Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 49
County Commissions and County Buildings

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County court to be known as county commission--membership ofcommission--two districts in each county.

49.010. The county court shall be known as the "county commission" and shall be composed of three members, to be styled "commissioners" of the county, and each county shall be districted by the commissions thereof into two districts, of contiguous territory, as nearly equal in population as practicable, without dividing municipal townships.

(RSMo 1939 § 2474, A.L. 1945 p. 832, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2072; 1919 § 2568; 1909 § 4075

Effective 1-1-85

CROSS REFERENCE:

Number of members may be reduced, how, Const. Art. VI § 7

Election--term of office--residence.

49.020. At the general election in the year 1996, and every four years thereafter, the voters of each of the districts shall elect a county commissioner, who shall hold his office for a term of four years and until his successor is duly elected and qualified; and at the general election in the year 1882, and every four years thereafter, the presiding commissioner of the county shall be elected by the voters of the county at large, who shall hold his office for the term of four years and until his successor is duly elected and qualified. Each commissioner shall be a resident of the county and each commissioner elected from a district shall be a resident of the district from which such commissioner was elected. Each commissioner elected under the provisions of this chapter shall enter upon the duties of his office on the first day of January immediately after his election.

(RSMo 1939 § 2475, A.L. 1978 H.B. 971, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1992 S.B. 833, A.L. 1995 H.B. 256)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2073; 1919 § 2569; 1909 § 4076

Commissioners to be commissioned by governor.

49.050. The clerks of the county commission shall certify to the governor the names of the persons elected as county commissioners, and the governor shall thereupon commission all such persons as commissioners for their respective terms for which they may have been elected.

(RSMo 1939 § 2478, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2076; 1919 § 2572; 1909 § 4079

Effective 1-1-85

Vacancy, how certified--eligibility.

49.060. When a vacancy shall occur in the office of a county commissioner, the vacancy shall at once be certified by the clerk of the commission to the governor, who shall fill such vacancy with a person who resides in the district at the time the vacancy occurs, as provided by law.

(RSMo 1939 § 2477, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1990 H.B. 1816)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2075; 1919 § 2571; 1909 § 4078

Quorum.

49.070. A majority of the commissioners of the county commission shall constitute a quorum to do business; a single member may adjourn from day to day, and require the attendance of those absent; when but two commissioners are sitting and they shall disagree in any matter submitted to them, the decision of the presiding commissioner shall stand as the decision of the commission; provided further, when the presiding commissioner is absent and the other two commissioners are present the commission clerk shall designate one of the commissioners present as presiding commissioner during the absence of the regular presiding commissioner, and he shall, during the absence of the regular presiding commissioner, have all of the powers of the regular presiding commissioner.

(RSMo 1939 § 2493, A.L. 1953 p. 389, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2091; 1919 § 2587; 1909 § 4094

Effective 1-1-85

County commission to appoint sewer supervisor--compensation andduties, how fixed (certain second class counties).

49.079. The county commission in all counties of the second class having a population of over thirty thousand inhabitants and containing a part of a city having a population of more than four hundred fifty thousand inhabitants may appoint a sewer supervisor and fix his compensation. The sewer supervisor shall supervise the construction and extension of sewers within the county and shall have the other duties that the county commission may provide.

(L. 1973 H.B. 680 § 1, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Compensation of certain county commissioners, may be reduced, voterequired--training program, attendance required, when, expenses,compensation.

49.082. 1. A county commissioner in any county, other than in a first classification chartered county or a first classification county not having a charter form of government and not containing any part of a city with a population of three hundred thousand or more, shall, subject to any other adjustment otherwise provided in this section, receive an annual salary computed as set forth in the following schedule. The assessed valuation factor shall be the amount thereof as shown for the year next preceding the computation. The provisions of this section shall not permit or require a reduction in the amount of compensation being paid for the office of commissioner on January 1, 1997. Assessed Valuation Salary $ 18,000,000 to 40,999,999 $19,140

41,000,000 to 53,999,999 19,800

54,000,000 to 65,999,999 21,120

66,000,000 to 85,999,999 22,440

86,000,000 to 99,999,999 23,760

100,000,000 to 130,999,999 25,080

131,000,000 to 159,999,999 26,400

160,000,000 to 189,999,999 27,060

190,000,000 to 249,999,999 27,390

250,000,000 to 299,999,999 28,380

300,000,000 or more 29,700

2. In addition to any compensation provided pursuant to subsection 1 of this section, the presiding commissioner of any county not having a charter form of government shall receive two thousand dollars annual salary.

3. Two thousand dollars of the salary authorized in this section shall be payable to a commissioner only if the commissioner has completed at least twenty hours of classroom instruction each calendar year relating to the operations of the commissioner's office when approved by a professional association of the county commissioners of Missouri unless exempted from the training by the professional association. The professional association approving the program shall provide a certificate of completion to each commissioner who completes the training program and shall send a list of certified commissioners to the treasurer of each county. Expenses incurred for attending the training session may be reimbursed to a county commissioner in the same manner as other expenses as may be appropriated for that purpose.

4. A county commissioner in any county, other than a first classification charter county or a first classification county not having a charter form of government and not containing any part of a city with a population of three hundred thousand or more, shall not, except upon a two-thirds vote of all the members of the salary commission, receive an annual compensation in an amount less than the total compensation being received for the office of county commissioner or presiding commissioner respectively for the particular county for services rendered or performed on the date the salary commission votes.

(L. 1987 S.B. 65, et al. § 6, A.L. 1988 S.B. 431, A.L. 1997 S.B. 11)

CROSS REFERENCE:

Compensation in certain first class, noncharter counties, RSMo 50.343

County department officers to inspect and inventory personal propertyused by department--additional inventory inspected by countyclerk--report to be filed and signed by clerk (counties of thethird and fourth classification).

49.093. 1. In counties of the third and fourth classification, the county officer or the county officer's designee of each county department shall, annually, on or before the tenth day of October, inspect and inventory all office equipment and machines, road machinery, farm supplies, equipment and produce on hand and all other personal property belonging to the county and used by such department of an individual original value of one thousand dollars or more of whatsoever kind or description. The county officer or the county officer's designee of each county department shall have the discretion to inspect and inventory any office equipment or county property used by such department with an original value of less than one thousand dollars. Such inventory shall list such property by keeping a continuous annual inventory of each item identified by descriptive name, and on manufactured goods the manufacturer's serial number, model, age and estimated market value, and after the first inventory taken pursuant to this section, there shall be attached to subsequent inventories a statement or explanation of any material changes over that of the previous year, showing in particular the disposition of any county property, the reason for its disposal, to whom disposed and the amount received therefor.

