statewide coordinator for activities associated with the National Flood Insurance Program.
Powers and duties of governor.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.150, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1961 p. 483, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2007 H.B. 579)
Earthquake building and construction ordinances for certain cities and counties, duty of state geologist to notify state emergency management agency, 319.200
44.022. 1. The governor shall have general direction and control of the state emergency management agency, and shall be responsible for the carrying out of the provisions of sections 44.010 to 44.130. In the event of disaster beyond local capabilities, the governor may assume direct operational control over all or any part of these emergency functions within this state through the director.
2. In performing duties pursuant to sections 44.010 to 44.130, the governor is authorized to cooperate with the federal government, other states, and private agencies in all matters pertaining to the emergency functions of this state and the nation.
(1) To make, amend, and rescind the necessary orders, rules, and regulations to carry out the provisions of sections 44.010 to 44.130 within the limits of the authority conferred upon the governor pursuant to the provisions of sections 44.010 to 44.130, with due consideration of the policies and plans of the federal government;
(2) To require and direct the cooperation and assistance of agencies and officials of the state, economic and geographic areas, and local political subdivisions to assist in performance of emergency functions;
(3) On behalf of this state, to enter into mutual aid arrangements with other states, and to coordinate mutual aid plans between political subdivisions, and economic and geographic areas of this state, and of this state and other states;
(5) Unless prohibited by law, any political subdivision may appropriate funds, or contribute services, personnel and facilities to special committees, subcommittees or task groups organized for the economic or geographic area within which it is situated;
(6) To cooperate with the president, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, executive office of the president, other appropriate federal officers and agencies, and the officers and agencies of other states;
(7) To create, establish and appoint such volunteer disaster or state agency committees or both as may be needed to assemble and evaluate information which deals with emergency matters.
Disaster volunteer program established, agency'sduties--expenses--immunity from liability, exception.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 2, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.023. 1. The Missouri state emergency management agency shall establish and administer an emergency volunteer program to be activated in the event of a disaster whereby volunteer architects, engineers licensed under chapter 327, any individual including, but not limited to, building officials and building inspectors employed by local governments, qualified by training and experience, who has been certified by the state emergency management agency, and who performs his or her duties under the direction of an architect or engineer licensed under chapter 327, and construction contractors, equipment dealers and other owners and operators of construction equipment may volunteer the use of their services and equipment, either manned or unmanned, for up to five consecutive days for in-state deployments as requested and needed by the state emergency management agency.
2. In the event of a disaster, the enrolled volunteers shall, where needed, assist local jurisdictions and local building inspectors to provide essential demolition, cleanup or other related services and to determine whether structures affected by a disaster:
(1) Have not sustained serious damage and may be occupied;
(2) Must be restricted in their use pending repairs; or
(3) Are unsafe and shall not be occupied pending repair or demolition.
3. Any person when utilized as a volunteer under the emergency volunteer program shall have his or her incidental expenses paid by the local jurisdiction for which the volunteer service is provided. Enrolled volunteers under the emergency volunteer program shall be provided workers' compensation insurance by the state emergency management agency during their official duties as authorized by the state emergency management agency.
4. Emergency volunteers who are certified by the state emergency management agency shall be considered employees of the state for purposes of the emergency mutual aid compact under section 44.415 and shall be eligible for out-of-state deployments in accordance with such section.
5. Architects, engineers, individuals including, but not limited to, building officials and building inspectors employed by local governments, qualified by training and experience, who have been certified by the state emergency management agency, and who perform their duties under the direction of an architect or engineer licensed under chapter 327, construction contractors, equipment dealers and other owners and operators of construction equipment and the companies with which they are employed, working under the emergency volunteer program, shall not be personally liable either jointly or separately for any act or acts committed in the performance of their official duties as emergency volunteers except in the case of willful misconduct or gross negligence.
6. Any individuals, employers, partnerships, corporations or proprietorships, that are working under the emergency volunteer program providing demolition, cleanup, removal or other related services, shall not be liable for any acts committed in the performance of their official duties as emergency volunteers except in the case of willful misconduct or gross negligence.
Public safety director to head emergency management agency.
(L. 1991 S.B. 265 § l, A.L. 2002 S.B. 712, A.L. 2016 S.B. 732)
44.024. The director of the department of public safety shall be the executive head of the office of the state emergency management agency and shall appoint a director of the state emergency management agency to manage the day-to-day operations of the office.
State may accept federal goods and services on behalf of itself andits subdivisions.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 3, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2007 H.B. 579)
44.028. Whenever the federal government or officer or agency thereof shall offer to the state, or through the state to any political subdivision thereof, services, equipment, supplies, materials or funds by way of gift, grant or loan, for the purpose of emergency management, the state acting through the agency, or the political subdivision, through its executive officer with the consent of the governor, may accept the offer and may receive these services, equipment, supplies, materials or funds on behalf of the state or the political subdivision subject to the terms of the offer.
Emergency powers of governor, uses--Missouri disaster fund, funding,expenditures, procedures, purposes--aid to politicalsubdivisions, when, procedure--expenditures in excess of $1,000,governor to approve.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 5, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.032. 1. The general assembly recognizes the necessity for anticipating and making advance provisions to care for the unusual and extraordinary burdens imposed on this state and its political subdivisions by disasters or emergencies. To meet such situations, it is the intention of the general assembly to confer emergency powers on the governor, acting through the director, and vesting the governor with adequate power and authority within the limitation of available funds in the Missouri disaster fund to meet any such emergency or disaster.
2. There is hereby established a fund to be known as the "Missouri Disaster Fund", to which the general assembly may appropriate funds and from which funds may be appropriated annually to the state emergency management agency. The funds appropriated shall be expended during a state emergency at the direction of the governor and upon the issuance of an emergency declaration which shall set forth the emergency and shall state that it requires the expenditure of public funds to furnish immediate aid and relief. The director of the state emergency management agency shall administer the fund.
