Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 221
Jails and Jailers

August 28, 2013




Sheriffs to be jailers, exception, Clay County.

221.020. Except as otherwise provided in this section and sections 221.400 to 221.420, the sheriff of each county in this state shall have the custody, rule, keeping and charge of the jail within his county, and of all the prisoners in such jail, and may appoint a jailer under him, for whose conduct he shall be responsible. In any first class county without a charter form of government which contains all or part of a city with a population of at least three hundred thousand inhabitants, the sheriff and the county commission, by mutual agreement, may have the control of the county jail transferred to the county commission.

(RSMo 1939 9195, A. 1949 S.B. 1071, A.L. 1989 S.B. 196, A.L. 1994 S.B. 520)

Prior revisions: 1929 8526; 1919 12551; 1909 1573

Effective 7-6-94



Electronic monitoring permitted, when--credit of time against period of confinement.

221.025. 1. As an alternative to confinement, an individual may be placed on electronic monitoring pursuant to subsection 1 of section 544.455 or subsection 6 of section 557.011, with such terms and conditions as a court shall deem just and appropriate under the circumstances.

2. A judge may, in his or her discretion, credit any such period of electronic monitoring against any period of confinement or incarceration ordered, however, electronic monitoring shall not be considered to be in custody or incarceration for purposes of eligibility for the MO HealthNet program, nor shall it be considered confinement in a correctional center or private or county jail for purposes of determining responsibility for the individual's health care.

3. This section shall not authorize a court to place an individual on electronic monitoring in lieu of the required imprisonment, community service, or court-ordered treatment program involving community service, if that individual is a prior, persistent, aggravated, or chronic offender sentenced pursuant to section 577.023.

(L. 2011 H.B. 111)



Coroner to be jailer, when.

221.030. The sheriff may be imprisoned in the jail of his own county; and for the time that he shall be confined, the coroner shall have the custody, rule, keeping and charge of the said jail, and shall, by himself and his sureties, be answerable for the faithful discharge of his duties in that office.

(RSMo 1939 9221)

Prior revisions: 1929 8552; 1919 12577; 1909 1599



Sheriff and jailer to receive prisoners--penalty for refusal--medical exams required.

221.040. 1. It shall be the duty of the sheriff and jailer to receive, from constables and other officers, all persons who shall be apprehended by such constable or other officers, for offenses against this state, or who shall be committed to such jail by any competent authority; and if any sheriff or jailer shall refuse to receive any such person or persons, he or she shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined in the discretion of the court.

2. The sheriff and jailer shall not be required to receive or detain a prisoner in custody under subsection 1 of this section until the arresting constable or other officer has had the prisoner examined by a physician or competent medical personnel if the prisoner appears to be:

(1) Unconscious;

(2) Suffering from a serious illness;

(3) Suffering from a serious injury; or

(4) Seriously impaired by alcohol, a controlled substance as defined in section 195.017, a drug other than a controlled substance, or a combination of alcohol, a controlled substance, or drugs.

3. The cost of the examination and resulting treatment under subsection 2 of this section is the financial responsibility of the prisoner receiving the examination or treatment.

(RSMo 1939 9196, A.L. 2007 S.B. 22)

Prior revisions: 1929 8527; 1919 12552; 1909 1574



Persons under seventeen may not be confined in adult jails, exceptions--commitment to juvenile detention facilities, when.

221.044. No person under the age of seventeen years, except those transferred to the court of general jurisdiction under the provisions of section 211.071, shall be detained in a jail or other adult detention facility as that term is defined in section 211.151. A traffic court judge may request the juvenile court to order the commitment of a person under the age of seventeen to a juvenile detention facility.

(L. 1989 H.B. 502, et al.)



Separation of prisoners.

221.050. Persons confined in jails shall be separated and confined according to sex. Persons confined under civil process or for civil causes shall be kept separate from criminals.

(RSMo 1939 9197, 9198, A. 1949 S.B. 1071)

Prior revisions: 1929 8528, 8529; 1919 12553, 12554; 1909 1575, 1576



Prisoners to have certain privileges.

221.060. Every sheriff and jailer, and other person or persons whatsoever, to whose custody or keeping any person or persons shall be committed by virtue of any writ or process, or for any criminal offense, except on conviction for felony, shall make and post reasonable rules for the operation of the jail, and shall permit any such person committed to his care to obtain and use food and bedding at such person's expense within those rules as may be convenient and necessary for the proper operation of the jail or confinement facility.

(RSMo 1939 9204, A.L. 1972 S.B. 415)

Prior revisions: 1929 8535; 1919 12560; 1909 1582



Prisoners liable for cost of imprisonment--certification of outstanding debt.

221.070. 1. Every person who shall be committed to the common jail within any county in this state, by lawful authority, for any offense or misdemeanor, upon a plea of guilty or a finding of guilt for such offense, shall bear the expense of carrying him or her to said jail, and also his or her support while in jail, before he or she shall be discharged; and the property of such person shall be subjected to the payment of such expenses, and shall be bound therefor, from the time of his commitment, and may be levied on and sold, from time to time, under the order of the court having criminal jurisdiction in the county, to satisfy such expenses.

2. If a person has not paid all money owed to the county jail upon release from custody and has failed to enter into or honor an agreement with the sheriff to make payments toward such debt according to a repayment plan, the sheriff may certify the amount of the outstanding debt to the clerk of the court in which the case was determined. The circuit clerk shall report to the office of state courts administrator the debtor's full name, date of birth, and address, and the amount the debtor owes to the county jail. If the person subsequently satisfies the debt to the county jail or begins making regular payments in accordance with an agreement entered into with the sheriff, the sheriff shall notify the circuit clerk who then shall notify the state courts administrator that the person shall no longer be considered delinquent.

