Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 454
Enforcement of Support Law
Section 454.400

August 28, 2013


Division of child support enforcement established--duties, powers--rules, procedure.

454.400. 1. There is established within the department of social services the "Division of Child Support Enforcement" to administer the state plan for child support enforcement. The duty pursuant to the state plan to litigate or prosecute support actions shall be performed by the appropriate prosecuting attorney, or other attorney pursuant to a cooperative agreement with the department. The department shall fully utilize existing IV-A staff of the division of family services to perform child support enforcement duties approved by the United States Department of Health and Human Services and consistent with federal requirements as specified in P.L. 93-647 and 45 CFR, section 303.20.

2. In addition to the powers, duties and functions vested in the division of child support enforcement by other provisions of this chapter or by other laws of this state, the division of child support enforcement shall have the power:

(1) To sue and be sued;

(2) To make contracts and carry out the duties imposed upon it by this or any other law;

(3) To administer, disburse, dispose of and account for funds, commodities, equipment, supplies or services, and any kind of property given, granted, loaned, advanced to or appropriated by the state of Missouri for any of the purposes herein;

(4) To administer oaths, issue subpoenas for witnesses, examine such witnesses under oath, and make and keep a record of the same;

(5) To adopt, amend and repeal rules and regulations necessary or desirable to carry out the provisions of this chapter and which are not inconsistent with the constitution or laws of this state;

(6) To cooperate with the United States government in matters of mutual concern pertaining to any duties wherein the division of child support enforcement is acting as a state agency, including the adoption of such methods of administration as are found by the United States government to be necessary for the efficient operation of the state plan hereunder;

(7) To make such reports in such form and containing such information as the United States government may, from time to time, require, and comply with such provisions as the United States government may, from time to time, find necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports;

(8) To appoint, when and if it may deem necessary, advisory committees to provide professional or technical consultation in respect to child support enforcement problems and program administration. The members of such advisory committees shall receive no compensation for their services other than expenses actually incurred in the performance of their official duties. The number of members of each such advisory committee shall be determined by the division of child support enforcement, and such advisory committees shall consult with the division of child support enforcement in respect to problems and policies incident to the administration of the particular function germane to their respective field of competence;

(9) To initiate or cooperate with other agencies in developing measures for the enforcement of support obligations;

(10) To collect statistics, make special fact-finding studies and publish reports in reference to child support enforcement;

(11) To establish or cooperate in research or demonstration projects relative to child support enforcement and the welfare program which will help improve the administration and effectiveness of programs carried on or assisted pursuant to the federal Social Security Act and the programs related thereto;

(12) To accept gifts and grants of any property, real or personal, and to sell such property and expend such gifts or grants not inconsistent with the administration of the state plan for child support enforcement and within the limitations of the donor thereof;

(13) To review every three years or such shorter cycle as the division may establish, upon the request of the obligee, the obligor or if there is an assignment under Part A of the federal Social Security Act, upon the request of the division, obligee or obligor taking into account the best interest of the child, the adequacy of child support orders in IV-D cases to determine whether modification is appropriate pursuant to the guidelines established by supreme court rule 88.01, to establish rules pursuant to chapter 536, to define the procedure and frequency of such reviews, and to initiate proceedings for modification where such reviews determine that a modification is appropriate. This subdivision shall not be construed to require the division or its designees to represent the interests of an absent parent against the interests of a custodial parent or the state;

(14) To provide services relating to the establishment of paternity and the establishment, modification and enforcement of child support obligations. The division shall provide such services:

(a) Unless, as provided in this chapter, good cause or other exception exists, to each child for whom:

a. Assistance is provided under the state program funded under Part IV-A of the Social Security Act;

b. Benefits or services for foster care maintenance are provided under the state program funded under Part IV-E of the Social Security Act; or

c. Medical assistance is provided under the state plan approved under Title XIX of the Social Security Act; and

(b) To any other child, if an individual applies for such services with respect to such child;

(15) To enforce support obligations established with respect to:

(a) A child for whom the state provides services under the state plan for child support; or

(b) The custodial parent of a child;

(16) To enforce support orders against the parents of the noncustodial parent, jointly and severally, in cases where such parents have a minor child who is the parent and the custodial parent is receiving assistance under the state program funded under Part A of Title IV of the Social Security Act; and

(17) To prevent a child support debtor from fraudulently transferring property to avoid payment of child support. If the division has knowledge of such transfer, the division shall:

(a) Seek to void such transfer; or

(b) Obtain a settlement in the best interest of the child support creditor.

3. No rule or portion of a rule promulgated pursuant to the authority of this chapter shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.

(L. 1982 S.B. 468 1, A.L. 1985 H.B. 814, A.L. 1986 H.B. 1479, A.L. 1990 S.B. 834, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3, A.L. 1997 S.B. 361)

Effective 7-1-97


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