Chapter 171School Operations
171.011. The school board of each school district in the state may make all needful rules and regulations for the organization, grading and government in the school district. The rules shall take effect when a copy of the rules, duly signed by order of the board, is deposited with the district clerk. The district clerk shall transmit forthwith a copy of the rules to the teachers employed in the schools. The rules may be amended or repealed in like manner.
Schools receiving public moneys to display United Statesflag--requirement to recite Pledge of Allegiance once per schoolday--students not required to recite.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-1)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 163.010)
Admission of nonresident pupils, 167.151
Summary suspension of pupils, 167.171
Suspension or expulsion of pupils by board, 167.161
171.021. 1. Every school in this state which is supported in whole or in part by public moneys, during the hours while school is in session, shall display in some prominent place either upon the outside of the school building or upon a pole erected in the school yard the flag of the United States of America.
2. Every school in this state which is supported in whole or in part by public moneys shall ensure that the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag of the United States of America is recited in at least one scheduled class of every pupil enrolled in that school no less often than once per school day. Flags for display in individual classrooms may be provided by voluntary donation by any person. No student shall be required to recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
Student programs on occupations and educational options,military forces may be represented.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-2, A.L. 2002 S.B. 718, A.L. 2016 S.B. 638)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 163.030)
171.026. If the school board of any school district in the state provides access to persons or groups which make students aware of occupational or educational options, the board shall provide access on the same basis to official recruiting representatives of the military forces of the state and of the United States for the purpose of informing students of educational and career opportunities available in the military.
Four-day school week authorized--calendar to be filed with department.
(L. 1981 H.B. 717 § 1)
171.029. 1. The school board of any school district in the state, upon adoption of a resolution by the vote of a majority of all its members to authorize such action, may establish a four-day school week or other calendar consisting of less than one hundred seventy-four days in lieu of a five-day school week. Upon adoption of a four-day school week or other calendar consisting of less than one hundred seventy-four days, the school shall file a calendar with the department of elementary and secondary education in accordance with section 171.031. Such calendar shall include, but not be limited to, a minimum term of one hundred forty-two days and one thousand forty-four hours of actual pupil attendance.
2. If a school district that attends less than one hundred seventy-four days meets at least two fewer performance standards on two successive annual performance reports than it met on its last annual performance report received prior to implementing a calendar year of less than one hundred seventy-four days, it shall be required to revert to a one hundred seventy-four-day school year in the school year following the report of the drop in the number of performance standards met. When the number of performance standards met reaches the earlier number, the district may return to the four-day week or other calendar consisting of less than one hundred seventy-four days in the next school year.
Board to prepare calendar--minimum term--openingdates--exemptions--hour limitation.
(L. 2009 S.B. 291)
171.031. 1. Each school board shall prepare annually a calendar for the school term, specifying the opening date and providing a minimum term of at least one hundred seventy-four days for schools with a five-day school week or one hundred forty-two days for schools with a four-day school week, and one thousand forty-four hours of actual pupil attendance. In addition, such calendar shall include six make-up days for possible loss of attendance due to inclement weather as defined in subsection 1 of section 171.033.
2. Each local school district may set its opening date each year, which date shall be no earlier than ten calendar days prior to the first Monday in September. No public school district shall select an earlier start date unless the district follows the procedure set forth in subsection 3 of this section.
3. A district may set an opening date that is more than ten calendar days prior to the first Monday in September only if the local school board first gives public notice of a public meeting to discuss the proposal of opening school on a date more than ten days prior to the first Monday in September, and the local school board holds said meeting and, at the same public meeting, a majority of the board votes to allow an earlier opening date. If all of the previous conditions are met, the district may set its opening date more than ten calendar days prior to the first Monday in September. The condition provided in this subsection must be satisfied by the local school board each year that the board proposes an opening date more than ten days before the first Monday in September.
4. If any local district violates the provisions of this section, the department of elementary and secondary education shall withhold an amount equal to one quarter of the state funding the district generated under section 163.031 for each date the district was in violation of this section.
5. The provisions of subsections 2 to 4 of this section shall not apply to school districts in which school is in session for twelve months of each calendar year.
6. The state board of education may grant an exemption from this section to a school district that demonstrates highly unusual and extenuating circumstances justifying exemption from the provisions of subsections 2 to 4 of this section. Any exemption granted by the state board of education shall be valid for one academic year only.
7. No school day for schools with a five-day school week shall be longer than seven hours except for vocational schools which may adopt an eight-hour day in a metropolitan school district and a school district in a first class county adjacent to a city not within a county, and any school that adopts a four-day school week in accordance with section 171.029.
Make-up of days lost or cancelled, number required--exemption,when--waiver for schools in session twelve months of year,granted when.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-3, A.L. 1973 H.B. 158, A.L. 1983 S.B. 39, A.L. 1984 H.B. 1456 & 1197, A.L. 1987 S.B. 23, A.L. 1992 S.B. 485, A.L. 1993 S.B. 194, A.L. 2003 S.B. 686, A.L. 2007 S.B. 64, A.L. 2009 S.B. 291)
171.033. 1. "Inclement weather", for purposes of this section, shall be defined as ice, snow, extreme cold, flooding, or a tornado, but such term shall not include excessive heat.
