Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 302
Drivers' and Commercial Drivers' Licenses
Section 302.700

August 28, 2013


Citation of law--definitions.

302.700. 1. Sections 302.700 to 302.780 may be cited as the "Uniform Commercial Driver's License Act".

2. When used in sections 302.700 to 302.780, the following words and phrases mean:

(1) "Alcohol", any substance containing any form of alcohol, including, but not limited to, ethanol, methanol, propanol and isopropanol;

(2) "Alcohol concentration", the number of grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood or the number of grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath or the number of grams of alcohol per sixty-seven milliliters of urine;

(3) "CDL driver", a person holding or required to hold a commercial driver's license (CDL);

(4) "CDLIS driver record", the electronic record of the individual commercial driver's status and history stored by the state of record as part of the Commercial Driver's License Information System (CDLIS) established under 49 U.S.C. Section 31309, et seq.;

(5) "CDLIS motor vehicle record (CDLIS MVR)", a report generated from the CDLIS driver record which meets the requirements for access to CDLIS information and is provided by states to users authorized in 49 CFR 384, subject to the provisions of the Driver Privacy Protection Act, 18 U.S.C. Sections 2721 to 2725, et seq.;

(6) "Commercial driver's instruction permit", a commercial learner's permit issued to an individual by a state or other jurisdiction of domicile in accordance with the standards contained in 49 CFR 383, which, when carried with a valid driver's license issued by the same state or jurisdiction, authorizes the individual to operate a class of commercial motor vehicle when accompanied by a holder of a valid commercial driver's license for purposes of behind-the-wheel training. When issued to a commercial driver's license holder, a commercial learner's permit serves as authorization for accompanied behind-the-wheel training in a commercial motor vehicle for which the holder's current commercial driver's license is not valid;

(7) "Commercial driver's license (CDL)", a license issued by this state or other jurisdiction of domicile in accordance with 49 CFR 383 which authorizes the individual to operate a class of commercial motor vehicle;

(8) "Commercial driver's license downgrade", occurs when:

(a) A driver changes the self-certification to interstate, but operates exclusively in transportation or operation excepted from 49 CFR 391, as provided in 49 CFR 390.3(f), 391.2, 391.68, or 398.3;

(b) A driver changes the self-certification to intrastate only, if the driver qualifies under the state's physical qualification requirements for intrastate only;

(c) A driver changes the self-certification to intrastate, but operating exclusively in transportation or operations excepted from all or part of the state driver qualification requirements; or

(d) The state removes the commercial driver's license privilege from the driver's license;

(9) "Commercial driver's license information system (CDLIS)", the information system established pursuant to the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 (Title XII of Pub. Law 99-570) to serve as a clearinghouse for locating information related to the licensing and identification of commercial motor vehicle drivers;

(10) "Commercial motor vehicle", a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used in commerce to transport passengers or property:

(a) If the vehicle has a gross combination weight rating or gross combination weight of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds inclusive of a towed unit which has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross vehicle weight of more than ten thousand one pounds or more, whichever is greater;

(b) If the vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross vehicle weight of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds, whichever is greater;

(c) If the vehicle is designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver; or

(d) If the vehicle is transporting hazardous materials and is required to be placarded under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (46 U.S.C. Section 1801, et seq.);

(11) "Controlled substance", any substance so classified under Section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. Section 802(6)), and includes all substances listed in schedules I through V of 21 CFR 1308, as they may be revised from time to time;

(12) "Conviction", an unvacated adjudication of guilt, including pleas of guilt and nolo contendere, or a determination that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or an authorized administrative proceeding, an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure the person's appearance in court, the payment of a fine or court cost, or violation of a condition of release without bail, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated, suspended or prorated, including an offense for failure to appear or pay;

(13) "Director", the director of revenue or his authorized representative;

(14) "Disqualification", any of the following three actions:

(a) The suspension, revocation, or cancellation of a commercial driver's license or commercial driver's instruction permit;

(b) Any withdrawal of a person's privileges to drive a commercial motor vehicle by a state, Canada, or Mexico as the result of a violation of federal, state, county, municipal, or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control or violations committed through the operation of motor vehicles, other than parking, vehicle weight, or vehicle defect violations;

(c) A determination by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration that a person is not qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle under 49 CFR 383.52 or 391;

(15) "Drive", to drive, operate or be in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle;

(16) "Driver", any person who drives, operates, or is in physical control of a motor vehicle, or who is required to hold a commercial driver's license;

(17) "Driver applicant", an individual who applies to obtain, transfer, upgrade, or renew a commercial driver's license or commercial driver's instruction permit in this state;

(18) "Driving under the influence of alcohol", the commission of any one or more of the following acts:

