514.205. 1. In any civil action or part of a civil action pending before any division of any court of this state including the probate division of the circuit court, if the court finds after a hearing for such purpose that the cause was initiated, or a defense was asserted, or a motion was filed, or any proceeding therein was had frivolously and in bad faith, the court shall require the party who initiated such cause, asserted such defense, filed such motion, or caused such proceeding to be had to pay the other party named in such action the amount of the costs attributable thereto and the reasonable expenses incurred by the party opposing such cause, defense, motion, or proceeding, including reasonable attorney's fees and compensation of said party for the time reasonably required of the party to oppose such cause, defense, motion or proceeding. Nothing in this section shall be construed as creating any liability on the part of any attorney representing a party in the proceeding who in good faith acted at the specific direction of his client in initiating the case, asserting the defense, filing the motion, or causing the proceeding to be had.
2. The provisions of this section shall not apply to specific conduct occurring prior to September 28, 1985. The provisions of this section shall not apply to proceedings brought in the nature of a civil action where a convicted person seeks a judicial review of his conviction.
(L. 1985 S.B. 5, et al. § 2)
Missouri General Assembly