2. A district shall be required to make up the first six days of school lost or cancelled due to inclement weather and half the number of days lost or cancelled in excess of six days if the makeup of the days is necessary to ensure that the district's students will attend a minimum of one hundred forty-two days and a minimum of one thousand forty-four hours for the school year except as otherwise provided in this section. Schools with a four-day school week may schedule such make-up days on Fridays.
3. In the 2009-10 school year and subsequent years, a school district may be exempt from the requirement to make up days of school lost or cancelled due to inclement weather in the school district when the school district has made up the six days required under subsection 2 of this section and half the number of additional lost or cancelled days up to eight days, resulting in no more than ten total make-up days required by this section.
4. The commissioner of education may provide, for any school district in which schools are in session for twelve months of each calendar year that cannot meet the minimum school calendar requirement of at least one hundred seventy-four days for schools with a five-day school week or one hundred forty-two days for schools with a four-day school week and one thousand forty-four hours of actual pupil attendance, upon request, a waiver to be excused from such requirement. This waiver shall be requested from the commissioner of education and may be granted if the school was closed due to circumstances beyond school district control, including inclement weather, flooding or fire.
Provision of food services by school districts eligible to reducemake-up days.
(L. 1978 S.B. 954 § 2, A.L. 1982 S.B. 832, A.L. 1994 S.B. 442, A.L. 1997 H.B. 797, A.L. 2001 H.B. 274, A.L. 2003 H.B. 554, A.L. 2006 S.B. 769, A.L. 2007 S.B. 64, A.L. 2009 H.B. 682 merged with S.B. 291, A.L. 2014 H.B. 1298 Revision)
Make-up days lost due to inclement weather when and how made up, 160.041
171.034. Any school district that is eligible to reduce its requirement to make up days pursuant to subsection 3 of section 171.033 may provide food service on a summer school food service basis if it resumes school with double sessions.
(L. 2006 S.B. 769 § 1)
171.051. School holidays include Thanksgiving Day, December twenty-fifth, the third Monday in February, July fourth, and may include November eleventh at the discretion of the school district.
Participation in sanctioned program activities, excused absencesallowed--state aid, computation for such activities.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-5, A.L. 1969 p. 85, A.L. 2014 S.B. 600)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 163.020)
171.053. 1. The general assembly hereby finds and declares that:
(1) The Future Farmers of America Organization (FFA Organization), Family, Career, and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA) and 4-H programs in the state and the organized competitions held as a part of the Missouri state fair involve an education and learning process that is not otherwise available in the regular curriculum of secondary education in Missouri;
(2) The principles and practices learned by students in such programs are highly beneficial to students;
(3) Participation in such programs should be encouraged; and
(4) One method of encouraging participation in such programs is to allow such participation to be counted as school attendance for the purpose of determining state school aid.
2. It is the purpose and intent of this section to assure that participation of students in sanctioned activities of such programs be allowed to such extent as may be determined appropriate by the school boards of the various school districts.
3. Any school district which allows an excused absence for athletics or any other extracurricular school activity shall allow, pursuant to its written policy and with the approval of the responsible sponsoring school employee, any student enrolled in the district to use such regularly scheduled instructional time as is reasonably necessary for such student to participate in an officially sanctioned activity of any such program; provided, if the program is not a part of the Missouri state fair or 4-H, that such program has a local chapter which is officially recognized by the student's school.
4. For the purpose of distributing state school aid pursuant to section 163.031, a student who is participating in an officially sanctioned activity of any such program, as provided pursuant to subsection 3 of this section, shall be considered to be attending regularly scheduled instruction in the district and such hours of participation occurring during the regular school day shall be included in the district's calculation of average daily attendance, as defined in section 163.011.
Board may provide adult classes out of certain funds.
(L. 2004 S.B. 968 and S.B. 969)
171.091. The school board of any school district in this state may provide for the gratuitous education of persons over twenty years of age, resident in the school district. The gratuitous education, however, shall be provided only out of revenue derived by the school district from sources other than those described in Section 3, Article IX, of the Constitution of this State.
Board may permit use of school facilities for adulteducation purposes.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-9, A.L. 1967 p. 236, A.L. 1973 H.B. 38)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 163.160)
171.096. Each school board in the state may, under such terms and conditions as it may determine, permit the use of its buildings and grounds for adult education purposes.
Board may authorize sale of class projects to pupils at cost.
(L. 1967 1st Ex. Sess. p. 894 § 1)
171.098. The school board in each school district may authorize the sale of any product or item made as a class project or activity from materials purchased with district funds to any pupil enrolled in the schools of the district. The selling price shall approximate the cost of the materials only.
Board may provide facilities and services for pupils livingon federal lands.
(L. 1973 H.B. 232 § 2)
171.101. The school board of a seven-director district may provide educational facilities and services for pupils residing on lands acquired by the federal government in the state of Missouri for military or other purposes. The board may operate schools on federal lands adjoining the district if adequate plant facilities therefor are provided by the federal government.
