Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 565
Offenses Against the Person
Section 565.063

August 28, 2013


Prior and persistent domestic violence offenders--definitions--sentencing--procedure at trial--evidence of prior convictions, proof, how heard--past history of domestic violence, evidence admissible.

565.063. 1. As used in this section, the following terms mean:

(1) "Domestic assault offense":

(a) The commission of the crime of domestic assault in the first degree or domestic assault in the second degree; or

(b) The commission of the crime of assault in the first degree or assault in the second degree if the victim of the assault was a family or household member;

(c) The commission of a crime in another state, or any federal, tribal, or military offense which, if committed in this state, would be a violation of any offense listed in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subdivision;

(2) "Family" or "household member", spouses, former spouses, adults related by blood or marriage, adults who are presently residing together or have resided together in the past and adults who have a child in common regardless of whether they have been married or have resided together at any time;

(3) "Persistent domestic violence offender", a person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of two or more domestic assault offenses, where such two or more offenses occurred within ten years of the occurrence of the domestic assault offense for which the person is charged; and

(4) "Prior domestic violence offender", a person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of one domestic assault offense, where such prior offense occurred within five years of the occurrence of the domestic assault offense for which the person is charged.

2. No court shall suspend the imposition of sentence as to a prior or persistent domestic violence offender pursuant to this section nor sentence such person to pay a fine in lieu of a term of imprisonment, section 557.011 to the contrary notwithstanding, nor shall such person be eligible for parole or probation until such person has served a minimum of six months' imprisonment.

3. The court shall find the defendant to be a prior domestic violence offender or persistent domestic violence offender, if:

(1) The indictment or information, original or amended, or the information in lieu of an indictment pleads all essential facts warranting a finding that the defendant is a prior domestic violence offender or persistent domestic violence offender; and

(2) Evidence is introduced that establishes sufficient facts pleaded to warrant a finding beyond a reasonable doubt the defendant is a prior domestic violence offender or persistent domestic violence offender; and

(3) The court makes findings of fact that warrant a finding beyond a reasonable doubt by the court that the defendant is a prior domestic violence offender or persistent domestic violence offender.

4. In a jury trial, such facts shall be pleaded, established and found prior to submission to the jury outside of its hearing.

5. In a trial without a jury or upon a plea of guilty, the court may defer the proof in findings of such facts to a later time, but prior to sentencing.

6. The defendant shall be accorded full rights of confrontation and cross-examination, with the opportunity to present evidence, at such hearings.

7. The defendant may waive proof of the facts alleged.

8. Nothing in this section shall prevent the use of presentence investigations or commitments.

9. At the sentencing hearing both the state and the defendant shall be permitted to present additional information bearing on the issue of sentence.

10. The pleas or findings of guilty shall be prior to the date of commission of the present offense.

11. The court shall not instruct the jury as to the range of punishment or allow the jury, upon a finding of guilty, to assess and declare the punishment as part of its verdict in cases of prior domestic violence offenders or persistent domestic violence offenders.

12. Evidence of prior convictions shall be heard and determined by the trial court out of the hearing of the jury prior to the submission of the case to the jury, and shall include but not be limited to evidence of convictions received by a search of the records of the Missouri uniform law enforcement system maintained by the Missouri state highway patrol. After hearing the evidence, the court shall enter its findings thereon.

13. Evidence of similar criminal convictions of domestic violence pursuant to this chapter, chapter 566, or chapter 568 within five years of the offense at issue, shall be admissible for the purposes of showing a past history of domestic violence.

14. Any person who has pleaded guilty to or been found guilty of a violation of section 565.072 shall be sentenced to the authorized term of imprisonment for a class A felony if the court finds the offender is a prior domestic violence offender. The offender shall be sentenced to the authorized term of imprisonment for a class A felony which term shall be served without probation or parole if the court finds the offender is a persistent domestic violence offender or the prior domestic violence offender inflicts serious physical injury on the victim.

15. Any person who has pleaded guilty to or been found guilty of a violation of section 565.073 shall be sentenced:

(1) To the authorized term of imprisonment for a class B felony if the court finds the offender is a prior domestic violence offender; or

(2) To the authorized term of imprisonment for a class A felony if the court finds the offender is a persistent domestic violence offender.

(L. 1998 H.B. 1918 1, 2, B, A.L. 2000 H.B. 1677, et al., A.L. 2009 H.B. 62)


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