2. All remaining property not inventoried by a particular department of such county shall be inventoried by the county clerk of such county in the same manner as items are inventoried pursuant to subsection 1 of this section.

3. The reports required by this section shall be signed by the county clerk.

(L. 1999 H.B. 402 § 2, A.L. 2005 H.B. 58)

Additional duties of county commissioners (second class counties).

49.097. The county commissioners in counties of the second class shall collate and digest, in December of each year, the information received the preceding year in the reports of the various county officers and shall prepare and place on file in the county clerk's office a resume of this information for inspection by the public.

(L. 1965 p. 150 § 1, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Additional duties of county commissioners (second, third and fourthclass counties).

49.098. For the benefit of the executive branch and members and staff of the general assembly, in determining local needs in appropriation of funds of the state, the county commissioners in all counties of the second, third and fourth class shall file with the office of administration, the oversight division of the committee on legislative research, and the state auditor copies of summarized reports of all funds received from any agency of the United States government. Further, county commissioners, collectively or by designation of the presiding commissioner, shall represent the county on the following regional councils which may encompass their county: Manpower planning; aging; health planning; law enforcement assistance; community action; countywide sewer districts; solid waste management; county planning and zoning; University of Missouri extension; future boards, commissions and councils relating to health, education or welfare of the citizens as established by executive or legislative action of the government of the United States or of the state; and such other councils and organizations relating to operations of counties as from time to time may be created.

(L. 1975 S.B. 95 § 1, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Vacancies, interim county officials appointed, when--expiration.

49.101. In the event of a vacancy in the county offices of county clerk, county auditor, and county assessor, whether such vacancy is by reason of death, resignation, removal, refusal to act, or any other reason, the county commission shall appoint an interim county official to discharge the duties of the office until the governor appoints a successor as provided under state law. At the time of the appointment of a replacement by the governor, the interim appointment shall expire. Such interim appointment by the county commission shall provide the interim county official with all of the protections, bonding requirements, tenants, and other provisions relating to such office.

(L. 2012 H.B. 1340 )

Passports, processing of applications, commission may provide service,when--fees.

49.130. If the clerk of the court in the circuit in which the county is located does not offer passport service as provided under section 483.537, the county commission may take or process applications for passports or their renewal or may designate by order or ordinance any county officer to provide the service. Fees charged for the service shall be retained by the county office that provides the service.

(L. 2015 S.B. 539)

County commissioners prohibited from doing certain things.

49.140. No county commissioner shall, directly or indirectly, become a party to any contract to which the county is a party, or act as a road or bridge commissioner, either general or special, or keeper of any poor person.

(RSMo 1939 § 2491, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2089; 1919 § 2585; 1909 § 4092

Effective 1-1-85

CROSS REFERENCE:

Member of county commission not to act as sales agent, 229.090

Penalty for violating section 49.140.

49.150. Any county commissioner who shall violate any of the provisions of section 49.140 or who shall do any of the acts or enter into any of the contracts prohibited or declared unlawful in said section, shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor.

(RSMo 1939 § 2492, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2090; 1919 § 2586; 1909 § 4093

Effective 1-1-85

Who shall hold meetings when majority of commissioners are absent.

49.160. If, by reason of sickness, absence from the county or other preventing cause, the commissioners of any county, or a majority of them, are not able to hold any regular meeting, the judge of the probate division of the circuit court shall hold the term of the commission, except that in counties having more than one circuit judge the presiding judge of the circuit court shall designate one of the circuit judges to hold the term of the county commission.

(RSMo 1939 § 2443, A. 1949 H.B. 2006, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2052; 1919 § 2548; 1909 § 4062

Effective 1-1-85

Terms of commission, when held.

49.170. Four terms of the county commission shall be held in each county annually, at the place of holding commission meetings therein, commencing on the first Mondays in January, April, July, and October. The county commissions may alter the times for holding their stated terms, giving notice thereof in such manner as to them shall seem expedient; provided, that in counties now containing or that may hereafter contain seventy-five thousand or more inhabitants, and where county commissions are now or may hereafter be held at more places than one and at other places than the county seat, the terms of the commission shall be held monthly and alternately at the county seat and such other place as may be provided for the holding of a meeting, and each monthly term shall commence on the first Monday in each month.

(RSMo 1939 § 2485, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 2003 H.B. 267)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2083; 1919 § 2579; 1909 § 4086

Special terms.

49.180. The presiding commissioner or any two commissioners of the county commission may order a special term whenever the business and interest of the county require it.

(RSMo 1939 § 2487, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2085; 1919 § 2581; 1909 § 4088

Effective 1-1-85

Notice for special term.

49.190. Notice of such special term shall be given to the commissioners who were absent when the same was ordered, and by advertisement placed up in five public places in the county at least five days before the commencement of such term.

(RSMo 1939 § 2488, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2086; 1919 § 2582; 1909 § 4089

Effective 1-1-85

Adjourned terms.

49.200. Each county commission may hold adjourned terms whenever it may become necessary for the transaction of its business.

(RSMo 1939 § 2489, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2987; 1919 § 2583; 1909 § 4090

Effective 1-1-85

County commission may award process.

49.210. The county commission shall, when not otherwise provided by law, have power to award process and to cause to come before them all and every person whom they may deem it necessary to examine, whether parties or witnesses, and may examine every person on oath or affirmation, touching any matter in controversy before them.

(RSMo 1939 § 2479, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2077; 1919 § 2573; 1909 § 4080

Effective 1-1-85

Proceeds before county commission may be transferred to circuitcourt, when.

49.220. If a majority of the commissioners of the county commission shall be interested in any cause or proceeding pending before them, or related to either party, the same shall be certified with the original papers to the circuit court of the county, which shall proceed thereon to final judgment and determination in like manner as the county commission should have done.

(RSMo 1939 § 2481, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2079; 1919 § 2575; 1909 § 4082

Effective 1-1-85

Stenographic record.

49.225. In proceedings before county commissions, the commissioners or any party whose interests are being determined may require that all the evidence introduced be reported by a competent stenographer and when so reported the evidence shall be transcribed and shall become a part of the record in the case. The party requesting the stenographic record is liable for the costs thereof if the matter is decided against him and the county commission may require him to give security for the costs before ordering the stenographic record.

(L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Appeals.

49.230. Appeals from the decisions, findings and orders of county commissions shall be conducted under the provisions of chapter 536.

(RSMo 1939 § 2490, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1985 S.B. 405)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2088; 1919 § 2584; 1909 § 4091

Settlements with county treasurers and other officers.

49.260. In the settlements required by law to be made by the county commission with treasurers and other officers holding county funds, whether quarterly, yearly or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the commission, or some commissioner thereof, to ascertain by actual examination and count the amount of balances and funds in the hands of such officers, and to what particular fund it appertains, and such examination and count shall include all funds on hand up to the day on which such settlement is made.