3. Expenditures may be made upon direction of the governor for emergency management, as defined in section 44.010, or to implement the state disaster plans. Expenditures may also be made to meet the matching requirements of state and federal agencies for any applicable assistance programs.
4. Assistance may be provided from the Missouri disaster fund to political subdivisions of this state which have suffered from a disaster to such an extent as to impose a severe financial burden exceeding the ordinary reserve capacity of the subdivision affected. Applications for aid under this section shall be made to the state emergency management agency on such forms as may be prescribed and furnished by the agency, which forms shall require the furnishing of sufficient information to determine eligibility for aid and the extent of the financial burden incurred. The agency may call upon other agencies of the state in evaluating such applications. The director of the state emergency management agency shall review each application for aid under the provisions of this section and recommend its approval or disapproval, in whole or in part, to the governor. If approved, the governor shall determine and certify to the director of the state emergency management agency the amount of aid to be furnished. The director of the state emergency management agency shall thereupon issue his voucher to the commissioner of administration, who shall issue his warrants therefor to the applicant.
5. When a disaster or emergency has been proclaimed by the governor or there is a national emergency, the director of the state emergency management agency, upon order of the governor, shall have authority to expend funds for the following:
(2) Employing, for the duration of the response and recovery to emergency, additional personnel and contracting or otherwise procuring necessary appliances, supplies, equipment, and transport;
(3) Performing services for and furnishing materials and supplies to state government agencies, counties, and municipalities with respect to performance of any duties enjoined by law upon such agencies, counties, and municipalities which they are unable to perform because of extreme natural or man-made phenomena, and receiving reimbursement in whole or in part from such agencies, counties, and municipalities able to pay therefor under such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon by the director of the state emergency management agency and any such agency, county, or municipality;
(4) Performing services for and furnishing materials to any individual in connection with alleviating hardship and distress growing out of extreme natural or man-made phenomena, and receiving reimbursement in whole or in part from such individual under such terms as may be agreed upon by the director of the state emergency management agency and such individual;
(5) Providing services to counties and municipalities with respect to quelling riots and civil disturbances;
(6) Repairing and restoring public infrastructure;
(7) Furnishing transportation for supplies to alleviate suffering and distress;
(8) Furnishing medical services and supplies to prevent the spread of disease and epidemics;
(9) Quelling riots and civil disturbances;
(10) Training individuals or governmental agencies for the purpose of perfecting the performance of emergency assistance duties as defined in the state disaster plans;
(11) Procurement, storage, and transport of special emergency supplies or equipment determined by the director to be necessary to provide rapid response by state government to assist counties and municipalities in impending or actual emergencies;
(12) Clearing or removing from publicly or privately owned land or water, debris and wreckage which may threaten public health or safety;
(13) Reimbursement to any urban search and rescue task force for any reasonable and necessary expenditures incurred in the course of responding to any declared emergency under this section; and
(14) Such other measures as are customarily necessary to furnish adequate relief in cases of catastrophe or disaster.
6. The governor may receive such voluntary contributions as may be made from any source to aid in carrying out the purposes of this section and shall credit the same to the Missouri disaster fund.
7. All obligations and expenses incurred by the governor in the exercise of the powers and duties vested by the provisions of this section shall be paid by the state treasurer out of available funds in the Missouri disaster fund, and the commissioner of administration shall draw warrants upon the state treasurer for the payment of such sum, or so much thereof as may be required, upon receipt of proper vouchers provided by the director of the state emergency management agency.
8. The provisions of this section shall be liberally construed in order to accomplish the purposes of sections 44.010 to 44.130 and to permit the governor to cope adequately with any emergency which may arise, and the powers vested in the governor by this section shall be construed as being in addition to all other powers presently vested in the governor and not in derogation of any existing powers.
9. Such funds as may be made available by the government of the United States for the purpose of alleviating distress from disasters may be accepted by the state treasurer and shall be credited to the Missouri disaster fund, unless otherwise specifically provided in the act of Congress making such funds available.
10. The foregoing provisions of this section notwithstanding, any expenditure or proposed series of expenditures which total in excess of one thousand dollars per project shall be approved by the governor prior to the expenditure.
Persons with health-related ailments, voluntary county registry fordisasters or emergencies.
(L. 1985 H.B. 355 § 44.030, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2016 S.B. 732)
44.035. Any county may create a voluntary registry of persons with health-related ailments to assist individuals in case of a disaster or emergency. No name, address, or any other personal identifying information used in such a voluntary registry shall be deemed a public record under chapter 610. If a disaster or emergency occurs that involves any person listed on the registry, an incident report as defined in section* 610.100 shall be made public.
Health care professionals may be deployed during a state ofemergency--immunity from liability, when--release of certainconfidential information permitted, when.
(L. 2014 H.B. 1426 merged with S.B. 767)
*Word "chapter" appears here in H.B. 1426, 2014.
44.045. 1. Subject to approval by the state emergency management agency during an emergency declared by the governor, any health care provider licensed, registered, or certified in this state or any state who agrees to be so deployed as provided in this section may be deployed to provide care as necessitated by the emergency, including care necessitated by mutual aid agreements between political subdivisions and other public and private entities under section 44.090. During an emergency declared by the governor, health care providers deployed by the governor or any state agency shall not be liable for any civil damages or administrative sanctions for any failure, in the delivery of health care necessitated by the emergency during deployment, to exercise the skill and learning of an ordinarily careful health care provider in similar circumstances, but shall be liable for damages due to willful and wanton acts or omissions in rendering such care.
