Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 198
Convalescent, Nursing and Boarding Homes
Section 198.006

August 28, 2013


Definitions.

198.006. As used in sections 198.003 to 198.186, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following terms mean:

(1) "Abuse", the infliction of physical, sexual, or emotional injury or harm;

(2) "Activities of daily living" or "ADL", one or more of the following activities of daily living:

(a) Eating;

(b) Dressing;

(c) Bathing;

(d) Toileting;

(e) Transferring; and

(f) Walking;

(3) "Administrator", the person who is in general administrative charge of a facility;

(4) "Affiliate":

(a) With respect to a partnership, each partner thereof;

(b) With respect to a limited partnership, the general partner and each limited partner with an interest of five percent or more in the limited partnership;

(c) With respect to a corporation, each person who owns, holds or has the power to vote five percent or more of any class of securities issued by the corporation, and each officer and director;

(d) With respect to a natural person, any parent, child, sibling, or spouse of that person;

(5) "Appropriately trained and qualified individual", an individual who is licensed or registered with the state of Missouri in a health care-related field or an individual with a degree in a health care-related field or an individual with a degree in a health care, social services, or human services field or an individual licensed under chapter 344 and who has received facility orientation training under 19 CSR 30-86042(18), and dementia training under section 660.050 and twenty-four hours of additional training, approved by the department, consisting of definition and assessment of activities of daily living, assessment of cognitive ability, service planning, and interview skills;

(6) "Assisted living facility", any premises, other than a residential care facility, intermediate care facility, or skilled nursing facility, that is utilized by its owner, operator, or manager to provide twenty-four-hour care and services and protective oversight to three or more residents who are provided with shelter, board, and who may need and are provided with the following:

(a) Assistance with any activities of daily living and any instrumental activities of daily living;

(b) Storage, distribution, or administration of medications; and

(c) Supervision of health care under the direction of a licensed physician, provided that such services are consistent with a social model of care;

Such term shall not include a facility where all of the residents are related within the fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity to the owner, operator, or manager of the facility;

(7) "Community-based assessment", documented basic information and analysis provided by appropriately trained and qualified individuals describing an individual's abilities and needs in activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, vision/hearing, nutrition, social participation and support, and cognitive functioning using an assessment tool approved by the department of health and senior services that is designed for community-based services and that is not the nursing home minimum data set;

(8) "Dementia", a general term for the loss of thinking, remembering, and reasoning so severe that it interferes with an individual's daily functioning, and may cause symptoms that include changes in personality, mood, and behavior;

(9) "Department", the Missouri department of health and senior services;

(10) "Emergency", a situation, physical condition or one or more practices, methods or operations which presents imminent danger of death or serious physical or mental harm to residents of a facility;

(11) "Facility", any residential care facility, assisted living facility, intermediate care facility, or skilled nursing facility;

(12) "Health care provider", any person providing health care services or goods to residents and who receives funds in payment for such goods or services under Medicaid;

(13) "Instrumental activities of daily living", or "IADL", one or more of the following activities:

(a) Preparing meals;

(b) Shopping for personal items;

(c) Medication management;

(d) Managing money;

(e) Using the telephone;

(f) Housework; and

(g) Transportation ability;

(14) "Intermediate care facility", any premises, other than a residential care facility, assisted living facility, or skilled nursing facility, which is utilized by its owner, operator, or manager to provide twenty-four-hour accommodation, board, personal care, and basic health and nursing care services under the daily supervision of a licensed nurse and under the direction of a licensed physician to three or more residents dependent for care and supervision and who are not related within the fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity to the owner, operator or manager of the facility;

(15) "Manager", any person other than the administrator of a facility who contracts or otherwise agrees with an owner or operator to supervise the general operation of a facility, providing such services as hiring and training personnel, purchasing supplies, keeping financial records, and making reports;