(RSMo 1939 § 13770, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12111; 1919 § 9509; 1909 § 3730

Effective 1-1-85

County commission may grant easements to watershed subdistricts.

49.264. The county commission of any county may grant easements over any county roads, township roads or any county lands or township lands to any watershed subdistrict for any purpose for which the subdistrict is organized pursuant to the provisions of chapter 278.

(L. 1972 S.B. 470 § 1, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

County commission may authorize closing of county offices, when,procedure (second, third and fourth class counties).

49.265. The county commission in all counties of class two, by order entered of record, may authorize all county offices, except the sheriff's office, to be open not more than five days each week, and in all counties of classes three and four by order entered of record, may authorize all county offices, except the sheriff's office, to be open not more than five and one-half days each week. The county commission, after entering such an order, may require any office to be open six days a week when public convenience requires. The authorization by the county commission in counties of the third and fourth class to close such offices must be published three times in the county newspapers and such authorization to be signed by the county commission.

(L. 1955 p. 369 § 1, A.L. 1959 H.B. 534, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

County commission by orders or ordinance may regulate use of countyproperty, traffic, and parking--burn bans.

49.266. 1. The county commission in all noncharter counties may by order or ordinance promulgate reasonable regulations concerning the use of county property, the hours, conditions, methods and manner of such use and the regulation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic and parking thereon.

2. Violation of any regulation so adopted under subsection 1 of this section is an infraction.

3. Upon a determination by the state fire marshal that a burn ban order is appropriate for a county because:

(1) An actual or impending occurrence of a natural disaster of major proportions within the county jeopardizes the safety and welfare of the inhabitants of such county; and

(2) The U.S. Drought Monitor has designated the county as an area of severe, extreme, or exceptional drought, the county commission may adopt an order or ordinance issuing a burn ban, which may carry a penalty of up to a class A misdemeanor. State agencies responsible for fire management or suppression activities and persons conducting agricultural burning using best management practices shall not be subject to the provisions of this subsection. The ability of an individual, organization, or corporation to sell fireworks shall not be affected by the issuance of a burn ban. The county burn ban may prohibit the explosion or ignition of any missile or skyrocket as the terms "missile" and "skyrocket" are defined by the 2012 edition of the American Fireworks Standards Laboratory, but shall not ban the explosion or ignition of any other consumer fireworks as the term "consumer fireworks" is defined under section 320.106.

4. The regulations so adopted shall be codified, printed and made available for public use and adequate signs concerning smoking, traffic and parking regulations shall be posted.

(L. 1988 H.B. 1653, A.L. 2003 H.B. 267, A.L. 2013 H.B. 28, A.L. 2014 S.B. 672)

County commission to control county property--to audit demandsagainst county.

49.270. The county commission shall have control and management of the property, real and personal, belonging to the county, and may purchase, lease or receive by donation, or to refuse donation of, any property, real or personal, for the use and benefit of the county, and may sell and cause to be conveyed any real estate, goods or chattels belonging to the county, appropriating the proceeds of such sale to the use of the same, and to audit and settle all demands against the county.

(RSMo 1939 § 2480, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1990 H.B. 1640)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 2078; 1919 § 2574; 1909 § 4081

CROSS REFERENCES:

County property subject to city ordinances, cities of the fourth classification, when, 88.743 to 88.750

Powers on claims against county generally, 50.160

Swamp and overflowed lands, employment of counsel to recover, 241.155

County counselor may impose fine for certain violations of rules,regulations or ordinances, amount. (Boone, Cass, Jasper,Jefferson, Greene, and Buchanan counties.)

49.272. The county commission of any county of the first classification without a charter form of government and with more than one hundred thirty-five thousand four hundred but less than one hundred thirty-five thousand five hundred inhabitants, any county of the first classification without a charter form of government having a population of at least eighty-two thousand inhabitants, but less than eighty-two thousand one hundred inhabitants, any county of the first classification with more than one hundred four thousand six hundred but fewer than one hundred four thousand seven hundred inhabitants, any county of the first classification with more than one hundred ninety-eight thousand but fewer than one hundred ninety-nine thousand two hundred inhabitants, any county of the first classification with more than two hundred forty thousand three hundred but less than two hundred forty thousand four hundred inhabitants, and any county of the first classification with more than eighty-three thousand but fewer than ninety-two thousand inhabitants and with a home rule city with more than seventy-six thousand but fewer than ninety-one thousand inhabitants as the county seat, which has an appointed county counselor and which adopts or has adopted rules, regulations or ordinances under authority of a statute which prescribes or authorizes a violation of such rules, regulations or ordinances to be a misdemeanor punishable as provided by law, may by rule, regulation or ordinance impose a civil fine not to exceed one thousand dollars for each violation. Any fines imposed and collected under such rules, regulations or ordinances shall be payable to the county general fund to be used to pay for the cost of enforcement of such rules, regulations or ordinances.

(L. 2003 S.B. 537, A.L. 2004 H.B. 795, et al., A.L. 2005 H.B. 58, A.L. 2014 S.B. 896)

CROSS REFERENCE:

County counselor to prosecute violations of certain county ordinances, where, 56.640

County commission may provide transportation for county officersand employees (first class counties).

49.275. 1. The county commissions in all counties of the first class not operating under a special charter for their own government may, in their discretion and in addition to any other allowance provided by law, provide such transportation for any county official, deputy or employee as is reasonably necessary to the efficient performance of his official duties.

2. Such transportation may be provided by furnishing county-owned automobiles or by paying a reasonable cash allowance for the use of privately owned automobiles, or by paying a fixed amount per mile for miles actually traveled in privately owned automobiles, or by furnishing gasoline and oil, or in such other manner, or combination of manners, as the county commission may direct.

(L. 1951 p. 379 §§ 1, 2, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

County commission may provide law enforcement vehicles (third andfourth class counties).

49.276. County commissions of third and fourth class counties may provide motor vehicles for the use of law enforcement personnel who are county employees. Such motor vehicles shall be used by authorized personnel only, and each sheriff shall prescribe rules and regulations for the use of the motor vehicles. The county commission may acquire title to such vehicles in the name of the county and may purchase insurance on the vehicles. County commissions may sell or otherwise convey such vehicles and may do all acts consistent with maintenance and operating costs of the vehicles at county expense. The motor vehicles authorized herein shall be of such size, type, make and horsepower as is determined by the county commission. The county commission and the Missouri state highway patrol may cooperate in the purchase and disposal of such vehicles, either pursuant to the provisions of sections 67.330 to 67.450 or otherwise. Costs incident to purchase of such vehicles, other than the purchase price, shall be paid by the county commission.