2. In a declared state of emergency, the department of health and senior services and the division of professional registration within the department of insurance, financial institutions and professional registration may release otherwise confidential contact and licensure, registration, or certification information relating to health care professionals to state, local, and private agencies to facilitate deployment.
All political subdivisions shall establish a local emergencymanagement organization.
(L. 2005 H.B. 58 and S.B. 420 & 344, A.L. 2007 H.B. 579)
44.080. 1. Each political subdivision of this state shall establish a local organization for disaster planning in accordance with the state emergency operations plan and program. The executive officer of the political subdivision shall appoint a coordinator who shall have direct responsibility for the organization, administration and operation of the local emergency management operations, subject to the direction and control of the executive officer or governing body. Each local organization for emergency management shall be responsible for the performance of emergency management functions within the territorial limits of its political subdivision, and may conduct these functions outside of the territorial limits as may be required pursuant to the provisions of this law.
2. In carrying out the provisions of this law, each political subdivision may:
(1) Appropriate and expend funds, make contracts, obtain and distribute equipment, materials, and supplies for emergency management purposes; provide for the health and safety of persons; the safety of property; and direct and coordinate the development of disaster plans and programs in accordance with the policies and plans of the federal and state governments; and
(2) Appoint, provide, or remove rescue teams, auxiliary fire and police personnel and other emergency operations teams, units or personnel who may serve without compensation.
Mutual-aid agreements--participation in statewide mutual aidsystem--reimbursement for services provided, benefits.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.210, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1961 p. 463, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.090. 1. The executive officer of any political subdivision or public safety agency may enter into mutual-aid arrangements or agreements with other public and private agencies within and without the state for reciprocal emergency aid. Such arrangements or agreements shall be consistent with the state disaster plan and program and the provisions of section 70.837 and section 320.090. In time of emergency it shall be the duty of each local organization for emergency management to render assistance in accordance with the provisions of such mutual-aid arrangements or agreements.
2. Any contracts that are agreed upon may provide for compensation from the parties and other terms that are agreeable to the parties and may be for an indefinite period as long as they include a sixty-day cancellation notice provision by either party. The contracts agreed upon may not be entered into for the purpose of reduction of staffing by either party.
3. At the time of significant emergency such as fire, earthquake, flood, tornado, hazardous material incident, terrorist incident, or other such man-made or natural emergency disaster or public safety need anywhere within the state or bordering states, the highest ranking official of any political subdivision or public safety agency or their designee may render aid to or request aid from any jurisdiction, agency, or organization even without written agreement, as long as he or she is in accordance with the policies and procedures set forth by the governing boards of those jurisdictions, agencies, or organizations. A public safety need, as used in this section, shall include any event or incident necessitating mutual-aid assistance from another public safety agency.
4. When responding to mutual aid or emergency aid requests, political subdivisions or public safety agencies shall be subject to all provisions of law as if it were providing service within its own jurisdiction.
5. All political subdivisions and public safety agencies within the state are, upon enactment of this legislation or execution of an agreement, automatically a part of the Missouri statewide mutual aid system. A political subdivision within the state may elect not to participate in the statewide mutual aid system upon enacting an appropriate resolution by its governing body declaring that it elects not to participate in the statewide mutual aid system and by providing a copy of the resolution to the director of the department of public safety or his or her designee.
6. The Missouri mutual aid system shall be administered by the department of public safety, which may authorize any organization to assist in the administration of the mutual aid system. The department of public safety may promulgate rules for this section. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly under chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2009, shall be invalid and void.
7. For the purpose of this section, public safety agencies shall include, but shall not be limited to, fire service organizations, law enforcement agencies, emergency medical service organizations, public health and medical personnel, emergency management officials, infrastructure departments, public works agencies, and those other agencies, organizations, departments, and specialized emergency response teams that have personnel with special skills or training that are needed to provide services during an emergency, public safety need, or disaster, declared or undeclared.
8. It shall be the responsibility of each political subdivision and public safety agency to adopt and put into practice the National Incident Management System promulgated by the United States Department of Homeland Security.
9. In the event of a disaster or other public safety need that is beyond the capability of local political subdivisions, the local governing authority or public safety agency having jurisdiction may request assistance under this section.
10. Any entity or individual that holds a license, certificate, or other permit issued by a participating political subdivision, public safety agency, or state shall be deemed licensed, certified, or permitted in the requesting political subdivision or public safety agency's jurisdiction for the duration of the emergency or authorized drill.
11. Reimbursement for services rendered under this section shall be in accordance with any local, state and federal guidelines. Any political subdivision or public safety agency providing assistance shall receive appropriate reimbursement according to those guidelines.
12. Applicable benefits normally available to personnel while performing duties for their jurisdiction are also available to such persons when an injury or death occurs when rendering assistance to another political subdivision or public safety agency under this section. Responders shall be eligible for the same state and federal benefits that may be available to them for line-of-duty deaths or injuries, if such services are otherwise provided for within their jurisdiction.
13. For the purposes of liability, all members of any political subdivision or public safety agency responding under operational control of the requesting political subdivision or a public safety agency are deemed employees of such responding political subdivision or public safety agency and are subject to the liability and workers' compensation provisions provided to them as employees of their respective political subdivision or public safety agency.
Mutual aid agreement with Kansas--definitions--requests forassistance--immunity--certification by director, notice torevisor of statutes.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.220, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2003 H.B. 307, A.L. 2005 H.B. 58 merged with S.B. 210, A.L. 2009 H.B. 103)
44.095. 1. As used in this section, the following terms mean:
(1) "Critical incident", an incident that could result in serious physical injury or loss of life;
(2) "Kansas border counties", the counties of Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte;
(3) "Law enforcement mutual aid region", the nine counties of the Kansas City Metropolitan area as identified by the Mid-America Regional Council (MARC). Those counties include Kansas border counties and Missouri border counties as defined in this section;
(4) "Missouri border counties", the counties of Platte, Clay, Ray, Jackson and Cass.
