Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 260
Environmental Control
Section 260.425

August 28, 2014


Violations, how punished.

260.425. 1. It is unlawful for any person to cause or permit any acts or hazardous waste management practices which violate sections 260.350 to 260.430 or any standard, rule or regulation, order or license or permit term or condition adopted or issued hereunder. In the event the commission or the department determines that any provision of sections 260.350 to 260.430 or any standard, rule or regulation, order or determination, or license or permit term or condition adopted or issued hereunder by the commission or the department, or any filing requirement under sections 260.350 to 260.430 or any provision which this state is required to enforce under any federal hazardous waste management act, is being, was, or is in imminent danger of being violated, the commission or department may, in addition to other remedies under sections 260.350 to 260.430, cause to have instituted a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction for injunctive relief to prevent any such violation or further violation or for the assessment of a civil penalty not to exceed ten thousand dollars per day for each day, or part thereof, the violation occurred and continues to occur, or both, as the court deems proper. A civil monetary penalty under this section shall not be assessed for a violation where an administrative penalty was assessed under section 260.412. The commission or the department may request either the attorney general or a prosecuting attorney to bring any action authorized in this section in the name of the people of the state of Missouri. Suit may be brought in any county where the defendant's principal place of business is located or was located at the time the violation occurred, or has or may cause injury or threat to the health of humans or the environment. Any offer of settlement to resolve a civil penalty under this section shall be in writing, shall state that an action for imposition of a civil penalty may be initiated by the attorney general or a prosecuting attorney representing the department under authority of this section, and shall identify any dollar amount as an offer of settlement which shall be negotiated in good faith through conference, conciliation and persuasion.

2. Moneys received pursuant to this section which are not required by article IX, section 7, of the constitution to be distributed to schools shall be deposited in the hazardous waste fund created in section 260.391.

3. Any person who knowingly:

(1) Transports any hazardous waste to a facility which is not authorized to receive such waste pursuant to sections 260.350 to 260.430 or permits or causes any other hazardous waste transportation practice in violation of any provision of sections 260.350 to 260.430;

(2) Treats, stores or disposes of any hazardous waste either:

(a) Without authorization to do so pursuant to sections 260.350 to 260.430; or

(b) In knowing violation of any material condition or requirement of such authorization; or

(c) In violation of any provision of sections 260.350 to 260.430;

(3) Makes any false material statement, representation or certification in any application, label, permit, record, report, manifest or other document filed, maintained, or required to be maintained under sections 260.350 to 260.430;

(4) Falsifies, tampers with, or renders inaccurate any monitoring device or result therefrom used, filed, maintained, or required to be maintained under sections 260.350 to 260.430;

(5) Generates, treats, stores, transports, disposes of or otherwise handles any hazardous waste, and who in connection therewith knowingly destroys, alters or conceals any record required to be maintained pursuant to sections 260.350 to 260.430; or

(6) Owns, maintains or operates any hazardous waste disposal facility in a manner which permits any acts or hazardous waste management practices in violation of sections 260.350 to 260.430, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five hundred dollars nor more than twenty-five thousand dollars for each day of violation, or by confinement in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both such fine and confinement. Second and successive convictions for violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not less than five thousand dollars nor more than fifty thousand dollars for each day of violation, or by imprisonment for not less than ten years, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

4. Whenever the director or his designee observes or has reason to believe any such person is violating or has violated the provisions of sections 260.350 to 260.430 relating to hazardous waste facilities, the director or his designee may request the sheriff or deputy sheriff of the county where the hazardous waste facility is located, or any law enforcement officer otherwise authorized by law to issue a summons, to make investigation. If the officer views any violation of sections 260.350 to 260.430 or has probable cause to believe any violation of sections 260.350 to 260.430 is occurring or has occurred, he shall issue to the owner or operator a summons, in lieu of arrest, which shall state the nature of any alleged violations and shall command the owner or operator to appear in circuit court, associate division, at a stated time and place in answer thereto. If the owner or operator shall fail to appear as commanded by the summons, a warrant of arrest shall be issued.

5. In addition to the authority granted to it under chapter 43, the Missouri state highway patrol, any of its officers, or any other law enforcement officer, who has probable cause to believe that such a violation of sections 260.350 to 260.430 has been committed may detain any equipment involved in the violation and arrest the person controlling or operating such equipment. Any such officer shall also notify the department or the Missouri public service commission as soon as practicable, which shall, in addition, take whatever civil action they determine is necessary to correct or eliminate such violation or any threat to the health of humans or the environment. It shall be the duty of the Missouri state highway patrol as it pertains to highway use, and all other officers of the state of Missouri charged with enforcement of criminal law, to further the purposes of sections 260.350 to 260.430 and to render and furnish to the department when requested all information and assistance in their possession and in their power.

6. The liabilities which shall be imposed pursuant to any provision of sections 260.350 to 260.430 upon persons violating the provisions of sections 260.350 to 260.430 or any standard, rule or regulation, or license or permit term or condition adopted or issued hereunder shall not be imposed for any violation caused by a strike or an act of God, war, riot or other catastrophe.

7. No provision of sections 260.350 to 260.430 shall be construed to limit any action at law or in equity from being brought by any person or political subdivision aggrieved by any violation of sections 260.350 to 260.430 nor shall any provision be construed to prohibit any person from exercising otherwise existing rights to suppress nuisances.

(L. 1977 H.B. 318 ยง 16, A.L. 1980 2d Ex. Sess. H.B. 5, et al., A.L. 1983 H.B. 528, A.L. 1993 S.B. 80, et al.)


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