(L. 1974 H.B. 1028 § 2, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Governing body may provide certain benefits for county employees,procedure.

49.278. 1. The county governing body in all counties may contribute to the cost of a plan, including a plan underwritten by insurance, for furnishing all or a part of hospitalization or medical expenses, life insurance, or similar benefits for elected officials and their employees, and to appropriate and utilize its revenues and other available funds for these purposes.

2. No contract shall be entered into by the county to purchase any insurance policy or policies pursuant to the terms of this section unless such contract shall have been submitted to competitive bidding and such contract be awarded to the lowest and best bidder.

3. The governing authority of all counties may provide, in addition to any other programs or plans, workers' compensation, health insurance, life insurance, and retirement plans for all county employees.

(L. 1983 S.B. 57, A.L. 2003 H.B. 267)

Ex officio commissioner to sell county lands--deeds by.

49.280. The county commission may, by order, appoint an ex officio commissioner to sell and dispose of any real estate belonging to their county; and the deed of such ex officio commissioner, under his proper hand and seal, for and in behalf of such county, duly acknowledged and recorded, shall be sufficient to convey to the purchaser all the right, title, interest and estate which the county may then have in or to the premises so conveyed.

(RSMo 1939 § 13784, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12125; 1919 § 9523; 1909 § 3744

Effective 1-1-85

County not to own real estate in other counties, exceptions--sheriff'ssale--restrained by circuit court, when.

49.285. 1. It shall be unlawful for any county of the third or fourth class to own real estate situated in any other county of this state other than a county which adjoins it after five years from October 13, 1963, or after five years from the date of acquisition of the real estate, whichever date last occurs. If any county subject to these provisions fails to dispose of such real estate within that time, the sheriff of the county in which the land is located shall take possession of the real estate and sell it at public auction from the place where and at the hour when partition sales are normally conducted after giving notice of the sale in the manner prescribed for partition sales both in the county where the land is located and in the county owning the real estate. Proceeds from the sale shall first be applied to paying the costs of notices herein prescribed, then to a sheriff's sale fee not to exceed one hundred dollars and approved by the circuit court of the county wherein the real estate is located, then to the county owning the real estate. However, all oil, gas and mineral rights shall be reserved to the county when said real estate is sold. The county may, however, lease said rights to third parties and the oil, gas and minerals sold under said lease shall revert to the general revenue fund of the county.

2. The circuit court of the county wherein the real estate is situated may upon the application of the county commission owning the real estate and for good cause shown restrain the sheriff of the county from proceeding with the provisions of subsection 1 for such time as may be reasonable if it appears that the county owning the real estate has entered into a valid contract for the sale of the real estate which will be completed within a reasonable time after the five-year limit set forth above.

(L. 1963 p. 108 § 1, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

County may lease property--procedures (certain first class counties).

49.287. 1. In all counties of the first class not having a charter form of government, the county commission may lease to any person any real or personal property and other facilities under the control of the county commission owned by the county for a term not to exceed fifty years.

2. The same procedures shall be followed by the county commission as are required in the purchase of property over five hundred dollars in value.

(L. 1965 p. 153 §§ 1, 2, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Lands sold by the county--procedure to obtain deed.

49.290. Whenever any person shall present to the county commission his petition in writing, duly verified, stating that he is the owner of one or more pieces of real estate in said county which formerly belonged to said county, and which was sold by the county commission to the petitioner, or to a person under whom the petitioner claims title, and which real estate was never conveyed by deed, or which was conveyed by deed and the deed has been lost or destroyed, the county commission, after being satisfied of the truth of the allegations of his petition, and after advising with the prosecuting attorney, shall make an order appointing three ex officio commissioners to execute a deed to such person, and shall direct said ex officio commissioners to execute and acknowledge such deed, and such ex officio commissioners shall thereupon execute a deed conveying said real estate to the petitioner, which deed shall have the same force and effect as if said deed had been executed by the ex officio commissioner or commissioners originally appointed for that purpose by the county governing board. Each ex officio commissioner shall be entitled for his services to a fee of one dollar, to be paid by the petitioner.

(RSMo 1939 § 13785, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12126; 1919 § 9524; 1909 § 3745

Effective 1-1-85

Rejection of transfer of real property by donation or dedicationauthorized, when--proof and acknowledgment required.

49.292. 1. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the county commission of any county may reject the transfer of title of real property to the county by donation or dedication if the commission determines that such rejection is in the public interest of the county.

2. No transfer of title of real property to the county commission or any other political subdivision by donation or dedication authorized to be recorded in the office of the recorder of deeds shall be valid unless it has been proved or acknowledged. The preparer of the document relating to subsection 1 of this section shall not submit a document to the recorder of deeds for recording unless the acceptance thereof of the grantee named in the document has been proved or acknowledged. No water or sewer line easement shall be construed as a transfer of title of real property under this subsection.

(L. 2006 S.B. 932, A.L. 2008 S.B. 907 merged with S.B. 1033)

County commission may institute condemnation proceedings--powerof circuit court.

49.300. If land or other property is sought to be appropriated by any county commission for roads, drainage systems, sites for a county courthouse, jail, poorhouse, infirmary or for any other public purpose whatsoever, and the county commission and the land or property owner whose land is sought to be appropriated are unable to agree upon the damages or compensation for the taking of the property, or if the owner is incapable of contracting or is a nonresident of this state, the county commission may institute proceedings in the circuit court of the county in the name of the county for the purpose of condemning the land or other property. The proceedings in the circuit court shall be had in the manner and with the effect provided in chapter 523 for the condemnation of property for public use. Any questions relative to the regularity of the proceedings before the county commission may be raised in the action. If the county commission institutes the proceedings, upon the petition of registered voters of the county as authorized by chapter 228, or at the instance of any drainage district, the petitioners or drainage district shall be made parties to the proceedings and the circuit court may render judgment for damages and costs against the county or against any or all of the parties as is just and proper in the premises.

(L. 1945 p. 1469 § 1, A. 1949 H.B. 2006, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1990 H.B. 1070)

Disposition of garbage and refuse by constitutional chartercounty--plants, how financed.

49.303. 1. Whenever the county council or other legislative authority of any first class county having a constitutional charter finds it necessary for the protection of the public health to construct and operate incinerators or composting plants for the destruction of garbage, trash, cinders, refuse matter and waste, the county is hereby authorized to acquire land by gift, purchase, exchange or by the exercise of the power of eminent domain; to construct and operate incinerators or composting plants thereon for the destruction of garbage, trash, cinders, refuse matter and waste; to construct, lease or otherwise provide facilities and equipment for the deposit of material after its collection and for the transfer and transportation of the material to an incinerator or composting plant or landfill; and to make a charge for the use of the facilities for such purposes.

