Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 442
Titles and Conveyance of Real Estate
Section 442.015

August 28, 2013


Conveyance or encumbrance of manufactured homes, requirements--affidavit of affixation--deemed real estate, when--detachment or severance from real estate, effect of.

442.015. 1. For the purposes of this section, "manufactured home" means a manufactured home as defined in section 700.010. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for the purposes of 11 U.S.C. Section 1322(b)(2), a manufactured home shall be deemed to be real property. For the purposes of this section, a manufactured home is permanently affixed if it is anchored to real estate by attachment to a permanent foundation, constructed in accordance with applicable state and local building codes and manufacturer's specifications as provided in 24 CFR Part 3285, and connected to residential utilities, such as water, gas, electricity, or sewer or septic service.

2. To convey or voluntarily encumber a manufactured home as real estate, the following conditions shall be met:

(1) The manufactured home shall be permanently affixed to real estate;

(2) The ownership interests in the manufactured home and the real estate to which the manufactured home is or shall be permanently affixed shall be identical, provided, however, that the owner of the manufactured home, if not the owner of the real estate, is in possession of the real estate under the terms of a lease in recordable form that has a term that continues for at least twenty years after the date of execution, and the consent of the lessor of the real estate;

(3) The person or persons having an ownership interest in such manufactured home shall execute and record with the recorder of deeds of the county in which the real estate is located an affidavit of affixation as provided in subsection 3 of this section, and satisfy the other applicable requirements of this section; and

(4) Upon receipt of a certified copy of the affidavit of affixation, any person designated for filing the affidavit of affixation with the director of revenue under paragraph (h) of subdivision (1) of subsection 3 of this section shall file the certified copy of affidavit of affixation with the director of revenue as follows:

(a) In a case described in item (i) of subparagraph a. of paragraph (d) of subdivision (1) of subsection 3 of this section, the certified copy of the affidavit of affixation and the original manufacturer's certificate of origin, each as recorded in the county in which the real estate is located, shall be filed with the director of revenue under subsection 1 of section 700.111;

(b) In a case described in item (i) of subparagraph b. of paragraph (d) of subdivision (1) of subsection 3 of this section, the certified copy of the affidavit of affixation, as recorded in the county in which the real estate is located, and the original certificate of title shall be filed with the director of revenue under subsection 2 of section 700.111; and

(c) In a case described in item (ii) of subparagraph a. of paragraph (d) of subdivision (1), item (ii) of subparagraph b. of paragraph (d) of subdivision (1), or paragraph (f) of subdivision (1) of subsection 3 of this section, the certified copy of the affidavit of affixation, as recorded in the county in which the real estate is located and an application for confirmation of conversion shall be filed with the director of revenue under subsection 3 of section 700.111.

3. (1) An affidavit of affixation shall contain or be accompanied by:

(a) The name of the manufacturer, the make, the model name, the model year, the dimensions, and the manufacturer's serial number of the manufactured home, and whether the manufactured home is new or used;

(b) a. A statement that the party executing the affidavit is the owner of the real estate described therein; or

b. If not the owner of the real estate:

(i) A statement that the party executing the affidavit is in possession of the real estate under the terms of a lease in recordable form that has a term that continues for at least twenty years after the date of execution of the affidavit; and

(ii) The consent of the lessor of the real estate endorsed upon or attached to the affidavit and acknowledged or proved in the manner as to entitle a conveyance to be recorded;

(c) The street address and the legal description of the real estate to which the manufactured home is or shall be permanently affixed;

(d) a. If the manufactured home is not covered by a certificate of title, a statement by the owner to that effect, and either:

(i) A statement by the owner of the manufactured home that the manufactured home is covered by a manufacturer's certificate of origin, the date the manufacturer's certificate of origin was issued, the manufacturer's serial number, and a statement that annexed to the affidavit of affixation is the original manufacturer's certificate of origin for the manufactured home, duly endorsed to the owner of the manufactured home, and that the owner of the manufactured home shall surrender the manufacturer's certificate of origin to the director of revenue; or

(ii) A statement that the owner of the manufactured home, after diligent search and inquiry, is unable to produce the original manufacturer's certificate of origin for the manufactured home and that the owner of the manufactured home shall apply to the director of revenue for a confirmation of conversion of the manufactured home; or

b. If the manufactured home is covered by a certificate of title, either:

(i) A statement by the owner of the manufactured home that the manufactured home is covered by a certificate of title, the date the title was issued, the title number, and that the owner of the manufactured home shall surrender the title; or

(ii) A statement that the owner of the manufactured home, after diligent search and inquiry, is unable to produce the certificate of title for the manufactured home and that the owner of the manufactured home shall apply to the director of revenue for a confirmation of conversion of the manufactured home;

(e) A statement whether or not the manufactured home is subject to one or more security interests or liens and:

a. If the manufactured home is subject to one or more security interests or liens, the name and address of each party holding a security interest in or lien on the manufactured home, including but not limited to, each holder shown on any certificate of title issued by the director of revenue, if any, the original principal amount secured by each security interest or lien, and a statement that the security interest or lien shall be released; or

b. A statement that each security interest in or lien on the manufactured home, if any, has been released, together with due proof of each such release;

(f) If the manufactured home is covered by neither a manufacturer's certificate of origin nor a certificate of title, a statement by the owner of the manufactured home to that effect and that the owner of the manufactured home shall apply to the director of revenue for a confirmation of conversion of the manufactured home;

(g) A statement that the manufactured home is or shall be permanently affixed to the real estate; and

(h) The name and address of a person designated for filing the certified copy of the affidavit of affixation with the director of revenue, after it has been duly recorded in the real estate records, as provided in subsection 5 of this section.