(RSMo 1939 9199, A.L. 2004 H.B. 1188, A.L. 2013 S.B. 42 merged with S.B. 75)

Prior revisions: 1929 8530; 1919 12555; 1909 1577



County commission to bear certain expenses.

221.080. Whenever because of the inclemency of the season, the sickness of the prisoner or other cause, the sheriff shall be of the opinion that fuel, additional clothes or bedding, are necessary for any prisoner committed to jail he shall furnish the same and the costs thereof shall be paid by the county commission in the same manner as other expenses of caring for prisoners in such jail.

(RSMo 1939 9202, A. 1949 S.B. 1071)

Prior revisions: 1929 8533; 1919 12558; 1909 1580



Private jails, defined--reports of possible criminal violations required--missing prisoners, requirements.

221.095. 1. For the purposes of this section, "private jail" shall mean a facility not owned or operated by the state, a county, or a municipality that confines or detains prisoners who are awaiting trial, awaiting sentencing, or serving a sentence in a jail. Such private jails shall be subject to all applicable state laws and local ordinances.

2. Any written report regarding any violation of a state criminal law that would result in a punishment of at least one year in prison shall contain the name and address of the private jail, the name of the prisoner or person who may have committed the law violation, information regarding the nature of the law violation, the name of the complainant, and other information which might be relevant.

3. The administrator of the private jail shall, in a timely manner, refer all reports of such law violations to local, state, or county law enforcement having jurisdiction over the area in which the private jail is located. The administrator and employees of the private jail shall cooperate with law enforcement in the investigation of the facts alleged in the report insofar as is consistent with the constitutional rights of all parties involved.

4. In the event that a prisoner is missing, the private jail shall take prompt and reasonable action to discover whether the prisoner has escaped. Upon learning that an escape has occurred, the private jail shall promptly notify the police department of the municipality, if any, in which the escape occurred and shall promptly notify the sheriff's department of the county in which the escape occurred and the Missouri state highway patrol. The private jail shall also notify any court or government agency from which an escaped prisoner or offender was referred. The private jail shall provide to the law enforcement agencies all available information known about the escape and the escapee.

5. Any person who makes a report under this section or who testifies in any administrative or judicial proceeding arising from the report shall be immune from any civil or criminal liability for making such a report or for testifying, except for liability for perjury, unless such person acted with malice.

(L. 2009 S.B. 44)



Private jails--prisoners to be confined separately, when--health care services, adequate care required--limitation on contracts with private jails.

221.097. 1. Persons confined in private jails shall be separated and confined according to gender. Persons confined under civil process or for civil causes, except those persons confined awaiting a determination on whether probation or parole will be revoked or continued, shall be kept separate from persons confined awaiting trial for criminal charges, awaiting sentencing for criminal charges, awaiting determination on whether probation or parole will be revoked or continued, or serving a sentence on a criminal investigation.

2. The administrator shall arrange for necessary health care services for persons confined in the private jail.

3. The administrator shall ensure that persons confined in the private jail have adequate clothing, food, and bedding. Deprivation of adequate clothing, food, or bedding shall not be used as a disciplinary action against any confined person.

4. No person confined in a private jail shall be used in any manner for the profit, betterment, or personal gain of any employee of the county or of any employee of the private jail.

5. Nothing in section 221.095 and this section shall create any new civil cause of action under Missouri law nor shall it be interpreted so as to conflict with the civil rights and constitutional rights of due process accorded to any person in any investigation of a crime or potential crime.

6. Any investigation of a report made under subsection 2 or 3 of section 221.095 shall be concluded in a timely manner by law enforcement and a written report of the conclusions shall be provided to the private jail.

7. The state or its political subdivisions shall not contract with any private jail to provide services, unless such private jail provides written documentation of its ability to indemnify the state or political subdivision for any liability which attaches to the state or political subdivision as a result of the contract or services provided under the contract. Such documentation shall demonstrate an ability to indemnify the state or political subdivision in an amount acceptable to the state or political subdivision.

(L. 2009 S.B. 44)



Canteen or commissary in county jail authorized--revenues to be kept in seperate account--fund created.

221.102. 1. The sheriff of any county may establish and operate a canteen or commissary in the county jail for the use and benefit of the inmates, prisoners, and detainees.

2. Each county jail shall keep revenues received from its canteen or commissary in a separate account. The acquisition cost of goods sold and other expenses shall be paid from this account. A minimum amount of money necessary to meet cash flow needs and current operating expenses may be kept in this account. The remaining funds from sales of each canteen or commissary shall be deposited into the "Inmate Prisoner Detainee Security Fund" and shall be expended for the purposes provided in subsection 3 of section 488.5026. The provisions of section 33.080 to the contrary notwithstanding, the money in the inmate prisoner detainee security fund shall be retained for the purposes specified in section 488.5026 and shall not revert or be transferred to general revenue.

(L. 2013 S.B. 42 merged with S.B. 75)



Boarding of prisoners--amount expended, how fixed, how paid, limit.

221.105. 1. The governing body of any county and of any city not within a county shall fix the amount to be expended for the cost of incarceration of prisoners confined in jails or medium security institutions. The per diem cost of incarceration of these prisoners chargeable by the law to the state shall be determined, subject to the review and approval of the department of corrections.