District may be closed and required to transport pupils--apportionmentof state aid.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-10)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 165.375)
State aid for pupils residing on federal lands, 163.071
171.121. If any district in this state has an average daily attendance of less than fifteen pupils as shown by the records of the last previous school year, the state board of education, after investigation that convinces it that it would be to the best interests of all concerned, shall require the board to provide for the tuition and transportation of the pupils of the district to other public schools. Separate records of the attendance of pupils from the closed district shall be kept and the district shall receive the same apportionment under section 163.031 as it would have received otherwise. For the first year after the closing of a district, apportionment shall be made under section 163.031 to the closed district on the basis of the average daily attendance of the preceding year and shall be paid by the closed district to the districts receiving its pupils in proportion to the number of pupils received by each.
Seventh and eighth grade pupils may be sent to anotherdistrict--tuition, how paid.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-12, A.L. 2005 S.B. 287)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 161.120)
171.131. The board of education of any elementary school district may elect to maintain an elementary school in the district for grades one through six only. In that event tuition shall be paid by the sending district as provided in section 167.131 for pupils in grades nine through twelve. Pupils in grades seven and eight shall have the option of attending any approved school in the county of residence or in an adjoining county.
Fraternities and sororities may be barred--enforcement.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-13, A.L. 1973 H.B. 158)
(Source: L. 1961 p. 345 § 161.015)
171.141. 1. As used in this section, a school fraternity or sorority is any organization composed wholly or in part of public school pupils, which seeks to perpetuate itself by taking in additional members from the pupils enrolled in public high schools, junior high schools or elementary schools on the basis of the decision of its membership rather than upon the free choice of any pupil in the school who is qualified by the rules of the board to fill the aims of the organization.
2. The school board of any school district, by rule, may prohibit membership of pupils in school fraternities or sororities composed of pupils in any high school, junior high school or elementary school in the district, when it deems that membership in the fraternities or sororities detrimentally affects the conduct and discipline of the schools in the district. Any rule adopted under this subsection shall prescribe the aim of school organizations which may be formed and the qualifications of pupils eligible for membership therein. The board may adopt other rules that are necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.
3. Upon the adoption of the rule authorized by subsection 2, the school board may suspend, discipline and expel from the schools under its control, any pupil who remains a member of, who joins or promises to join, or who becomes pledged to become a member, or who solicits any other person to join, promise to join or be pledged or to become a member of a school fraternity or sorority. Upon direction of the board, by rule or otherwise, the superintendent of schools may suspend and discipline any person who violates the rule authorized by subsection 2 until the time that the matter is considered by the board.
Daily register required, contents of.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-14)
(Source: L. 1961 p. 348 §§ 1, 2)
171.151. Each public school of the state shall keep a daily register in which shall be entered the name, age, date of entrance and record of attendance of each pupil and the studies pursued by the pupil.
Full credit to be given work completed in accredited schools.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-15, A.L. 1977 H.B. 130)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 163.140)
171.171. Work completed in schools accredited by the state board of education shall be given full credit in requirements for entrance to and classification in any educational institution supported in whole or in part by state appropriation.
Preference given Missouri products in making purchase--certainseven-director school districts, board member selling to districtprohibited, exceptions, penalty.
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-17)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 160.090)
171.181. In making purchases, the school board, officer, or employee of any school district shall give preference to all commodities, manufactured, mined, produced or grown within the state and to all firms, corporations or individuals doing business as Missouri firms, corporations, or individuals, when quality and price are approximately the same; provided, however, that any board member, officer or employee of a seven-director school district, any portion of which is located in a county of the first, second, third, or fourth class, selling or providing such commodities to the school district except as provided in sections 105.450 to 105.458 shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor and shall forfeit his position with the school district.
Materials recovery and recycling facility prohibited, when (city ofChesterfield).
(L. 1963 p. 200 § 11-18 and p. 340 § 165.157, A.L. 1989 H.B. 493, A.L. 2014 S.B. 719)
(Source: RSMo 1959 § 165.157)
171.185. No school district located in any city of the third classification with more than forty-six thousand eight hundred but fewer than forty-seven thousand inhabitants shall operate a materials recovery and recycling facility within five hundred feet of a residential property.
Program may be taught to first graders, purpose.
(L. 2010 H.B. 1692, et al.)
171.410. 1. Each school district and charter school may annually teach the Eddie Eagle Gunsafe Program to first grade students. School districts and charter schools may also teach any substantially similar program of the same qualifications or any successor program in lieu of the Eddie Eagle Gunsafe Program.
2. The purpose of the educational program shall be to promote the safety and protection of children. The educational program shall emphasize how students should respond if they encounter a firearm. School personnel and program instructors shall not make value judgments about firearms.
3. No school district or charter school shall include or use a firearm or demonstrate the use of a firearm when teaching the program.
4. Students with disabilities shall participate to the extent appropriate as determined by the provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
5. School districts and charter schools may seek grant funding for the program from public, private, and nonprofit entities.
(L. 2013 S.B. 75)