2. Any such constitutional charter county may finance and pay for the planning, designing, acquisition, construction, equipment and improvement of property for the purpose provided in subsection 1, by any one or combination of the following methods:

(1) General revenue funds, including any proceeds derived from the operation of such incinerators or composting plants or transfer facilities;

(2) General obligation bonds within legal debt limitations;

(3) Negotiable interest-bearing revenue bonds, the principal and interest of which shall be payable solely from the revenue derived from the operation of such facilities, which revenue bonds may be issued and sold by such constitutional charter county when authorized by the county council or other legislative authority of the county.

(L. 1961 p. 277 § 1)

Sites for courthouse, jail, may acquire--funds from which paymentauthorized.

49.305. The county commission of any county may acquire by purchase, for the county, improved or unimproved real estate for a site for a courthouse, jail or poorhouse or infirmary; or, when the county owns the site may acquire by purchase improved or unimproved real estate as an addition to or enlargement of the site. The county commission may pay for the real estate acquired out of any money in the county treasury belonging to the contingent fund or out of any surplus in any other fund at the close of any fiscal year, after the payment of all warrants drawn during the year against the fund and of all other previously issued and outstanding warrants against the fund.

(RSMo 1939 §§ 13717, 13718, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 §§ 12058, 12059; 1919 §§ 9458, 9459; 1909 §§ 3679, 3680

Effective 1-1-85

County commission to erect and maintain courthouses, jails--issuebonds--certain counties authorized to maintain jails outsideboundaries of county seat.

49.310. 1. Except as provided in sections 221.400 to 221.420 and subsection 2 of this section, the county commission in each county in this state shall erect and maintain at the established seat of justice a good and sufficient courthouse, jail and necessary fireproof buildings for the preservation of the records of the county; except that in counties having a special charter, the jail or workhouse may be located at any place within the county. In pursuance of the authority herein delegated to the county commission, the county commission may acquire a site, construct, reconstruct, remodel, repair, maintain and equip the courthouse and jail, and in counties wherein more than one place is provided by law for holding of court, the county commission may buy and equip or acquire a site and construct a building or buildings to be used as a courthouse and jail, and may remodel, repair, maintain and equip buildings in both places. The county commission may issue bonds as provided by the general law covering the issuance of bonds by counties for the purposes set forth in this section. In bond elections for these purposes in counties wherein more than one place is provided by law for holding of court, a separate ballot question may be submitted covering proposed expenditures in each separate site described therein, or a single ballot question may be submitted covering proposed expenditures at more than one site, if the amount of the proposed expenditures at each of the sites is specifically set out therein.

2. The county commission in all counties of the fourth classification and any county of the third, second, or first classification may provide for the erection and maintenance of a good and sufficient jail or holding cell facility at a site in the county other than at the established seat of justice.

(RSMo 1939 § 13702, A.L. 1945 p. 1399, A.L. 1965 p. 153, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1994 S.B. 520, A.L. 1995 H.B. 424, A.L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218, A.L. 2011 H.B. 340)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12043; 1919 § 9443; 1909 § 3664

Effective 7-01-11

CROSS REFERENCES:

Courthouse and jail bonds, 108.040, 108.070

Courthouse and jail to be erected, 71.300

County commission may order buildings erected.

49.320. Whenever the county commission of any county thinks it expedient to erect any of the buildings aforesaid, the building of which is not otherwise provided for, and there are sufficient funds in the county treasury for that purpose, not otherwise appropriated, or the circumstances of the county will otherwise permit, they shall make an order for the building thereof, stating in the order the amount to be appropriated for that purpose.

(RSMo 1939 § 13715, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12056; 1919 § 9456; 1909 § 3677

Effective 1-1-85

Superintendent, appointment, compensation.

49.330. The county commission shall appoint some suitable person to superintend the erection of the buildings who shall take an oath to discharge faithfully and impartially the duties enjoined on him by sections 49.310 to 49.470. The superintendent of the county buildings shall receive the compensation for his services that the county commission deems reasonable, to be paid out of the county treasury. The county commission shall fill any vacancy which occurs in the office of superintendent.

(RSMo 1939 §§ 13715, 13716, 13729, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 §§ 12056, 12057, 12070; 1919 §§ 9456, 9457, 9470; 1909 §§ 3677, 3678, 3691

Effective 1-1-85

Site for county building.

49.370. 1. The county commission shall designate the place whereon to erect any county building, on any land belonging to such county, at the established seat of justice thereof. If there is no suitable ground belonging to said county within the limits of the original town known as the established seat of justice, the county commission shall select a proper piece of ground anywhere within the corporate limits of the town known as the county seat, and may purchase or receive by donation a lot or lots of ground for that purpose, and shall take a good and sufficient deed in fee simple for the same to the county, and shall make report to the circuit court at its next sitting.

2. The provisions of subsection 1 of this section notwithstanding, any county may acquire, own, erect, operate, manage, and maintain buildings and property outside the limits of the established seat of justice, so long as the buildings or property is located within the county.

(RSMo 1939 § 13719, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 2003 H.B. 267 merged with S.B. 281)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12060; 1919 § 9460; 1909 § 3681

Circuit court to examine title.

49.390. Such court shall examine its title and certify its decision thereon to the county commission.

(RSMo 1939 § 13721, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12062; 1919 § 9462; 1909 § 3683

Effective 1-1-85

County commission to pay for building site, when.

49.400. If the title to the land so purchased or received be approved, the county commission, if they approve the selection, shall make an order for the payment of the purchase money, if any, out of the county treasury.

(RSMo 1939 § 13722, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12063; 1919 § 9463; 1909 § 3684

Effective 1-1-85

Plan of building to be submitted.

49.410. When the ground for erecting any public building shall be designated, as aforesaid, the superintendent shall prepare and submit to the county commission a plan of the building to be erected, the dimensions thereof, and the materials of which it is to be composed, with an estimate of the probable cost thereof.

(RSMo 1939 § 13723, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12064; 1919 § 9464; 1909 § 3685

Effective 1-1-85

Advertisement for bids--may let at private contract, when.

49.420. When any plan shall be approved by the county commission, the superintendent shall immediately advertise for bids for the erection and construction of same, stating in such advertisement a description of such building or buildings, and shall contract with the person or firm who will agree to do the work and furnish the necessary material on the lowest and best terms not exceeding the amount appropriated or set apart for such building or buildings; provided, that in case the lowest bid received shall be in excess of the amount appropriated, after two successive advertisements for such bids, then, if such county commission shall be of the opinion that such building or buildings can be constructed or built for a sum not in excess of the amount appropriated, or if the commission shall be of the opinion that there is collusion or combination between the bidders for the purpose of forcing the county to pay an exorbitant price for the construction of such building or buildings, then, the commission may, in its discretion, let such building or buildings at private contract, to be constructed according to original plans and specifications upon which bids were received and approved by the county commission.