2. When the final determination of any criminal prosecution shall be such as to render the state liable for costs under existing laws, it shall be the duty of the sheriff to certify to the clerk of the circuit court or court of common pleas in which the case was determined the total number of days any prisoner who was a party in such case remained in the county jail. It shall be the duty of the county commission to supply the cost per diem for county prisons to the clerk of the circuit court on the first day of each year, and thereafter whenever the amount may be changed. It shall then be the duty of the clerk of the court in which the case was determined to include in the bill of cost against the state all fees which are properly chargeable to the state. In any city not within a county it shall be the duty of the superintendent of any facility boarding prisoners to certify to the chief executive officer of such city not within a county the total number of days any prisoner who was a party in such case remained in such facility. It shall be the duty of the superintendents of such facilities to supply the cost per diem to the chief executive officer on the first day of each year, and thereafter whenever the amount may be changed. It shall be the duty of the chief executive officer to bill the state all fees for boarding such prisoners which are properly chargeable to the state. The chief executive may by notification to the department of corrections delegate such responsibility to another duly sworn official of such city not within a county. The clerk of the court of any city not within a county shall not include such fees in the bill of costs chargeable to the state. The department of corrections shall revise its criminal cost manual in accordance with this provision.

3. Except as provided under subsection 6 of section 217.718, the actual costs chargeable to the state, including those incurred for a prisoner who is incarcerated in the county jail because the prisoner's parole or probation has been revoked or because the prisoner has, or allegedly has, violated any condition of the prisoner's parole or probation, and such parole or probation is a consequence of a violation of a state statute, or the prisoner is a fugitive from the Missouri department of corrections or otherwise held at the request of the Missouri department of corrections regardless of whether or not a warrant has been issued shall be the actual cost of incarceration not to exceed:

(1) Until July 1, 1996, seventeen dollars per day per prisoner;

(2) On and after July 1, 1996, twenty dollars per day per prisoner;

(3) On and after July 1, 1997, up to thirty-seven dollars and fifty cents per day per prisoner, subject to appropriations, but not less than the amount appropriated in the previous fiscal year.

(L. 1976 H.B. 1130 2, A.L. 1979 H.B. 93, A.L. 1986 H.B. 969, A.L. 1990 S.B. 558, A.L. 1991 H.B. 566, A.L. 1995 H.B. 424, A.L. 1996 S.B. 781, A.L. 2006 S.B. 870, A.L. 2012 H.B. 1525)



Delivery or concealment on premises of narcotics, liquor, or prohibited articles, penalties--visitation denied, when--personal items permitted to be posted.

221.111. 1. No person shall knowingly deliver, attempt to deliver, have in such person's possession, deposit or conceal in or about the premises of any county or private jail or other county correctional facility:

(1) Any controlled substance as that term is defined by law, except upon the written prescription of a licensed physician, dentist, or veterinarian;

(2) Any other alkaloid of any kind or any spiritous or malt liquor;

(3) Any article or item of personal property which a prisoner is prohibited by law or rule made pursuant to section 221.060 from receiving or possessing, except as herein provided;

(4) Any gun, knife, weapon, or other article or item of personal property that may be used in such manner as to endanger the safety or security of the institution or as to endanger the life or limb of any prisoner or employee thereof.

2. The violation of subdivision (1) of subsection 1 of this section shall be a class C felony; the violation of subdivision (2) of this section shall be a class D felony; the violation of subdivision (3) of this section shall be a class A misdemeanor; and the violation of subdivision (4) of this section shall be a class B felony.

3. The chief operating officer of a county jail or other county correctional facility or the administrator of a private jail may deny visitation privileges to or refer to the county prosecuting attorney for prosecution any person who knowingly delivers, attempts to deliver, has in such person's possession, deposits or conceals in or about the premises of such jail or facility any personal item which is prohibited by rule or regulation of such jail or facility. Such rules or regulations, including a list of personal items allowed in the jail or facility, shall be prominently posted for viewing both inside and outside such jail or facility in an area accessible to any visitor, and shall be made available to any person requesting such rule or regulation. Violation of this subsection shall be an infraction if not covered by other statutes.

(L. 1986 S.B. 450 221.110, A.L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218, A.L. 2009 S.B. 44)



Medicine and medical attention for prisoners, definitions.

221.120. 1. If any prisoner confined in the county jail is sick and in the judgment of the jailer, requires the attention of a physician, dental care, or medicine, the jailer shall procure the necessary medicine, dental care or medical attention necessary or proper to maintain the health of the prisoner. The costs of such medicine, dental care, or medical attention shall be paid by the prisoner through any health insurance policy as defined in subsection 3 of this section, from which the prisoner is eligible to receive benefits. If the prisoner is not eligible for such health insurance benefits then the prisoner shall be liable for the payment of such medical attention, dental care, or medicine, and the assets of such prisoner may be subject to levy and execution under court order to satisfy such expenses in accordance with the provisions of section 221.070, and any other applicable law. The county commission of the county may at times authorize payment of certain medical costs that the county commission determines to be necessary and reasonable. As used in this section, the term "medical costs" includes the actual costs of medicine, dental care or other medical attention and necessary costs associated with such medical care such as transportation, guards and inpatient care.

2. The county commission may, in their discretion, employ a physician by the year, to attend such prisoners, and make such reasonable charge for his service and medicine, when required, to be taxed and collected as provided by law.

