Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 191
Health and Welfare
Section 191.663

August 28, 2014


HIV testing, defined--court order to test certain sexual offenders--costs--bond--disclosure of results of test--parents of unemancipated minor informed, when.

191.663. 1. As used in this section and section 191.659, the term "HIV testing" means serological test or other test upon a biological specimen to determine the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or its antibodies in the specimen.

2. Any person who is convicted or who pleads guilty or nolo contendere to any sexual offense defined in chapter 566 or any juvenile who is adjudicated pursuant to subsection 3 of section 211.181 for an offense which would have been a sexual offense defined in chapter 566 if committed by an adult, which includes, in accordance with subsection (f) of 42 U.S.C. 3756, a sexual act as defined in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) of 18 U.S.C. 2245 as an element of the offense, shall be ordered by the court to undergo HIV testing prior to incarceration without the right of refusal.

3. Costs of such HIV testing shall be taxed to the defendant as costs in the criminal proceeding. Such testing costs may be retained by the court from the bond filed by the defendant pursuant to subsection 4 of this section. Costs of such HIV testing for juveniles may be collected as provided for in section 211.281.

4. Any defendant charged in a court of general jurisdiction with a sexual offense defined in chapter 566 which includes, in accordance with subsection (f) of 42 U.S.C. 3756, a sexual act as defined in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) of 18 U.S.C. 2245 as an element of the crime, shall be required to post a minimum bond amount for his or her release prior to trial. The minimum bond amount shall be sufficient to cover the cost of any post-trial HIV testing ordered by the court.

5. Notwithstanding any provision of section 191.656, or any other law to the contrary, the victim of any crime defined in chapter 566 which includes, in accordance with subsection (f) of 42 U.S.C. 3756, a sexual act as defined in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) of 18 U.S.C. 2245 as an element, shall have a right to access to the results of any HIV testing performed pursuant to the provisions of this section, and the victim shall be informed of any confirmed positive results of the HIV testing. If the victim is an unemancipated minor, the minor's parents or custodian, if any, shall also be informed. The administrator of the jail or correctional facility in which the defendant is confined shall also have access to the test results.

(L. 1990 H.B. 974, A.L. 1992 S.B. 638, A.L. 1993 H.B. 233, A.L. 1996 S.B. 858, A.L. 1999 H.B. 358)


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