(RSMo 1939 § 13724, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12065; 1919 § 9465; 1909 § 3686

Effective 1-1-85

Bond of contractor.

49.430. The superintendent shall take from the contractor a bond to the county, with sufficient security, for the performance of the work at the time and in the manner agreed on, according to the plan, under a penalty at least one hundred ten percent of the amount to be given for erecting the building. A copy of the plan shall be annexed to the bond.

(RSMo 1939 § 13725, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1982 S.B. 691)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12066; 1919 § 9466; 1909 § 3687

Effective 4-30-82

Superintendent to supervise work and report progress.

49.440. The superintendent shall oversee and direct the execution of the work, and see that the materials employed are good, and that the work is executed according to contract, and make report of the progress and condition thereof, from time to time, to the county commission.

(RSMo 1939 § 13726, A.L. 1959 S.B. 65, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12067; 1919 § 9467; 1909 § 3688

Effective 1-1-85

Payments to contractor, when made.

49.450. When any installment shall become due to the undertaker, according to contract, the county commission shall make an order that the same be paid out of the county treasury.

(RSMo 1939 § 13727, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12068; 1919 § 9468; 1909 § 3689

Effective 1-1-85

Order of payment, when made.

49.460. No such order shall be made unless the superintendent shall certify to the county commission that the due proportion of the work has been completed and executed according to contract.

(RSMo 1939 § 13728, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12069; 1919 § 9469; 1909 § 3690

Effective 1-1-85

County commission may alter and repair county buildings, when.

49.470. The county commission of each county shall have power, from time to time, to alter, repair or build any county buildings, which have been or may hereafter be erected, as circumstances may require, and the funds of the county may admit; and they shall, moreover, take such measures as shall be necessary to preserve all buildings and property of their county from waste or damage.

(RSMo 1939 § 13730, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12071; 1919 § 9471; 1909 § 3692

Effective 1-1-85

Insurance of courthouses and jails--disposition of proceeds.

49.480. In all cases where courthouses or jails are insured, and are totally or partially destroyed by fire, windstorms or cyclones, the money realized on said insurance shall not be placed in the general revenue of the county, but the county commission shall order that such funds shall be kept separate and apart, and be placed in a fund which shall be designated and known as a building fund, and that the same shall be used in erecting or repairing said courthouse or jail, or furnishing buildings or premises used for courthouse or jail purposes.

(RSMo 1939 § 13713, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12054; 1919 § 9454; 1909 § 3675

Effective 1-1-85

Damages recoverable for injuring county property.

49.490. If any person commit any waste, trespass or other injury in or upon any county buildings or other property belonging to any county, he shall forfeit and pay, to the use of the county, fourfold damages, to be recovered in the name of the county, in such form of action as individuals may maintain for like injuries to their property.

(RSMo 1939 § 13731)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12072; 1919 § 9472; 1909 § 3693

County contracts to be inquired into on petition.

49.500. Whenever any fifty resident, solvent and responsible taxpaying citizens of any county in the state shall have good reason to believe, and do believe, that any contract made and entered into by the county commission, with any person or corporation, affecting or concerning any public building, lands, moneys or property of the county in any manner whatever, or any extension of any such contract, was not made and entered into in good faith, or for a just consideration, and with due regard for the best interest of the county, or that any such contract previously entered into has not been carried out by the parties thereto in good faith and according to the terms of any such contract, they may bring a suit in the circuit court of any such county, praying that the matter may be inquired into, and thereupon the circuit court shall make a full investigation of the matters alleged, and shall have power to set aside, reform or cause to be enforced any such contract, or any extension of any such contract, as the court shall deem best under the law and the facts. Should the petitioners fail to sustain their petition, they shall pay the costs; and all such proceedings shall be governed by the law relating to civil practice in circuit courts. The said petition shall be filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of said county; and thereafter the death, removal or disability of any one or more of such petitioners or plaintiffs shall not abate or affect the said suit.

(RSMo 1939 § 13769, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 12110; 1919 § 9508; 1909 § 3729

Effective 1-1-85

County to provide and equip offices.

49.510. It shall be the duty of the county to provide offices or space where the officers of the county may properly carry on and perform the duties and functions of their respective offices. Said county shall maintain, furnish and equip said offices and provide them with the necessary stationery, supplies, equipment, appliances and furniture, all to be taken care of and paid out of the county treasury of said county at the time and in the manner that the county commission may direct.

(RSMo 1939 § 13533, A. 1949 H.B. 2006, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Acquisition, erection or expansion of county buildings authorized,when.

49.520. Whenever the governing body of any first class county finds it necessary for the public need or convenience, or for the preservation of the public records to build, repair or remodel a courthouse, office buildings, court buildings or other public buildings in the county or to purchase, construct or extend buildings and the land upon which the buildings are situated, to be used by the county for courthouses or other proper county purposes, the county is authorized and empowered to purchase, construct or extend courthouses, office buildings, court buildings, and other buildings used for county purposes upon its own land or to acquire by purchase the land upon which the buildings are to be built.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 1, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Issuance of bonds--ordinance required, contents.

49.525. For the purpose of defraying the cost of acquiring the buildings, land and appurtenances thereto by purchase, construction or extension, any county of the first class may borrow money and issue negotiable bonds, except that no bonds shall be issued unless and until authorized by an ordinance or order of the governing body of the county specifying the proposed undertaking, the amount of bonds to be issued and the maximum rate of interest the bonds are to bear. The ordinance or order shall further provide that the proposed land, building or buildings and appurtenances which are to be acquired, are to be acquired or built pursuant to the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 2, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Interest rate and maturity of bonds.

49.530. All bonds under the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580 may be issued bearing interest at a rate not exceeding six percent per annum, payable semiannually, and shall be executed in such manner and be payable at such time, not exceeding forty years from the date thereof, and at such places as the governing body of the county may require.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 3, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Bonds negotiable and tax free--method of sale--payable fromrevenue only.

49.535. 1. Any bonds shall have all of the qualities of negotiable instruments under the law, and shall not be subject to taxation in any manner. In case any of the officers whose signatures or countersignatures appear on the bonds or coupons shall cease to be such officers before delivery of the bonds, the signatures or countersignatures shall nevertheless be valid and sufficient, for all purposes, the same as if they had remained in office until the delivery.