3. As used in this section, the following terms mean:

(1) "Assets", property, tangible or intangible, real or personal, belonging to or due a prisoner or a former prisoner, including income or payments to such prisoner from Social Security, workers' compensation, veterans' compensation, pension benefits, previously earned salary or wages, bonuses, annuities, retirement benefits, compensation paid to the prisoner per work or services performed while a prisoner or from any other source whatsoever, including any of the following:

(a) Money or other tangible assets received by the prisoner as a result of a settlement of a claim against the state, any agency thereof, or any claim against an employee or independent contractor arising from and in the scope of the employee's or contractor's official duties on behalf of the state or any agency thereof;

(b) A money judgment received by the prisoner from the state as a result of a civil action in which the state, an agency thereof or any state employee or independent contractor where such judgment arose from a claim arising from the conduct of official duties on behalf of the state by the employee or subcontractor or for any agency of the state;

(c) A current stream of income from any source whatsoever, including a salary, wages, disability benefits, retirement benefits, pension benefits, insurance or annuity benefits, or similar payments; and

(2) "Health insurance policy", any group insurance policy providing coverage on an expense-incurred basis, any group service or indemnity contract issued by a not-for-profit health services corporation or any self-insured group health benefit plan of any type or description.

(RSMo 1939 9223, A.L. 1995 H.B. 424)

Prior revisions: 1929 8554; 1919 12579; 1909 1601



Repayment for medical care to be term of probation, parole or conditional release.

221.122. All persons placed upon probation, parole or conditional release from any county jail or county correctional facility shall upon request of the authority concerned, as a term of such county probation, parole, or conditional release, repay the county for medicine, dental care, or medical attention as provided in section 221.120.

(L. 1995 H.B. 424 6)



Contagious disease--certification of physician--order for removal.

221.130. Whenever the physician so employed shall certify to the county commission, or to the commissioner thereof in vacation, that any prisoner so confined is sick of any contagious or infectious disorder, liable to be communicated to other prisoners, such commission, or any two commissioners thereof in vacation, may make an order directing the sheriff or marshal to remove such prisoner from such jail and provide for his safekeeping elsewhere, until he can be recommitted to jail without endangering the health of other prisoners.

(RSMo 1939 9224)

Prior revisions: 1929 8555; 1919 12580; 1909 1602



Shackling of prisoner, how paid.

221.150. The county commission of any county in which a prisoner may be confined, whenever satisfied of the necessity of so doing, may make an allowance for placing such prisoner under irons, which shall be paid out of the treasury of the county in which the cause originated.

(RSMo 1939 4235, A. 1949 S.B. 1071)

Prior revisions: 1929 3840; 1919 4183; 1909 5391



Criminal costs, how paid.

221.160. The expenses of imprisonment of any criminal prisoner, such as accrue before conviction, shall be paid in the same manner as other costs of prosecution are directed to be paid; and those which accrue after conviction shall be paid as is directed by the law regulating criminal proceedings.

(RSMo 1939 9203)

Prior revisions: 1929 8534; 1919 12559; 1909 1581



Prisoners, leave from jail, when--compensation earned on leave, how applied--three-fourths rule (certain cities and counties).

221.170. 1. Any person sentenced to a county jail in a county of the first class or second class or to the city jail or workhouse of any city with a population of five hundred thousand or more for crime, nonpayment of a fine or forfeiture, or contempt of court may be granted the privilege of leaving the jail during necessary and reasonable hours for any of the following purposes:

(1) Working at his employment; or

(2) Conducting his own business or other self-employed occupation, and in the case of a woman for the purpose of housekeeping and attending the needs of her family; or

(3) Attendance at an educational institution; or

(4) Obtaining medical treatment; or

(5) Visiting prospective employers at prearranged interviews.

2. Unless the privilege is expressly granted by the sentencing court, the prisoner is sentenced to ordinary confinement. The prisoner may petition the sentencing court for the privilege at the time of sentence or thereafter, and in the discretion of the sentencing court may renew his petition. The sentencing court may withdraw the privilege at any time by order entered with or without notice.

3. The sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, shall endeavor to secure employment for unemployed prisoners sentenced under this section. If a prisoner is employed for wages or salary the sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, shall collect the same or require the prisoner to turn over his wages or salary in full when received, and the sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, shall deposit the same in a trust checking account and shall keep a ledger showing the status of the account of each prisoner. The wages or salary are not subject to garnishment in the hands of either the employer or the sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, during the prisoner's term, and shall be disbursed as provided in this section; but for tax purposes they are income of the prisoner.

4. Every prisoner gainfully employed under this section is liable for the cost of his board. If necessarily absent from jail at a meal time he shall upon request be furnished with an adequate nourishing lunch to carry to work. The sheriff shall charge his account, if he has one, for the board. If the prisoner is gainfully self-employed he shall pay the sheriff for the board, in default of which his privilege under this section is automatically forfeited.

5. By order of the sentencing court, the wages of employed prisoners shall be disbursed by the sheriff for the following purposes:

(1) The board of the prisoner;

(2) Necessary travel expenses to and from work and other incidental expenses of the prisoner;

(3) Support of the prisoner's dependents, if any;

(4) Payment, either in full or ratably, of the prisoner's obligations acknowledged by him in writing or which have been reduced to judgment;

(5) The balance, if any, to the prisoner upon his discharge.

6. The court may by order authorize the sheriff to whom the prisoner is committed to arrange with another sheriff for the employment of the prisoner in the other's county, and while so employed to be and continue subject to the commitment.

7. The county commission or governing body may, if the sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, requests it, by resolution direct that all functions of the sheriff of the county or the warden of the city, whichever the case may be, under subsection 3 or 5 or both be performed by the county or city welfare office; or, if the county commission or governing body has not so directed, the sentencing court may order that the prisoner's earnings be collected and disbursed by the clerk of the sentencing court. The order shall remain in force until rescinded by the county commission or governing body or the sentencing court, whichever made it.