2. All law enforcement officers in the law enforcement mutual aid region shall be permitted in critical incidents to respond to lawful requests for aid in any other jurisdiction in the law enforcement mutual aid region.
3. The on-scene incident commander as defined by the National Incident Management System shall have the authority to make a request for assistance in a critical incident and shall be responsible for on-scene management until command authority is transferred to another person.
4. In the event that an officer makes an arrest or apprehension outside his or her home state, the offender shall be delivered to the first officer who is commissioned in the jurisdiction in which the arrest was made.
5. For the purposes of liability, all members of any political subdivision or public safety agency responding under operational control of the requesting political subdivision or public safety agency are deemed employees of such responding political subdivision or public safety agency and are subject to the liability and workers' compensation provisions provided to them as employees of their respective political subdivision or public safety agency. Qualified immunity, sovereign immunity, official immunity, and the public duty rule shall apply to the provisions of this section as interpreted by the federal and state courts of the responding agency.
*6. If the director of the Missouri department of public safety determines that the state of Kansas has enacted legislation or the governor of Kansas has issued an executive order or similar action that permits Kansas border counties to enter into a similar mutual-aid agreement as described under this section, then the director shall execute and deliver to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the president pro tempore of the senate a written certification of such determination. Upon the execution and delivery of such written certification and the parties receiving such certification providing a unanimous written affirmation, the provisions of this section shall be effective unless otherwise provided by law.
7. The director of the Missouri department of public safety shall notify the revisor of statutes of any changes that would render the provisions of this section effective.
Emergency powers of governor.
(L. 2014 S.B. 852)
*Revisor's Note: On June 27, 2016, a written certification was executed by the Director of the Department of Public Safety certifying that the State of Kansas enacted H.B. 2549, effective April 7, 2016, which permits Kansas border counties to enter into Mutual Aid Agreements similar to the ones specified in this section. Written affirmation of the Director's written certification was provided by the Governor (10/20/16), Speaker of the House of Representatives (8/31/16), and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate (7/19/16).
44.100. 1. The emergency powers of the governor shall be as follows:
(1) The provisions of this section shall be operative only during the existence of a state of emergency (referred to in this section as "emergency"). The existence of an emergency may be proclaimed by the governor or by resolution of the legislature, if the governor in his proclamation, or the legislature in its resolution, finds that a natural or man-made disaster of major proportions has actually occurred within this state, and that the safety and welfare of the inhabitants of this state require an invocation of the provisions of this section;
(2) Any emergency, whether proclaimed by the governor or by the legislature, shall terminate upon the proclamation thereof by the governor, or the passage by the legislature, of a resolution terminating such emergency;
(3) During the period that the state of emergency exists or continues, the governor shall:
(a) Enforce and put into operation all plans, rules and regulations relating to disasters and emergency management of resources adopted under this law and to assume direct operational control of all emergency forces and volunteers in the state;
(b) Take action and give directions to state and local law enforcement officers and agencies as may be reasonable and necessary for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of this law and with the orders, rules and regulations made pursuant thereof;
(c) Seize, take or requisition to the extent necessary to bring about the most effective protection of the public:
a. Any means of transportation, other than railroads and railroad equipment and fuel, and all fuel necessary for the propulsion thereof;
b. Any communication system or part thereof necessary to the prompt and efficient functioning of the emergency management of the state;
c. All stocks of fuel;
d. Facilities for housing, feeding and hospitalization of persons, including buildings and plants;
(d) Control, restrict and regulate by rationing, freezing, use of quotas, prohibitions on shipments, price fixing, allocation or other means the use, sale or distribution of food, feed, fuel, clothing and other commodities, materials, goods or services;
(e) Prescribe and direct activities in connection with but not limited to use, conservation, salvage and prevention of waste of materials, services and facilities, including production, transportation, power and communication facilities, training and supply of labor, utilization of industrial plants, health and medical care, nutrition, housing, including the use of existing and private facilities, rehabilitation, education, welfare, child care, recreation, consumer protection and other essential civil needs;
(f) Use or distribute all or any of this property among the inhabitants of the state in any area adversely affected by a natural or man-made disaster and to account to the state treasurer for any funds received thereof;
(g) Waive or suspend the operation of any statutory requirement or administrative rule regarding the licensing, certification or issuance of permits evidencing professional, mechanical or other skills;
(h) Waive or suspend the operation of any statutory requirement or administrative rule prescribing procedures for conducting state business, where strict compliance with such requirements and rules would prevent, hinder, or delay necessary action by the department of health and senior services to respond to a declared emergency or increased health threat to the population;
(i) In accordance with rules or regulations, provide that all law enforcement authorities and other emergency response workers and agencies of other states who may be within this state at the request of the governor or pursuant to state or local mutual-aid agreements or compacts shall have the same authority and possess the same powers, duties, rights, privileges and immunities as are possessed by like law enforcement authorities and emergency response workers and agencies of this state;
(j) Perform and exercise such other functions, powers and duties as may be necessary to promote and secure the safety and protection of the civilian population;
(k) Authorize the director of finance and the director of credit unions to waive or suspend the operation of any statutory requirement or administrative rule applicable to the division of finance, banking, financial services, or the division of credit unions and take action and give direction to banks, credit unions, and financial institutions, including coordinating actions with emergency responders, federal agencies, and state banking and credit union associations as may be reasonable and necessary to preserve the safety and soundness of banks, credit unions, and financial institutions; and facilitate disaster response and recovery efforts to serve essential civil needs and protect the public interest.