2. The bonds shall be sold in the manner and upon such terms as the governing body of the county deems for the best interest of the county, at public sale, to the highest and best bidder, upon sealed bid, after publication of notice of the public sale at least three times in a newspaper of general circulation in the county, the last insertion of the notice to be at least ten days before the last day for filing and public opening of the sealed bids.

3. The bonds, when issued, shall be payable from the revenue derived from the buildings as provided in section 49.560. It shall be plainly stated on the face of each bond that the same has been issued under the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580 and that it does not constitute an indebtedness of the county, or the state of Missouri, within the meaning of any constitutional provisions or limitations.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 4, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Obligation of county for rent or charges, limits--right to usebuilding.

49.540. No county by the issuance and sale of the bonds shall obligate itself to pay any rent or charges for the use and occupancy for a period in excess of one year. Nor shall it obligate itself to exercise its power to levy taxes to produce the required rents for the use of the buildings for a period in excess of one year nor shall the obligation to pay rent in any year when added to all other obligations for necessary governmental functions of the county, cause the county to exceed the anticipated income provided by the county for the year's operation. The sole and only obligation of the county shall be that so long as it elects to use and occupy the building it will make the payments provided for herein. The county shall, however, have an exclusive option to continue to use and occupy the building so long as it shall make the payments herein provided for.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 5)

Application of proceeds of bonds.

49.545. All moneys derived from any bonds issued pursuant to the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580 shall be applied solely to the purchase or erection of the land, buildings and necessary appurtenances thereto, provided that the moneys may be used to advance the payment of the interest on bonds during the first three years following date of issuance of the bonds.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 6)

Lien on buildings and land--rights of bondholders.

49.550. There shall be and there is hereby created a statutory mortgage lien upon the buildings, land and appurtenances acquired or constructed under the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580 in favor of the holders and owners of the bonds. The buildings and land so acquired or constructed and the appurtenances thereto shall remain subject to the statutory lien until payment in full of the principal and the interest contracted to be paid and according to the tenor thereof. Any holder of the bonds or of any of the coupons may, either at law or in equity, protect and enforce the statutory mortgage lien hereby conferred, and may by suit, action, mandamus or other proceedings, enforce and compel performance of all duties set forth herein, including the making and collecting of sufficient charges for the use of the buildings, the segregation of the income and revenue, and the application thereof to satisfy the obligations.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 7)

Receiver on default in payment of bonds.

49.555. If there is any default in the payment of the principal or interest of any of the bonds, any court having jurisdiction of any action brought by any bond or couponholder may appoint a receiver to administer the buildings on behalf of the bondholders, with power to charge and collect rents or obligations outstanding against the buildings and for the payment of operating expenses, and to apply the income and revenues so derived in conformity with the provisions set forth in sections 49.520 to 49.580 and the orders hereinafter referred to.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 8)

Revenues placed in special fund--use--rentals, rates and charges.

49.560. 1. At or before the issuance of the bonds the governing body of the county shall, by ordinance or order, agree to set aside and pledge the income and revenue of the buildings and land into a separate and special fund to be used and applied only in payment of the bonds and interest and in the maintenance thereof, including therein a sufficient sum to pay the cost of insuring the buildings in favor of the county and each and every bondholder, as his interest may appear, against loss or damage by fire and windstorm or other calamity in such sum as may be acceptable to the purchasers of the bonds and as may adequately protect the property.

2. The ordinance or order shall fix the total amounts of the rents, fees, and other charges to be imposed for the use and occupation of the buildings or services to be thereby furnished in a sum sufficient to meet the obligations of the bonds and interest as set forth in subsection 1, and shall also provide that the sum shall be paid into the separate fund monthly, from the current funds of the county. The rents, fees, and other charges for the services from the buildings shall be fixed in an amount sufficient to provide for the payment of interest upon all bonds, and to create a sinking fund to pay the principal thereof when the same becomes due and to provide for the operation and maintenance thereof, including insurance. The rents, fees and other charges shall be revised by ordinance or order from time to time so as to produce these amounts as may be required.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 9, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Surplus in fund, disposition of.

49.565. If any surplus is accumulated in the separate and special fund during any year, the excess may be transferred by the governing body of the county to the sinking fund or applied to the requirements for the fund for the next succeeding year.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 10, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Additional bonds--refunding bonds.

49.570. If the governing body of the county should find that the bonds authorized will be insufficient to supply the funds necessary to complete the project authorized, additional bonds may be authorized and issued subject to the procedure as described and required in sections 49.520 to 49.580. After the issuance and sale of the bonds, if the governing body of the county deems it to be to the best interest of the county, refunding bonds may be issued for the purpose of providing funds for the payment of any outstanding bonds, in accordance with the procedure in sections 49.520 to 49.580. The new bonds shall be secured to the same extent, in the same manner and shall have the same source of payment as the bonds which have been refunded thereby.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 11, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

Administration of buildings and income, obligation of bonds.

49.575. In acquiring or constructing any building under the provisions of sections 49.520 to 49.580 the governing body of the county may provide by ordinance or order any provisions or stipulations for the administration of the buildings and the income to be derived therefrom, for the security of the bondholders, as the governing body of the county deems necessary. The bonds shall be obligations only of the county, payable solely from the revenues of the buildings, as provided in sections 49.520 to 49.580, and in no event shall they be considered a debt for which the full faith and credit or taxing power of the county is pledged. Any ordinance passed or order issued under sections 49.520 to 49.580 shall constitute a contract between the county and the holder of any bond, which contract may be enforced in the manner and form as herein provided.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 12, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

This method of acquisition additional, not exclusive.

49.580. Sections 49.520 to 49.580 are deemed to create an additional and alternate method for the acquisition of buildings to be used by first class counties and shall not be deemed to include, alter, amend, or repeal any other statute. No proceedings shall be required for the acquisition of any buildings hereunder, or the issuance of bonds hereunder except as prescribed by sections 49.520 to 49.580, any provision of the general laws of the state of Missouri to the contrary notwithstanding.

(L. 1961 p. 278 § 13, A.L. 1975 H.B. 510)

National flood insurance program, adoption and rescissionprocedure--exemptions (certain second, third, fourth classcounties).

49.600. 1. The county commission, in all counties which have not adopted county planning and zoning, may, as provided by law, adopt or rescind by order or ordinance regulations to require compliance with Federal Emergency Management Agency standards, necessary to comply with the national flood insurance program, in any flood hazard area designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency; provided, however, that no ordinance or order enacted pursuant to this section in any county shall be effective unless the county commission or governing body of the county submits to the voters of a county, at a county or state general, primary or special election, a proposal to authorize the county commission or governing body of the county to adopt such an order or ordinance.