8. The county welfare office shall at the request of the sentencing court investigate and report to the sentencing court the amount necessary for the support of the prisoner's dependents.

9. The sheriff may refuse to permit the prisoner to exercise his privilege to leave the jail as provided in this section for not to exceed five consecutive days for any breach of discipline or other violation of jail regulations.

10. Any prisoner granted privileges pursuant to this section who serves three-fourths of the time for which he may have been sentenced in an orderly and peaceable manner shall be discharged in the same manner as if the prisoner had served the full time for which sentenced.

11. In the case of a violation of the law or jail regulations, the prisoner shall be returned to the sentencing court; and it may require that the balance of his sentence be spent in actual confinement and may cancel any earned diminution of his term.

12. Any county may suspend the operation of this section by resolution or ordinance when proper facilities are not available.

13. The county commissions of all other counties of the state shall have the power to provide for the employment, under such rules and regulations and under such terms as they may prescribe, of all persons convicted of an offense under the statutes of this state, and who may be sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail, or who may be committed to the county jail for nonpayment of fine; and the amount so received for the services of such person so hired shall be applied upon the judgment against him.

(RSMo 1939 13771, A.L. 1961 p. 265, A.L. 1973 S.B. 80)



Jail of another county to be used, when.

221.230. It shall be lawful for the sheriff of any county of this state, when there shall appear to be no jail, or where the jail of such county shall be insufficient, to commit any person or persons in his custody, either on civil or criminal process, to the nearest jail of some other county; and it is hereby made the duty of the sheriff or keeper of the jail of said county to receive such person or persons, so committed as aforesaid, and him, her or them safely keep, subject to the order or orders of the judge of the court for the county from whence said prisoner was brought.

(RSMo 1939 9214)

Prior revisions: 1929 8545; 1919 12570; 1909 1592



Sheriff to take prisoners before circuit court.

221.240. When any person shall be committed to jail, in conformity to section 221.230, it shall be the duty of the sheriff of the county in which said jail is situated to take, or cause to be taken, the person thus committed, together with the day and cause of his capture and detention, before the circuit court of the county appointed for the trial of such prisoner, at such time as the cause is set for trial and at such other times as the court shall direct.

(RSMo 1939 9215, A.L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Prior revisions: 1929 8546; 1919 12571; 1909 1593

Effective 1-2-79



Failure of sheriff to comply with section 221.240--penalty.

221.250. Any sheriff who fails or neglects to take a prisoner before the court as provided in section 221.240, shall be deemed guilty of contempt of court and shall be committed to the county jail and confined, without bail, until he shall comply with the statute. The court, in its discretion, may remove such sheriff from office and render him incapable of holding or executing such office thereafter. The sheriff shall forfeit to the prisoner or party aggrieved a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, to be recovered by the prisoner or party aggrieved, his executors or administrators, in a civil action founded upon this statute.

(RSMo 1939 9217, 9218, A. 1949 S.B. 1071)

Prior revisions: 1929 8548, 8549; 1919 12573, 12574; 1090 1595, 1596



Commitment from another county, expenses, how paid.

221.260. In all cases where a person is committed from another county for a criminal offense under this chapter, such county, or the prisoner, or the state, shall pay the expenses, in the same manner as if the commitment had been in the county where the offense was committed; and in civil suits, the plaintiff or defendant, or the prisoner, shall pay the expenses, in the same manner as if the imprisonment had taken place in the county where the suit commenced.

(RSMo 1939 9220)

Prior revisions: 1929 8551; 1919 12576; 1909 1598



Jailer to receive and keep United States prisoners.

221.270. It shall be the duty of the keeper of the jail in every county within this state to receive into his custody any prisoner or prisoners who may be from time to time committed to his charge, under authority of the United States, and to safely keep every such prisoner or prisoners, according to the warrant or receipt of such commitment, until he or they shall be discharged by due course of law of the United States.

(RSMo 1939 9207)

Prior revisions: 1929 8538; 1919 12563; 1909 1585



Penalty for failure to receive and keep United States prisoners.

221.280. The keeper of every jail aforesaid shall be subject to the same pains and penalties, for any neglect or failure of duty therein, as he would be subject to by the laws of the state for the like neglect or failure in the case of a prisoner committed under the authority of the said laws.

(RSMo 1939 9208)

Prior revisions: 1929 8539; 1919 12564; 1909 1586



United States to pay for use of jails.

221.290. The United States shall pay for the use and keeping of such jails, at the rate of one dollar per month for each person that shall, under their authority, be committed thereto, and also to the jailer such fees as he would be entitled to for like services rendered in virtue of the existing laws of this state, during the time such prisoner shall be therein confined, and shall support such of said prisoners as shall be committed for offenses.

(RSMo 1939 9209)

Prior revisions: 1929 8540; 1919 12565; 1909 1587



Grand jury to visit jail, when.

221.300. It shall be the duty of the grand jury, at each term, or a committee, to consist of at least three members thereof, to visit the jail of their county, and examine the condition thereof, and inquire into the treatment of the prisoners, and make report thereof to the court.

(RSMo 1939 9205)

Prior revisions: 1929 8536; 1919 12561; 1909 1583



Humane treatment of prisoners.

221.310. It is hereby made the special duty of the court having criminal jurisdiction, at each term, to inquire and see that all prisoners are humanely treated.

(RSMo 1939 9206)

Prior revisions: 1929 8537; 1919 12562; 1909 1584



Board of visitors--appointment--terms.