2. When any property is seized, taken or requisitioned under this section, the circuit court of the county in which the property was taken may on the application of the owner thereof or on the application of the governor in cases where numerous claims may be filed, appoint three disinterested commissioners in the manner provided by section 523.040 to assess the damages which the owners may have sustained by reason of the appropriation thereof. Upon the application the amount due because of the seizure of property shall be determined in the manner provided in chapter 523 for the determination of damages in case of the exercise of the power of eminent domain.
Firearms and ammunition, state of emergency, no restrictionspermitted.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.230, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1961 p. 483, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743, A.L. 2007 H.B. 579, A.L. 2008 S.B. 951)
44.101. The state, any political subdivision, or any person shall not prohibit or restrict the lawful possession, transfer, sale, transportation, storage, display, or use of firearms or ammunition during an emergency.
Governor-declared state of emergency, suspension of certain state lawprovisions, when--volunteers, responsibilities of--staffingauthority of the department.
(L. 2007 S.B. 257)
44.105. 1. In a governor-declared state of emergency, the department of health and senior services may suspend any provision of chapters 195 and 334 pertaining to dispensing medications. Persons who dispense medications under this section shall be trained by the department of health and senior services and shall dispense medications under the supervision of a licensed health care provider according to the department's strategic national stockpile plan.
2. The department may develop effective citizen involvement to recruit, train, and accept the services of volunteers to supplement the programs administered by the department in dispensing medications to the population in the event of an emergency.
3. Volunteers recruited, trained, and accepted by the department shall comply with the department's strategic national stockpile plan in dispensing medications.
4. The department may:
(1) Provide staff as deemed necessary for the effective management and development of volunteer dispensing sites deployed in response to a governor-declared emergency;
(2) Provide or assure access to professional staff as deemed necessary for the effective training and oversight of volunteers;
(3) Develop and provide to all volunteers written rules governing the job descriptions, recruitment, screening, training responsibility, utilization, and supervision of volunteers; and
(4) Educate volunteers to ensure that they understand their duties and responsibilities.
5. Non-health care professional volunteers, whose liability is not otherwise protected by section 44.045 shall be deemed unpaid employees and shall be accorded the protection of the legal expense fund and other provisions of section 105.711.
6. As used in this section, "volunteer" means any person who, of his or her own free will, performs any assigned duties for the department of health and senior services with no monetary or material compensation.
Cooperation of existing state agencies and political subdivisions inemergency--suspension of activities and functions of state agenciesand political subdivisions may be ordered.
(L. 2007 H.B. 579)
44.110. 1. In carrying out the emergency powers pursuant to the provisions of sections 44.010 to 44.130, the governor and the executive officers or governing bodies of the political subdivisions of the state are directed to utilize the services, equipment, supplies and facilities of existing departments, offices, and agencies of the state and political subdivisions thereof to the maximum extent practicable, and the officers and personnel of all departments, offices, and agencies are directed to cooperate with and extend these services and facilities to the governor and to the disaster organizations of the state upon request.
2. In any emergency, be it due to natural or man-made disaster, the governor may order the suspension, in whole or in part, of the activities, functions and duties of any administrative agency, officer or employee of the state or of any political subdivision thereof and may direct the personnel of any agency and any officer and employee of the state or any political subdivision thereof to render services and to provide facilities as may be needed for the carrying out of emergency management functions within or without this state. In the event of any such order, any law requiring specific performance of civil duties by any officer or employee shall be suspended as long as the officer or employee is engaged in emergency management functions.
Rules of governor to govern all organizations established undersections 44.010 to 44.130--each organization to have copy of allrules and regulations.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.240, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607, A.L. 1967 p. 122, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.112. It shall be the duty of every organization established pursuant to sections 44.010 to 44.130 and of the officers thereof to execute and enforce such orders, rules and regulations as may be made by the governor pursuant to the authority of sections 44.010 to 44.130. Each organization shall have available for inspection at its office all orders, rules and regulations made by the governor, or pursuant to such authority.
Political activity by emergency management organizations prohibited.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 7, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.113. No organization for emergency management established pursuant to sections 44.010 to 44.130 shall participate in any form of political activity, nor shall it be used directly or indirectly for political purposes.
Local licensing or registration ordinances, prohibition on impositionof restrictions or enforcement on insurer's claims handlingoperations, when.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 6, A.L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.114. Except as otherwise provided in this section, at the time of any emergency, catastrophe or other life- or property-threatening event which jeopardizes the ability of an insurer to address the financial needs of its insureds or the public, no political subdivision shall impose restrictions or enforce local licensing or registration ordinances with respect to such insurer's claims handling operations. As used in this section, the term "claims handling operations" includes but is not limited to the establishment of a base of operations by an insurer within the disaster area and the investigation and handling of claims by personnel authorized by any such insurer. Nothing herein shall prohibit a political subdivision from performing any safety inspection authorized by local ordinance of the premises of the insurer's base of operations within the disaster area.
Persons employed by or associated with civil defenseagencies--qualifications--oath required.
(L. 2011 S.B. 132)
44.115. No person shall be employed or associated in any capacity in any organization established under sections 44.010 to 44.130 who advocates or has advocated a change by force or violence in the constitutional form of the government of the United States or in this state or the overthrow of any government in the United States by force or violence, or has been convicted of or is under indictment or information charging any subversive act against the United States. Each person who is appointed to serve in an organization for civil defense shall, before entering upon his duties, take an oath, in writing, before a person authorized to administer oaths in this state, which oath shall be substantially as follows:
"I ,. . . . . . . . . , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the state of Missouri, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter. And I do further swear (or affirm) that I do not advocate, nor am I a member of any political party or organization that advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States or of this state by force or violence; and that during such a time as I am a member of the (name of disaster or emergency organization), I will not advocate nor become a member of any political party or organization that advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States or of this state by force or violence."