(a) Driving a commercial motor vehicle with the alcohol concentration of four one-hundredths of a percent or more as prescribed by the Secretary or such other alcohol concentration as may be later determined by the Secretary by regulation;

(b) Driving a commercial or noncommercial motor vehicle while intoxicated in violation of any federal or state law, or in violation of a county or municipal ordinance;

(c) Driving a commercial or noncommercial motor vehicle with excessive blood alcohol content in violation of any federal or state law, or in violation of a county or municipal ordinance;

(d) Refusing to submit to a chemical test in violation of section 577.041, section 302.750, any federal or state law, or a county or municipal ordinance; or

(e) Having any state, county or municipal alcohol-related enforcement contact, as defined in subsection 3 of section 302.525; provided that any suspension or revocation pursuant to section 302.505, committed in a noncommercial motor vehicle by an individual twenty-one years of age or older shall have been committed by the person with an alcohol concentration of at least eight-hundredths of one percent or more, or in the case of an individual who is less than twenty-one years of age, shall have been committed by the person with an alcohol concentration of at least two-hundredths of one percent or more, and if committed in a commercial motor vehicle, a concentration of four-hundredths of one percent or more;

(19) "Driving under the influence of a controlled substance", the commission of any one or more of the following acts in a commercial or noncommercial motor vehicle:

(a) Driving a commercial or noncommercial motor vehicle while under the influence of any substance so classified under Section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. Section 802(6)), including any substance listed in schedules I through V of 21 CFR 1308, as they may be revised from time to time;

(b) Driving a commercial or noncommercial motor vehicle while in a drugged condition in violation of any federal or state law or in violation of a county or municipal ordinance; or

(c) Refusing to submit to a chemical test in violation of section 577.041, section 302.750, any federal or state law, or a county or municipal ordinance;

(20) "Electronic device", includes but is not limited to a cellular telephone, personal digital assistant, pager, computer, or any other device used to input, write, send, receive, or read text;

(21) "Employer", any person, including the United States, a state, or a political subdivision of a state, who owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle or assigns a driver to operate such a vehicle;

(22) "Endorsement", an authorization on an individual's commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit required to permit the individual to operate certain types of commercial motor vehicles;

(23) "Farm vehicle", a commercial motor vehicle controlled and operated by a farmer used exclusively for the transportation of agricultural products, farm machinery, farm supplies, or a combination of these, within one hundred fifty miles of the farm, other than one which requires placarding for hazardous materials as defined in this section, or used in the operation of a common or contract motor carrier, except that a farm vehicle shall not be a commercial motor vehicle when the total combined gross weight rating does not exceed twenty-six thousand one pounds when transporting fertilizers as defined in subdivision (29) of this subsection;

(24) "Fatality", the death of a person as a result of a motor vehicle accident;

(25) "Felony", any offense under state or federal law that is punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;

(26) "Foreign", outside the fifty states of the United States and the District of Columbia;

(27) "Gross combination weight rating" or "GCWR", the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a combination (articulated) vehicle. In the absence of a value specified by the manufacturer, GCWR will be determined by adding the GVWR of the power unit and the total weight of the towed unit and any load thereon;

(28) "Gross vehicle weight rating" or "GVWR", the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle;

(29) "Hazardous materials", any material that has been designated as hazardous under 49 U.S.C. Section 5103 and is required to be placarded under subpart F of CFR 172 or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin in 42 CFR 73. Fertilizers, including but not limited to ammonium nitrate, phosphate, nitrogen, anhydrous ammonia, lime, potash, motor fuel or special fuel, shall not be considered hazardous materials when transported by a farm vehicle provided all other provisions of this definition are followed;

(30) "Imminent hazard", the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begins to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury, or endangerment;

(31) "Issuance", the initial licensure, license transfers, license renewals, and license upgrades;

(32) "Manual transmission" (also known as a stick shift, stick, straight drive or standard transmission), a transmission utilizing a driver-operated clutch that is activated by a pedal or lever and a gear-shift mechanism operated either by hand or foot. All other transmissions, whether semiautomatic or automatic, will be considered automatic for the purposes of the standardized restriction code;

(33) "Medical examiner", a person who is licensed, certified, or registered, in accordance with applicable state laws and regulations, to perform physical examinations. The term includes, but is not limited to, doctors of medicine, doctors of osteopathy, physician assistants, advanced practice nurses, and doctors of chiropractic;

(34) "Medical variance", when a driver has received one of the following that allows the driver to be issued a medical certificate:

(a) An exemption letter permitting operation of a commercial motor vehicle under 49 CFR 381, Subpart C or 49 CFR 391.64;

(b) A skill performance evaluation certificate permitting operation of a commercial motor vehicle under 49 CFR 391.49;