221.320. In each county of the state the presiding judge of the circuit court, or such other judge or judges as may be determined by local circuit court rule, may, upon the petition of fifteen reputable citizens or upon the motion of a majority of the court en banc, appoint six persons, three of whom shall be women, and not more than three shall have the same political affiliations, who shall constitute a board of county visitors, all of whom, upon the fixed appointment, shall serve for one year and shall constitute the board of visitors for the inspection of all corrective institutions supported by such county. The members of the board shall serve without compensation and shall enjoy the same immunity from lawsuits as judicial officers.

(RSMo 1939 9586, A.L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 2003 S.B. 184)

Prior revisions: 1929 12946; 1919 12195; 1909 1329



Organization of board.

221.330. The persons appointed as members of the board of county visitors, within one week after receiving notice of appointment, shall meet at some convenient place, and organize by electing a chairman and secretary from their own number. The secretary shall file a report of such organization, signed by him or herself, and by the said chairman, with the clerk of the circuit court of the county.

(RSMo 1939 9587)

Prior revisions: 1929 12947; 1919 12196; 1909 1330



Duties of board.

221.340. It shall be the duty of such board of visitors, by personal visitation or otherwise, to keep themselves fully advised of the conditions and management of all corrective institutions, supported wholly or in part by county or municipal taxation, or which are under county or municipal control, and especially the county jails. They shall examine every department of each institution, and shall ascertain its condition as to effective and economical administration, the cleanliness, discipline and comfort of its inmates and other respects, and at least once in every three months all of said institutions shall be visited by said board or a committee of its members. In case the said board or one of its committees shall find any state of things in any institution, which in their opinion shall be injurious to the county or to the inmates of the institution, or which is contrary to good order and public policy, it shall be their duty to address a memorial to the presiding judge, sheriff, and county commission, or other officials having jurisdiction, in which memorial they shall set forth the facts observed and shall suggest such remedies as in their judgment may be necessary.

(RSMo 1939 9588, A.L. 2003 S.B. 184)

Prior revisions: 1929 12948; 1919 12197; 1909 1331



Board to make yearly report.

221.350. The board of county visitors each year shall prepare a full report of their proceedings during the year, with such recommendations as they may deem advisable, and shall file the same with the presiding judge of the circuit court, sheriff, and county commission. Whenever the board of county visitors shall present a memorial or report to the county commission or to the judge of the circuit court, they shall, at the same time, transmit a copy of the same to the sheriff of the county.

(RSMo 1939 9589, A.L. 2003 S.B. 184)

Prior revisions: 1929 12949; 1919 12198; 1909 1332



Damage to jail property, class D felony.

221.353. 1. A person commits the crime of damage to jail property if such person knowingly damages any city, county, or private jail building or other jail property.

2. A person commits the crime of damage to jail property if such person knowingly starts a fire in any city, county, or private jail building or other jail property.

3. Damage to jail property is a class D felony.

(L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218, A.L. 2009 S.B. 44)



Regional jail districts may be established, procedure, contents, holding of prisoners.

221.400. 1. Any two or more contiguous counties within the state may form an agreement to establish a regional jail district. The district shall have a boundary which includes the areas within each member county, and it shall be named the "........... Regional Jail District". Such regional jail districts may contract to carry out the mission of the commission and the regional jail district.

2. The county commission of each county desiring to join the district shall approve an ordinance or resolution to join the district and shall approve the agreement which specifies the duties of each county within the district.

3. If any county wishes to join a district which has already been established under this section, the agreement shall be rewritten and reapproved by each member county.

4. The agreement which specifies the duties of each county shall contain the following:

(1) The name of the district;

(2) The names of the counties within the district;

(3) The formula for calculating each county's contribution to the costs of the district;

(4) The types of prisoners which the regional jail may house, limited to prisoners which may be transferred to counties under state law;

(5) The methods and powers which may be used for constructing, leasing or financing a regional jail;

(6) The duties of the director of the regional jail;

(7) The timing and procedures for approval of the regional jail district's annual budget by the regional jail commission; and

(8) The delegation, if any, by the member counties to the regional jail district of the power of eminent domain.

5. Any county, city, town or village may contract with a regional jail commission for the holding of its prisoners.

(L. 1994 S.B. 520, A.L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



Regional jail districts, powers.

221.402. In addition to the powers granted to the district by its member counties under the agreement, the district has all the powers necessary or appropriate to carry out its purposes, including, but not limited to, the following:

(1) To adopt bylaws and rules for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business;

(2) To adopt an official seal;

(3) To maintain an office at such place or places in one or more of the member counties as the commission may designate;

(4) To sue and be sued;

(5) To make and execute leases, contracts, releases, compromises and other instruments necessary or convenient for the exercise of its powers or to carry out its purposes;

(6) To acquire, construct, reconstruct, repair, alter, improve, and extend jail facilities;

(7) To sell, assign, mortgage, grant a security interest in, exchange, donate and convey any or all of its properties whenever the commission finds such action to be in furtherance of the district's purposes;

(8) To collect rentals, fees and other charges in connection with its services or for the use of any facilities;

(9) To issue its bonds, notes or other obligations for any of its corporate purposes and to refund the same.

(L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



Commission--members, vacancies, budget.

221.405. 1. Any regional jail district created pursuant to section 221.400 shall be governed by a commission. The commission shall be composed of the sheriff and presiding commissioner from each county within the district.

2. Each commissioner shall serve during his tenure as sheriff or as presiding commissioner.

3. Commissioners shall serve until their successors have been duly appointed. Vacancies on the commission shall be filled by the succeeding sheriff or presiding commissioner for the remainder of the term.