(2) An affidavit of affixation shall be duly acknowledged or proved in like manner as to entitle a conveyance to be recorded, and when so acknowledged or proved and upon payment of the lawful fees therefor, the recorder of deeds shall immediately cause the affidavit of affixation and any attachments to be duly recorded and indexed in the same manner as other instruments affecting real property.

(3) The affidavit of affixation shall be accompanied by an applicable fee for recording and issuing a certified copy of such affidavit.

4. Neither the act of permanently affixing a manufactured home to real estate nor the recording of the affidavit of affixation shall impair the rights of any holder of a security interest in or lien on a manufactured home perfected as provided in section 700.350, unless and until the due filing with and acceptance by the director of revenue of an application to surrender the title as provided in subsection 2 of section 700.111, and the release of such security interest or lien as provided in section 700.370. Upon the filing of such a release, the security interest or lien perfected under section 700.350 is terminated.

5. The recorder of deeds shall deliver a certified copy of the affidavit of affixation and all attachments thereto to the person or party delivering the documents to the recorder for record. Upon receipt of a certified copy of the affidavit of affixation by the person designated therein, such person shall deliver for filing to the director of revenue such certified copy of the affidavit of affixation and the other documents as provided in subdivision (4) of subsection 2 of this section.

6. A manufactured home shall be deemed to be real estate when all of the following events have occurred:

(1) The manufactured home is permanently affixed to land as provided in subsection 1 of this section;

(2) An affidavit of affixation conforming to the requirements of subsection 3 of this section has been recorded in the conveyance records in the office of the county recorder in the county where the manufactured home is permanently affixed;

(3) A certified copy of the affidavit of affixation has been delivered for filing to the director of revenue as provided in subsection 5 of this section; and

(4) The requirements of subsections 1 to 3 of section 700.111, as applicable, have been satisfied.

7. Upon the satisfaction of the requirements of subsection 6 of this section, such manufactured home shall be deemed to be real estate; any mortgage, deed of trust, lien, or security interest which can attach to land, buildings erected thereon or fixtures affixed thereto shall attach as of the date of its recording in the same manner as if the manufactured home were built from ordinary building materials on site. Title to such manufactured home shall be transferred by deed or other form of conveyance that is effective to transfer an interest in real estate, together with the land to which such structure has been affixed. The manufactured home shall be deemed to be real estate and shall be governed by the laws applicable to real estate.

8. Except as provided in subsections 3, 5, 6, and 7 of this section, an affidavit of affixation is not necessary or effective to convey or encumber a manufactured home or to change the character of the manufactured home to real estate. No conveyance of land upon which is located a manufactured home for which no affidavit of affixation has been recorded or for which an affidavit of severance has been recorded shall effect a conveyance or transfer of any interest in said manufactured home. Any such conveyance or transfer of such manufactured home may only be made under the provisions of chapter 700 and any agreement by any party to the transaction whereby the requirements of this subsection are waived shall be void as contrary to public policy.

9. Nothing in this section shall impair any rights existing under law prior to August 28, 2010, of anyone claiming an interest in the manufactured home.

10. (1) If and when a manufactured home for which an affidavit of affixation has been recorded is detached or severed from the real estate to which it is affixed, the person or persons having an interest in the real estate shall record an affidavit of severance in the records of real property conveyances of the county in which the affidavit of affixation with respect to the manufactured home is recorded. The affidavit of severance shall contain or be accompanied by:

(a) The name, residence, and mailing address of the owner of the manufactured home;

(b) A description of the manufactured home including the name of the manufacturer, the make, the model name, the model year, the dimensions, and the manufacturer's serial number of the manufactured home and whether it is new or used;

(c) The book number, page number, and date of recordation of the affidavit of affixation;

(d) A statement:

a. Of any facts or information known to the party executing the affidavit that could affect the validity of the title of the manufactured home or the existence or nonexistence of a security interest in or lien on it; or

b. That no such facts or information are known to such party;

(e) A declaration by an attorney-at-law duly admitted to practice in the courts of the state of Missouri or an agent of a title insurance company duly licensed to issue policies of title insurance in the state of Missouri that:

a. The manufactured home is free and clear of, or has been released from, all recorded security interests, liens, and encumbrances; and

b. Any facts or information known to him or her that could affect the validity of the title of the manufactured home or the existence or nonexistence of a security interest in or lien on it; or

c. That no such facts or information are known to him or her; and

(f) The name and address of the person designated for filing the certified copy of the affidavit of severance with the director of revenue, after it has been duly recorded in the real estate records, as provided in subsection 11 of this section.

(2) The affidavit of severance shall be duly acknowledged or proved in like manner as to entitle a conveyance to be recorded, and when so acknowledged or proved and upon payment of the lawful fees therefor, such recorder of deeds shall immediately cause the affidavit of severance and any attachments thereto to be duly recorded and indexed in the same manner as other instruments affecting real property.

(3) The affidavit of severance shall also be accompanied by an applicable fee for recording and issuing a certified copy of such affidavit.

11. The recorder of deeds shall deliver a certified copy of the affidavit of severance to the person or party delivering the documents to the recorder for record. Upon receipt of a certified copy of the affidavit of severance, the person designated therein shall deliver such certified copy of the affidavit of severance and the other documents, as provided in subdivision (1) of subsection 10 of this section, to the director of revenue.

(L. 2010 S.B. 630)

Effective 3-01-11


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