2. The ballot of submission shall contain but need not be limited to the following language:

Shall the county of ......................... enact an order or ordinance for such regulations as required for compliance with Federal Emergency Management standards, necessary to comply with the national flood insurance program, in any flood hazard area designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency?

[ ] YES [ ] NO

If you are in favor of the question, place an "X" in the box opposite "YES". If you are opposed to the question, place an "X" in the box opposite "NO".

If a majority of the votes cast on the proposal by the qualified voters voting thereon are in favor of the proposal, then the ordinance or order and any amendments thereto shall be in effect. If a majority of the votes cast by the qualified voters voting are opposed to the proposal, then the governing body of the county shall have no power to adopt such an order or ordinance. The people of a county covered by sections 49.600 to 49.615 may rescind the order or ordinance regulations by presenting an initiative petition to the county commission of the county, with a minimum of five percent of the registered voters' signatures that voted in the last gubernatorial election. After receiving the qualifying initiative petition the county commission shall place on the ballot at the next general election the following:

Shall national flood insurance programs be adopted in ........................ County?

[ ] YES [ ] NO

If a majority of those voting vote for adopting the national flood insurance program, the program shall be continued; if a majority of those voting vote against adopting the national flood insurance program, the program shall be discontinued within thirty days after certification of the election results.

3. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the incorporated portions of the counties, or to the raising of livestock, crops, orchards or forestry, nor to seasonal or temporary impoundments used for rice farming or flood irrigation. As used in this section, the term "rice farming or flood irrigation" means small berms of no more than eighteen inches high that are placed around a field to hold water for use for growing rice or for flood irrigation. Nor shall this section apply to the erection, maintenance, repair, alteration or extension of farm buildings or farm structures used for such purposes in an area not within the area shown on the flood hazard area map. Nor shall this section apply to underground mining where entrance is through an existing shaft or shafts or through a shaft or shafts in an area not within the area shown on the flood hazard area map.

4. Levee districts organized pursuant to chapter 245 and drainage districts organized pursuant to chapters 242 and 243 are subject to flood plain management regulations adopted by a county pursuant to this chapter.

5. Nothing contained in sections 49.600 to 49.615 shall affect the existence or validity of an ordinance which a county has adopted prior to March 4, 1991.

(L. 1980 S.B. 746 § 1, A.L. 1983 H.B. 34, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219, A.L. 1991 H.B. 72)

Effective 3-4-91

Permits, authorized requirements for applicant.

49.605. No permit required by the provisions of order or ordinance regulations adopted pursuant to the provisions of sections 49.600 to 49.615 shall be denied an applicant if the proposed construction, use or other development will not raise the flood elevation of the one hundred year flood level more than one foot; provided, however, that any permit may require that the lowest floor of an insurable structure shall be above the one hundred year flood level and that all structures shall be adequately anchored to prevent flotation, collapse or lateral movement of the structure.

(L. 1980 S.B. 746 § 2)

Effective 5-9-80

Variances may be granted by county commission, when.

49.610. Any order or ordinance regulations adopted pursuant to sections 49.600 to 49.615 shall provide that the county commission may grant individual variances beyond the limitations prescribed by the order or ordinance regulations upon presentation of adequate proof that compliance with the provisions of the order or ordinance regulations will result in an exceptional hardship to applicant or any arbitrary and unreasonable closing or prevention of any lawful construction, use or other development in the area or county and which will not result in additional threats to public safety and will not be inconsistent with the objectives of sound flood plain management.

(L. 1980 S.B. 746 § 3, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Judicial review of all final decisions, orders and actions, when.

49.615. All final decisions, orders, actions or determinations of the county commission made under or involving the provisions of order or ordinance regulations adopted pursuant to the provisions of sections 49.600 to 49.615 shall be subject to judicial review to the same extent and in the same manner prescribed by chapter 536.

(L. 1980 S.B. 746 § 4, A.L. 1983 S.B. 219)

Effective 1-1-85

Certain county ordinances and resolutions authorized relating tocounty property and affairs--submission to voters--certainrestrictions for counties of the third classification.

49.650. 1. The governing authority of each county without a charter form of government shall have the power to adopt ordinances or resolutions relating to its property, affairs, and local government for which no provision has been made in the constitution of this state or state statute regarding the following:

(1) County roads controlled by the county;

(2) Emergency management, as it specifically relates to the actual occurrence of a natural or man-made disaster of major proportions within the county when the safety and welfare of the inhabitants of such county are jeopardized;

(3) Nuisance abatement, excluding agricultural and horticultural property as defined in section 137.016;

(4) Storm water control, excluding agricultural and horticultural property as defined in section 137.016;

(5) The promotion of economic development for job creation purposes;

(6) Parks and recreation; and

(7) Protection of the environment from the risks posed by methamphetamine production. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to allow a noncharter county to adopt an ordinance or resolution regulating the sale or display at any retail outlet of any drug having an active ingredient of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, or any of their salts, optical isomers, or salts of optical isomers. Each county shall have the authority by ordinance to authorize specified officeholders to receive donations for specified purposes to defray costs of administration of programs set forth in said ordinance.

If any such ordinance, order, or resolution conflicts with a municipal, fire protection district, or ambulance district ordinance, the provisions of such municipality, fire protection district, or ambulance district shall prevail within the corporate boundaries of the municipality, of such municipality, fire protection district, or ambulance district. All ordinances adopted pursuant to this section shall remain effective until repealed or amended by the governing authority, except that the general assembly shall have the power to further define, broaden, limit, or otherwise regulate the power of each such county to adopt ordinances, resolutions, or regulations.

2. The governing body of each county without a charter form of government may submit to the qualified voters of the county any ordinance, resolution, or regulation proposed pursuant to this section for the approval of the qualified voters of the county. Any ordinance, resolution, or regulation submitted to the qualified voters pursuant to this section shall become effective if a majority of the qualified voters voting on the ordinance, resolution, or regulation are in favor of its adoption, but no ordinance, resolution, or regulation shall become effective if a majority of the qualified voters voting on the ordinance, resolution, or regulation are opposed to its adoption.

3. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, no tax or fee shall be submitted to the voters of the county unless the tax or fee has been authorized by statute by the general assembly.

4. No county of the first, second, third, or fourth classification shall have the power to adopt any ordinance, resolution, or regulation pursuant to this section governing any railroad company, telecommunications or wireless companies, public utilities, rural electric cooperatives, or municipal utilities.

5. No county commission of any county of the third classification shall enact an ordinance with regard to agricultural operations under this section. Any zoning ordinance adopted by any county of the third classification before August 28, 2004, shall be exempt from this subsection.

(L. 2003 H.B. 267, A.L. 2004 H.B. 795, et al.)


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