4. Commissioners shall serve without compensation, except that they shall be reimbursed by the district for their reasonable and necessary expenses in the performance of their duties.

5. A jail commissioner from each county in the district shall present a proposed budget to the county commission.

(L. 1994 S.B. 520, A.L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



Regional jail district sales tax authorized, ballot language--special trust fund established--expiration date.

221.407. 1. The commission of any regional jail district may impose, by order, a sales tax in the amount of one-eighth of one percent, one-fourth of one percent, three-eighths of one percent, or one-half of one percent on all retail sales made in such region which are subject to taxation pursuant to the provisions of sections 144.010 to 144.525 for the purpose of providing jail services and court facilities and equipment for such region. The tax authorized by this section shall be in addition to any and all other sales taxes allowed by law, except that no order imposing a sales tax pursuant to this section shall be effective unless the commission submits to the voters of the district, on any election date authorized in chapter 115, a proposal to authorize the commission to impose a tax.

2. The ballot of submission shall contain, but need not be limited to, the following language:

Shall the regional jail district of .................... (counties' names) impose a region-wide sales tax of .................. (insert amount) for the purpose of providing jail services and court facilities and equipment for the region?

YES NO

If you are in favor of the question, place an "X" in the box opposite "Yes". If you are opposed to the question, place an "X" in the box opposite "No".

If a majority of the votes cast on the proposal by the qualified voters of the district voting thereon are in favor of the proposal, then the order and any amendment to such order shall be in effect on the first day of the second quarter immediately following the election approving the proposal. If the proposal receives less than the required majority, the commission shall have no power to impose the sales tax authorized pursuant to this section unless and until the commission shall again have submitted another proposal to authorize the commission to impose the sales tax authorized by this section and such proposal is approved by the required majority of the qualified voters of the district voting on such proposal; however, in no event shall a proposal pursuant to this section be submitted to the voters sooner than twelve months from the date of the last submission of a proposal pursuant to this section.

3. All revenue received by a district from the tax authorized pursuant to this section shall be deposited in a special trust fund and shall be used solely for providing jail services and court facilities and equipment for such district for so long as the tax shall remain in effect.

4. Once the tax authorized by this section is abolished or terminated by any means, all funds remaining in the special trust fund shall be used solely for providing jail services and court facilities and equipment for the district. Any funds in such special trust fund which are not needed for current expenditures may be invested by the commission in accordance with applicable laws relating to the investment of other county funds.

5. All sales taxes collected by the director of revenue pursuant to this section on behalf of any district, less one percent for cost of collection which shall be deposited in the state's general revenue fund after payment of premiums for surety bonds as provided in section 32.087, shall be deposited in a special trust fund, which is hereby created, to be known as the "Regional Jail District Sales Tax Trust Fund". The moneys in the regional jail district sales tax trust fund shall not be deemed to be state funds and shall not be commingled with any funds of the state. The director of revenue shall keep accurate records of the amount of money in the trust fund which was collected in each district imposing a sales tax pursuant to this section, and the records shall be open to the inspection of officers of each member county and the public. Not later than the tenth day of each month the director of revenue shall distribute all moneys deposited in the trust fund during the preceding month to the district which levied the tax. Such funds shall be deposited with the treasurer of each such district, and all expenditures of funds arising from the regional jail district sales tax trust fund shall be paid pursuant to an appropriation adopted by the commission and shall be approved by the commission. Expenditures may be made from the fund for any function authorized in the order adopted by the commission submitting the regional jail district tax to the voters.

6. The director of revenue may authorize the state treasurer to make refunds from the amounts in the trust fund and credited to any district for erroneous payments and overpayments made, and may redeem dishonored checks and drafts deposited to the credit of such districts. If any district abolishes the tax, the commission shall notify the director of revenue of the action at least ninety days prior to the effective date of the repeal, and the director of revenue may order retention in the trust fund, for a period of one year, of two percent of the amount collected after receipt of such notice to cover possible refunds or overpayment of the tax and to redeem dishonored checks and drafts deposited to the credit of such accounts. After one year has elapsed after the effective date of abolition of the tax in such district, the director of revenue shall remit the balance in the account to the district and close the account of that district. The director of revenue shall notify each district in each instance of any amount refunded or any check redeemed from receipts due the district.

7. Except as provided in this section, all provisions of sections 32.085 and 32.087 shall apply to the tax imposed pursuant to this section.

8. The provisions of this section shall expire September 30, 2015.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1078)

Expires 9-30-15



Powers, duties.

221.410. Except as provided in sections 221.400 to 221.420 the regional jail commission shall have the following powers and duties:

(1) It shall implement the agreement approved by the counties within the district under section 221.400;

(2) It shall determine the means to establish a regional jail for the district;

(3) It shall appoint a director for the regional jail;

(4) It shall determine the initial budget for the regional jail and shall approve, after a review and a majority of the commissioners concurring therein, all subsequent budgets, for which proposals may be submitted by the director;

(5) It may determine the policies for the housing of prisoners within the regional jail;

(6) It may buy, lease or sell real property for the purpose of establishing a regional jail, and it may contract with public or private entities for the planning and acquisition of a jail;

(7) It may contract with the department of corrections and with cities and other counties in this state for the housing of prisoners;

(8) It shall approve all positions to be created for the purpose of administering the regional jail; and

(9) It shall approve a location for the regional jail which is generally central to the district.

(L. 1994 S.B. 520, A.L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



Director, duties--salary.

221.415. 1. The director appointed by the regional jail commission shall administer the regional jail.

2. The director shall be paid a salary determined by the regional jail commission, and the director shall hire other officers and employees for positions that are authorized by the commission.