Expenses, how paid.
(L. 1967 p. 122 § 8, A.L. 1971 S.B. 170)
44.120. All expenses, salaries and other payments authorized by this law, and chargeable to the state, including any payments required by any compacts or agreements made hereunder, shall be paid out of the general revenues from the state treasury.
Agency to work with volunteers.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.250, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607)
44.125. 1. The agency may develop effective citizen involvement to recruit, train and accept the services of volunteers to supplement the programs administered by the agency.
2. Volunteers recruited, trained or accepted by the agency shall comply with applicable agency policy regulations.
3. The agency shall:
(1) Provide staff as deemed necessary for the effective management and development of volunteer programs;
(2) Take such actions as are necessary and appropriate to develop meaningful opportunities for citizen involvement in agency-administered programs;
(3) Develop and provide to all volunteers written rules governing the job descriptions, recruitment, screening, training responsibility, utilization and supervision of volunteers;
(4) Educate volunteers to ensure that they understand their duties and responsibilities;
(5) Provide a receptive environment for citizen involvement; and
(6) Provide for the recognition of volunteers who have offered exceptional service to the agency.
4. Volunteers shall be deemed unpaid employees and shall be accorded the protection of the legal expense fund and other provisions of section 105.711.
5. Reimbursement for transportation and other necessary expenses may be furnished to those volunteers whose presence on special assignment is determined to be necessary by the agency. Such expenses shall be reimbursed from the regular appropriations of the agency. Volunteers may use state vehicles in the performance of agency-related duties, subject to those rules and regulations governing use of state vehicles by paid staff.
6. As used in this section, "volunteer" means any person who, of his or her own free will, performs any assigned duties for the agency with no monetary or material compensation.
7. Any person serving as a volunteer may be terminated from service in that capacity by the director.
Regulations to be filed with secretary of state--violations--penalty.
(L. 1998 S.B. 743)
44.130. 1. Every plan, rule and regulation adopted by the governor under the provisions of this law and every amendment thereof shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state.
2. Any person violating any rule or regulation adopted under this law after it has become effective during an emergency or any person or officer violating any provision of this law shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.
Citation of law--short title.
(L. 1951 p. 536 § 26.260, Reenacted L. 1953 p. 553, Reenacted L. 1955 p. 607)
Commission on seismic safety created--members,qualifications--officers--quorum--terms--removal fromoffice--vacancies--expenses--staff.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 1)
44.227. 1. There is hereby created a "Seismic Safety Commission", which shall be domiciled in the department of public safety.
2. The commission shall consist of seventeen members, one who shall be a member of the senate appointed by the president pro tem of the senate, one who shall be a member of the house of representatives appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives, and fifteen members appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, with no more than two from any one of the following professional areas: architecture, planning, fire protection, public utilities, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, structural engineering, soils engineering, geology, seismology, local government, insurance, business, the American Red Cross, public education and emergency management.
3. Commission members shall elect annually from its membership a chairman and vice chairman. A quorum shall consist of a majority of appointed members, but not less than seven members, and may be met by electronic attendance and nonvoting participation of the staff of the legislative members of the commission. All commission members shall be residents of the state of Missouri and shall have reasonable knowledge of issues relating to earthquakes.
4. The term of office for each member of the commission appointed by the governor shall be four years, except that of the initial appointments, seven members shall be appointed for a term of two years and eight members shall be appointed for a term of four years. Any member may be removed from office by the governor without cause. Before the expiration of the term of a member appointed by the governor, the governor shall appoint a successor whose term begins on July first next following. A member is eligible for reappointment. If there is a vacancy for any cause, the governor shall make an appointment to become effective immediately for the unexpired term.
5. Each member of the commission shall serve without compensation but shall receive fifty dollars for each day devoted to the affairs of the commission, plus actual and necessary expenses incurred in the discharge of his official duties.
6. The office of emergency management in the department of public safety shall provide to the commission all technical, clerical and other necessary support services.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 2, A.L. 1995 S.B. 63, A.L. 2009 H.B. 485)
44.229. The commission shall have the authority to:
(1) Accept grants, contributions and appropriations from public agencies, private foundations or individuals;
(2) Appoint committees from its membership, appoint advisory committees from interested public and private groups, and appoint ex officio members who shall not be entitled to vote, to advise the commission;
(3) Contract for or employ, subject to appropriations made for that purpose, any professional and research services required by the commission or required for the performance of necessary work and services which, in the commission's opinion, cannot satisfactorily be performed by its officers and employees or by other federal, state or local governmental agencies;
(4) Enter into agreements to act cooperatively with private nonprofit scientific, educational or professional associations or foundations engaged in promoting seismic safety in Missouri; and
(5) Do any and all other things necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 44.225 to 44.237.
Program to prepare state for responding to a major earthquake,commission's duty to establish.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 3)
44.231. The commission shall initiate, with the assistance and participation of other state, federal and local government agencies, a comprehensive program to prepare the state for responding to a major earthquake. The program shall be implemented in order to result in specific tools or products to be used by governments in responding to an earthquake, such as educational materials for citizens. This program may be implemented on a prototypical basis in one area of the state affected by earthquake predictions, provided that it is useful for application in other areas of the state upon its completion.
