566.147. 1. Any person who, since July 1, 1979, has been or hereafter has pleaded guilty or nolo contendere to, or been convicted of, or been found guilty of:
(1) Violating any of the provisions of this chapter or the provisions of subsection 2 of section 568.020, incest; section 568.045, endangering the welfare of a child in the first degree; subsection 2 of section 568.080, use of a child in a sexual performance; section 568.090, promoting a sexual performance by a child; section 573.023, sexual exploitation of a minor; section 573.025, promoting child pornography in the first degree; section 573.035, promoting child pornography in the second degree; section 573.037, possession of child pornography, or section 573.040, furnishing pornographic material to minors; or
(2) Any offense in any other state or foreign country, or under federal, tribal, or military jurisdiction which, if committed in this state, would be a violation listed in this section;
shall not reside within one thousand feet of any public school as defined in section 160.011, any private school giving instruction in a grade or grades not higher than the twelfth grade, any child care facility that is licensed under chapter 210, or any child care facility as defined in section 210.201 that is exempt from state licensure but subject to state regulation under section 210.252 and holds itself out to be a child care facility, where the school or facility is in existence at the time the individual begins to reside at the location.
2. If such person has already established a residence and a public school, a private school, or child care facility is subsequently built or placed within one thousand feet of such person's residence, then such person shall, within one week of the opening of such public school, private school, or child care facility, notify the county sheriff where such public school, private school, or child care facility is located that he or she is now residing within one thousand feet of such public school, private school, or child care facility and shall provide verifiable proof to the sheriff that he or she resided there prior to the opening of such public school, private school, or child care facility.
3. For purposes of this section, "resides" means sleeps in a residence, which may include more than one location and may be mobile or transitory.
4. Violation of the provisions of subsection 1 of this section is a class D felony except that the second or any subsequent violation is a class B felony. Violation of the provisions of subsection 2 of this section is a class A misdemeanor except that the second or subsequent violation is a class D felony.
(L. 2004 H.B. 1055, A.L. 2006 H.B. 1698, et al., A.L. 2008 S.B. 714, et al., A.L. 2009 H.B. 62, A.L. 2011 H.B. 111 merged with S.B. 250)
(2005) Iowa statute prohibiting persons who had committed criminal sex offenses against minors from residing within two thousand feet of school or child care facilities does not violate various federal constitutional provisions. Doe v. Miller, 405 F.3d 700 (8th Cir.).
(2008) Section imposing residency restrictions on sex offenders whose conduct predated effective date of section is unconstitutional as retrospective law. R. L. v. State of Missouri Department of Corrections, 245 S.W.3d 236 (Mo.banc).
(2010) Section prohibiting convicted sex offenders from residing within 1,000 feet of any school or child-care facility, as applied to person whose sex offense conviction predated the law's enactment, violates Article I, Section 13 provision prohibiting retrospective laws. F.R. v. St. Charles County Sheriff's Department, 301 S.W.3d 56 (Mo.banc).
Missouri General Assembly