(16) "Medicaid", medical assistance under section 208.151, et seq., in compliance with Title XIX, Public Law 89-97, 1965 amendments to the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 301, et seq.), as amended;

(17) "Neglect", the failure to provide, by those responsible for the care, custody, and control of a resident in a facility, the services which are reasonable and necessary to maintain the physical and mental health of the resident, when such failure presents either an imminent danger to the health, safety or welfare of the resident or a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm would result;

(18) "Operator", any person licensed or required to be licensed under the provisions of sections 198.003 to 198.096 in order to establish, conduct or maintain a facility;

(19) "Owner", any person who owns an interest of five percent or more in:

(a) The land on which any facility is located;

(b) The structure or structures in which any facility is located;

(c) Any mortgage, contract for deed, or other obligation secured in whole or in part by the land or structure in or on which a facility is located; or

(d) Any lease or sublease of the land or structure in or on which a facility is located.

"Owner" does not include a holder of a debenture or bond purchased at public issue nor does it include any regulated lender unless the entity or person directly or through a subsidiary operates a facility;

(20) "Protective oversight", an awareness twenty-four hours a day of the location of a resident, the ability to intervene on behalf of the resident, the supervision of nutrition, medication, or actual provisions of care, and the responsibility for the welfare of the resident, except where the resident is on voluntary leave;

(21) "Resident", a person who by reason of aging, illness, disease, or physical or mental infirmity receives or requires care and services furnished by a facility and who resides or boards in or is otherwise kept, cared for, treated or accommodated in such facility for a period exceeding twenty-four consecutive hours;

(22) "Residential care facility", any premises, other than an assisted living facility, intermediate care facility, or skilled nursing facility, which is utilized by its owner, operator or manager to provide twenty-four-hour care to three or more residents, who are not related within the fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity to the owner, operator, or manager of the facility and who need or are provided with shelter, board, and with protective oversight, which may include storage and distribution or administration of medications and care during short-term illness or recuperation, except that, for purposes of receiving supplemental welfare assistance payments under section 208.030, only any residential care facility licensed as a residential care facility II immediately prior to August 28, 2006, and that continues to meet such licensure requirements for a residential care facility II licensed immediately prior to August 28, 2006, shall continue to receive after August 28, 2006, the payment amount allocated immediately prior to August 28, 2006, for a residential care facility II under section 208.030;

(23) "Skilled nursing facility", any premises, other than a residential care facility, an assisted living facility, or an intermediate care facility, which is utilized by its owner, operator or manager to provide for twenty-four-hour accommodation, board and skilled nursing care and treatment services to at least three residents who are not related within the fourth degree of consanguinity or affinity to the owner, operator or manager of the facility. Skilled nursing care and treatment services are those services commonly performed by or under the supervision of a registered professional nurse for individuals requiring twenty-four-hours-a-day care by licensed nursing personnel including acts of observation, care and counsel of the aged, ill, injured or infirm, the administration of medications and treatments as prescribed by a licensed physician or dentist, and other nursing functions requiring substantial specialized judgment and skill;

(24) "Social model of care", long-term care services based on the abilities, desires, and functional needs of the individual delivered in a setting that is more home-like than institutional and promotes the dignity, individuality, privacy, independence, and autonomy of the individual. Any facility licensed as a residential care facility II prior to August 28, 2006, shall qualify as being more home-like than institutional with respect to construction and physical plant standards;

(25) "Vendor", any person selling goods or services to a health care provider;

(26) "Voluntary leave", an off-premise leave initiated by:

(a) A resident that has not been declared mentally incompetent or incapacitated by a court; or

(b) A legal guardian of a resident that has been declared mentally incompetent or incapacitated by a court.

(L. 1979 S.B. 328, et al. 3, A.L. 1984 S.B. 451, A.L. 1987 S.B. 277, A.L. 2003 S.B. 534 merged with S.B. 556 & 311, A.L. 2006 S.B. 616)


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