Duties of commission.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 4)
44.233. The commission is responsible for all of the following in connection with earthquake hazard mitigation:
(1) Setting goals and priorities in the public and private sectors;
(2) Requesting appropriate state agencies to devise criteria to promote earthquake and disaster safety;
(3) Scheduling a report on disaster mitigation issues from the state emergency management agency, on the commission agenda as required. For the proposes of this subdivision, the term "disaster" refers to all natural hazards which could have impact on public safety;
(4) Recommending program changes to state agencies, local agencies and the private sector where such changes would improve earthquake hazards and reduction;
(5) Reviewing the recovery and reconstruction efforts after damaging earthquakes;
(6) Gathering, analyzing and disseminating information;
(7) Encouraging research;
(8) Sponsoring training to help improve the competence of specialized enforcement and other technical personnel;
(9) Helping to coordinate the earthquake safety activities of government at all levels;
(10) Establishing and maintaining necessary working relationships with any boards, commissions, departments and agencies or other public or private organizations.
Review and advisory powers of commission.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 5)
44.235. To implement its responsibilities, the commission may:
(1) Review state budgets and review grant proposals, other than those grant proposals submitted by institutions of postsecondary education to the federal government, for earthquake related activities and to advise the governor and the general assembly thereon;
(2) Review legislation programs relating to earthquake safety, to advise the governor and general assembly concerning the proposals and to propose needed legislation;
(3) Recommend the addition, deletion or changing of state agency standards when, in the commission's view, the existing situation creates undue hazards or when new developments would promote earthquake hazard mitigation, and conduct public hearings as deemed necessary on the subjects;
(4) In addition, the commission may perform any of the functions contained in subdivisions (1) to (3) of this section, inclusive, in relation to other natural disasters.
Emergency mutual aid compact.
(L. 1993 S.B. 142 § 6)
44.415. 1. This shall be known and may be cited as the "Emergency Mutual Aid Compact".
2. The emergency mutual aid compact is hereby enacted into law and entered into with all other states which adopt the compact in a form substantially as follows: EMERGENCY MUTUAL AID COMPACT ARTICLE I - PURPOSE AND AUTHORITIES
This compact is made and entered into by and between the participating member states which enact this compact, hereinafter called party states. For the purposes of this agreement, the term "state" is taken to mean the several states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territorial possessions.
The purpose of this compact is to provide for mutual assistance between the states entering into this compact in managing any emergency or disaster that is duly declared by the governor of the affected state(s), whether arising from natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, civil emergency aspects of resources shortages, community disorders, insurgency, or enemy attack.
This compact shall also provide for mutual cooperation in emergency-related exercises, testing, or other training activities using equipment and personnel simulating performance of any aspect of the giving and receiving of aid by party states or subdivisions of party states during emergencies, such actions occurring outside actual declared emergency periods. Mutual assistance in this compact may include the use of the states' National Guard forces, either in accordance with the National Guard Mutual Assistance Compact or by mutual agreement between states. ARTICLE II - GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION
Each party state entering into this compact recognizes many emergencies transcend political jurisdictional boundaries and that intergovernmental coordination is essential in managing these and other emergencies under this compact. Each state further recognizes that there will be emergencies which require immediate access and present procedures to apply outside resources to make a prompt and effective response to such an emergency. This is because few, if any, individual states have all the resources they may need in all types of emergencies or the capability of delivering resources to areas where emergencies exist.
The prompt, full, and effective utilization of resources of the participating states, including any resources on hand or available from the Federal Government or any other source, that are essential to the safety, care, and welfare of the people in the event of any emergency or disaster declared by a party state, shall be the underlying principle on which all articles of this compact shall be understood.
On behalf of the governor of each state participating in the compact, the legally designated state official who is assigned responsibility for emergency management will be responsible for formulation of the appropriate interstate mutual aid plans and procedures necessary to implement this compact. Such plans and any revision thereto shall not become effective unless submitted to and approved by the general assembly by concurrent resolution; except that if the general assembly is not in session, such plans or revisions thereto shall take effect but shall terminate if the general assembly does not approve of the plan or revision within thirty calendar days after the general assembly has convened in regular or special session. ARTICLE III - PARTY STATE RESPONSIBILITIES
A. It shall be the responsibility of each party state to formulate procedural plans and programs for interstate cooperation in the performance of the responsibilities listed in this article. In formulating such plans, and in carrying them out, the party states, insofar as practical, shall:
i. Review individual state hazards analyses and, to the extent reasonably possible, determine all those potential emergencies the party states might jointly suffer, whether due to natural disaster, technological hazard, man-made disaster, emergency aspects of resource shortages, civil disorders, insurgency, or enemy attack.
ii. Review party states' individual emergency plans and develop a plan which will determine the mechanism for the interstate management and provision of assistance concerning any potential emergency.
iii. Develop interstate procedures to fill any identified gaps and to resolve any identified inconsistencies or overlaps in existing or developed plans.
iv. Assist in warning communities adjacent to or crossing the state boundaries.
v. Protect and assure uninterrupted delivery of services, medicines, water, food, energy and fuel, search and rescue, and critical lifeline equipment, services, and resources, both human and material.
vi. Inventory and set procedures for the interstate loan and delivery of human and material resources, together with procedures for reimbursement or forgiveness.
vii. Provide, to the extent authorized by law, for temporary suspension of any statutes or ordinances that restrict the implementation of the responsibilities of this compact*.
B. The authorized representative of a party state may request assistance of another party state by contacting the authorized representative of that state. The provisions of this agreement shall only apply to requests for assistance made by and to authorized representatives. Requests may be verbal or in writing. If verbal, the request shall be confirmed in writing within 30 days of the verbal request. Requests shall provide the following information:
i. A description of the emergency service function for which assistance is needed, such as but not limited to fire services, law enforcement, emergency medical, transportation, communications, public works and engineering, building inspection, planning and information assistance, mass care, resource support, health and medical services, and search and rescue.
ii. The amount and type of personnel, equipment, materials and supplies needed, and a reasonable estimate of the length of time they will be needed.
iii. The specific place and time for staging of the assisting party's response and a point of contact at that location.