(35) "Mobile telephone", a mobile communication device that is classified as or uses any commercial mobile radio service, as defined in the regulations of the Federal Communications Commission, 47 CFR 20.3, but does not include two-way or citizens band radio services;

(36) "Motor vehicle", any self-propelled vehicle not operated exclusively upon tracks;

(37) "Noncommercial motor vehicle", a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles not defined by the term commercial motor vehicle in this section;

(38) "Out of service", a temporary prohibition against the operation of a commercial motor vehicle by a particular driver, or the operation of a particular commercial motor vehicle, or the operation of a particular motor carrier;

(39) "Out-of-service order", a declaration by an authorized enforcement officer of a federal, state, Canadian, Mexican or any local jurisdiction, that a driver, or a commercial motor vehicle, or a motor carrier operation, is out of service under 49 CFR 386.72, 392.5, 392.9a, 395.13, or 396.9, or comparable laws, or the North American Standard Out-of-Service Criteria;

(40) "School bus", a commercial motor vehicle used to transport preprimary, primary, or secondary school students from home to school, from school to home, or to and from school-sponsored events. School bus does not include a bus used as a common carrier as defined by the Secretary;

(41) "Secretary", the Secretary of Transportation of the United States;

(42) "Serious traffic violation", driving a commercial motor vehicle in such a manner that the driver receives a conviction for the following offenses or driving a noncommercial motor vehicle when the driver receives a conviction for the following offenses and the conviction results in the suspension or revocation of the driver's license or noncommercial motor vehicle driving privilege:

(a) Excessive speeding, as defined by the Secretary by regulation;

(b) Careless, reckless or imprudent driving which includes, but shall not be limited to, any violation of section 304.016, any violation of section 304.010, or any other violation of federal or state law, or any county or municipal ordinance while driving a commercial motor vehicle in a willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property, or improper or erratic traffic lane changes, or following the vehicle ahead too closely, but shall not include careless and imprudent driving by excessive speed;

(c) A violation of any federal or state law or county or municipal ordinance regulating the operation of motor vehicles arising out of an accident or collision which resulted in death to any person, other than a parking violation;

(d) Driving a commercial motor vehicle without obtaining a commercial driver's license in violation of any federal or state or county or municipal ordinance;

(e) Driving a commercial motor vehicle without a commercial driver's license in the driver's possession in violation of any federal or state or county or municipal ordinance. Any individual who provides proof to the court which has jurisdiction over the issued citation that the individual held a valid commercial driver's license on the date that the citation was issued shall not be guilty of this offense;

(f) Driving a commercial motor vehicle without the proper commercial driver's license class or endorsement for the specific vehicle group being operated or for the passengers or type of cargo being transported in violation of any federal or state law or county or municipal ordinance;

(g) Violating a state or local law or ordinance on motor vehicle traffic control prohibiting texting while driving a commercial motor vehicle;

(h) Violating a state or local law or ordinance on motor vehicle traffic control restricting or prohibiting the use of a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a commercial motor vehicle; or

(i) Any other violation of a federal or state law or county or municipal ordinance regulating the operation of motor vehicles, other than a parking violation, as prescribed by the Secretary by regulation;

(43) "State", a state of the United States, including the District of Columbia;

(44) "Tank vehicle", any commercial motor vehicle that is designed to transport any liquid or gaseous materials within a tank or tanks having an individual rated capacity of more than one hundred nineteen gallons and an aggregate rated capacity of one thousand gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or the chassis. A commercial motor vehicle transporting an empty storage container tank, not designed for transportation, with a rated capacity of one thousand gallons or more, that is temporarily attached to a flatbed trailer is not considered a tank vehicle;

(45) "Texting", manually entering alphanumeric text into, or reading text from, an electronic device. This action includes but is not limited to short message service, emailing, instant messaging, commanding or requesting access to a website, pressing more than a single button to initiate or terminate a voice communication using a mobile telephone, or engaging in any other form of electronic text retrieval or entry, for present or future communication. Texting does not include:

(a) Inputting, selecting, or reading information on a global positioning system or navigation system;

(b) Pressing a single button to initiate or terminate a voice communication using a mobile telephone; or

(c) Using a device capable of performing multiple functions (e.g., fleet management systems, dispatching devices, smart phones, citizens band radios, music players) for a purpose that is not otherwise prohibited in this part;

(46) "United States", the fifty states and the District of Columbia.

(L. 1989 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 3, A.L. 1991 H.B. 251, A.L. 1995 H.B. 717, A.L. 2003 H.B. 371, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al., A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2012 H.B. 1402 merged with S.B. 470 merged with S.B. 480 merged with S.B. 568, A.L. 2013 H.B. 103)


© Copyright

bottom Missouri General Assembly