C. There shall be frequent consultation between state officials who have assigned emergency management responsibilities and other appropriate representatives of the party states with affected jurisdictions and United States Government, with free exchange of information, plans, and resource records relating to emergency capabilities. ARTICLE IV - LIMITATIONS
Any party state requested to render mutual aid or conduct exercises and training for mutual aid shall take such action as is necessary to provide and make available the resources covered by this compact in accordance with the terms hereof; provided that it is understood that the state rendering aid may withhold resources to the extent necessary to provide reasonable protection for such state.
Each party state shall afford to the emergency forces of any party state, while operating within its state limits under the terms and conditions of this compact, the same powers (except that of arrest unless specifically authorized by the receiving state), duties, rights, and privileges as are afforded forces of the state in which they are performing emergency services. Emergency forces will continue under the command and control of their regular leaders, but the organizational units will come under the operational control of the emergency services authorities of the state receiving assistance. These conditions may be activated, as needed, only subsequent to a declaration of a state of emergency or disaster by the governor of the party state that is to receive assistance or commencement of exercises or training for mutual aid and shall continue so long as the exercises or training for mutual aid are in progress, the state of emergency or disaster remains in effect or loaned resources remain in the receiving state(s), whichever is longer. ARTICLE V - LICENSES AND PERMITS
Whenever any person holds a license, certificate, or other permit issued by any state party to the compact evidencing the meeting of qualifications for professional, mechanical, or other skills, and when such assistance is requested by the receiving party state, such person shall be deemed licensed, certified, or permitted by the state requesting assistance to render aid involving such skill to meet a declared emergency or disaster, subject to such limitations and conditions as the governor of the requesting state may prescribe by executive order or otherwise. ARTICLE VI - LIABILITY
Officers or employees of a party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be considered agents of the requesting state for tort liability and immunity purposes; and no party state or its officers or employees rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be liable on account of any act or omission in good faith on the part of such forces while so engaged or on account of the maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith. Good faith in this article shall not include willful misconduct, gross negligence, or recklessness. ARTICLE VII - SUPPLEMENTARY AGREEMENTS
Inasmuch as it is probable that the pattern and detail of the machinery for mutual aid among two or more states may differ from that among the states that are party hereto, this instrument contains elements of a broad base common to all states, and nothing herein contained shall preclude any state from entering into supplementary agreements with another state or affect any other agreements already in force between states. Supplementary agreements may comprehend, but shall not be limited to, provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, police, public utility, reconnaissance, welfare, transportation and communications personnel, equipment and supplies. ARTICLE VIII - COMPENSATION
Each party state shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured members of the emergency forces of that state and representatives of deceased members of such forces in case such members sustain injuries or are killed while rendering aid pursuant to this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within their own state. ARTICLE IX - REIMBURSEMENT
Any party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be reimbursed by the party state receiving such aid for any loss or damage to or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment and the provision of any service in answering a request for aid and for the costs incurred in connection with such requests; provided, that any aiding party state may assume in whole or in part such loss, damage, expense, or other cost, or may loan such equipment or donate such services to the receiving party state without charge or cost; and provided further, that any two or more party states may enter into supplementary agreements establishing a different allocation of costs among those states. Article VIII expenses shall not be reimbursable under this provision. ARTICLE X - EVACUATION
Plans for the orderly evacuation and interstate reception of portions of the civilian population as the result of any emergency or disaster of sufficient proportions to so warrant, shall be worked out and maintained between the party states and the emergency management/services directors of the various jurisdictions where any type of incident requiring evacuations might occur. Such plans shall be put into effect by request of the state from which evacuees come and shall include the manner of transporting such evacuees, the number of evacuees to be received in different areas, the manner in which food, clothing, housing, and medical care will be provided, the registration of the evacuees, the providing of facilities for the notification of relatives or friends, and the forwarding of such evacuees to other areas or the bringing in of additional materials, supplies, and all other relevant factors. Such plans shall provide that the party state receiving evacuees and the party state from which the evacuees come shall mutually agree as to reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses incurred in receiving and caring for such evacuees, for expenditures for transportation, food, clothing, medicines and medical care, and like items. Such expenditures shall be reimbursed as agreed by the party state from which the evacuees come. After the termination of the emergency or disaster, the party state from which the evacuees come shall assume the responsibility for the ultimate support of repatriation of such evacuees. ARTICLE XI - IMPLEMENTATION
A. This compact shall become operative immediately upon its enactment into law by any two (2) states; thereafter, this compact shall become effective as to any other state upon its enactment by such state.
B. Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall take effect until 30 days after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of such withdrawal to the governors of all other party states. Such action shall not relieve the withdrawing state from obligations assumed hereunder prior to the effective date of withdrawal.
C. Duly authenticated copies of this compact and of such supplementary agreements as may be entered into shall, at the time of their approval, be deposited with each of the party states and with the Federal Emergency Management Agency and other appropriate agencies of the United States Government. ARTICLE XII - VALIDITY
This section shall be construed to effectuate the purposes stated in Article I hereof. If any provision of this compact* is declared unconstitutional, or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the constitutionality of the remainder of this section and the applicability thereof to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. ARTICLE XIII - ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS
Nothing in this compact shall authorize or permit the use of military force by the National Guard of a state at any place outside that state in any emergency for which the President is authorized by law to call into federal service the militia, or for any purpose for which the use of the Army or the Air Force would in the absence of express statutory authorization be prohibited under Section 1385 of title 18, United States Code.
(L. 1996 S.B. 740 §§ 1, 2)
*Words "of this compact" do not appear in original rolls.