(L. 1994 S.B. 520)

Effective 7-6-94



Use of regional jail, purpose--county may keep its own jail.

221.420. 1. The regional jail established under sections 221.400 to 221.420 may be used to hold prisoners who have pled guilty or been found guilty or prisoners who are being held prior to or during trial.

2. Each county within the regional jail district may keep its own jail for holding any prisoners who have pled guilty or been found guilty or who are being held prior to or during trial.

(L. 1994 S.B. 520)

Effective 7-6-94



Regional jail district solely liable for its debts--income exempt from state taxes.

221.425. 1. All bonds, notes and other obligations of the district are payable solely out of the contributions made by the member counties or from revenues and receipts derived from the operation of the district's facilities.

2. All obligations of the district constitute negotiable instruments.

3. Obligations of the district shall not be deemed a debt, liability or pledge of the faith and credit of the state, of any member county, or of any other political subdivision of the state. The issuance of district obligations shall not, directly, indirectly or contingently, obligate the state, a member county or any other political subdivision to levy any form of taxation or to make any appropriation for their payment.

4. The district is declared to be performing a public function on behalf of the member counties and to be a public instrumentality of such counties. Accordingly:

(1) The income of the district and all properties owned by the district are exempt from all taxation in the state of Missouri;

(2) For the purposes of section 409.402, obligations of the district are deemed to be securities issued by a public instrumentality or political subdivision of the state of Missouri; and

(3) Interest on obligations of the district is exempt from income taxation by the state of Missouri.

(L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



District income, distribution upon dissolution.

221.430. No income of the district shall inure to the benefit of any private person. Upon dissolution of the district, all the district's assets shall be distributed among the member counties.

(L. 1997 S.B. 89 merged with S.B. 218)



Construction bids for a minimum security facility--commissioner of administration to contract with.

221.500. 1. The commissioner of administration is authorized to enter into a contract with a developer for the design and construction of a minimum security correctional facility in any city located within at least four counties.

2. The commissioner shall advertise for proposers in accordance with the requirements of section 8.250. The commissioner shall select the five most qualified design and construction teams and ask each of the five to submit a schematic design proposal for the facility along with a detailed construction bid. The commissioner shall select the proposer who provides the lowest and best proposal based on the preestablished criteria.

(L. 1997 H.B. 823 1)

Effective 7-14-97



MULES to be notified of escape of a dangerous felon from certain jails and detention facilities, when, information to be included.

221.503. 1. As soon as reasonably possible, but in no case more than five hours after a person who has been convicted of murder in the first degree or a dangerous felony as defined in section 556.061 or who is being held on suspicion of having committed murder in the first degree or a dangerous felony as defined in section 556.061 has escaped from a municipal detention facility, county jail, regional jail, or private jail, the chief law enforcement official responsible for such jail or detention facility or the chief administrator in the case of a private jail shall cause notification of the escape to be made to the Missouri uniform law enforcement system (MULES).

2. The notification required by this section may include the name of the escaped individual, any facts relevant to identifying the escaped individual, including but not limited to a physical description, a photograph or video of such individual, a description of any mode of transportation such individual is believed to be using, and a description of any person believed to be assisting such person in the escape, if any. The notification shall also include the crimes for which the person was incarcerated in the jail or detention facility and contact information for the jail or detention facility which can be used by any person to report any information concerning the whereabouts of the escaped person.

(L. 2011 H.B. 38)



Pending outstanding warrants in MULES and NCIC systems, inquiry conducted, when (Jake's Law).

221.510. 1. Every chief law enforcement official, sheriff, jailer, administrator of a private jail, department of corrections official and regional jail district official shall conduct an inquiry of pending outstanding warrants for misdemeanors and felonies through the Missouri Uniform Law Enforcement System (MULES) and the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) System on all prisoners about to be released, whether convicted of a crime or being held on suspicion of charges.

2. No prisoner, whether convicted of a crime or being held on suspicion of any charge, shall be released or transferred from a correctional facility or jail to any other facility prior to having a local, state or federal warrant check conducted by a law enforcement official, sheriff, authorized member of a correctional facility or jail, or administrator of a private jail.

3. If any prisoner warrant check indicates outstanding charges or outstanding warrants from another jurisdiction, it shall be the duty of the official conducting the warrant check to inform the agency that issued the warrant that the correctional facility or jail has such prisoner in custody. That prisoner shall not be released except to the custody of the jurisdictional authority that had issued the warrant, unless the warrant has been satisfied or dismissed, or unless the warrant issuing agency has notified the correctional facility or jail holding the prisoner that the agency does not wish the prisoner to be transferred or the warrant to be pursued.

4. If any person has actual knowledge that a violation of this section is occurring or has occurred, such person may report the information to the attorney general of the state of Missouri, who may appoint a sheriff of another county to investigate the report.

5. If a law enforcement official, sheriff, authorized member of the correctional facility or jail, or administrator of a private jail purposely fails to perform a warrant check with the intent to release a prisoner with outstanding warrants and which results in the release of a prisoner with outstanding warrants, that individual shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

6. A law enforcement official, sheriff, authorized member of the correctional facility or jail, or administrator of a private jail shall not be deemed to have purposely failed to perform a warrant check with the intent to release a prisoner in violation of this section, if he or she is unable to complete the warrant check because the MULES or NCIC computer systems were not accessible.

(L. 2001 H.B. 144 & 46, A.L. 2009 S.B. 44)



Jailers authorized to serve arrest warrants on inmates--jailers may carry firearms, when--escaped prisoners, power of jailer to arrest.

221.515. 1. Any person designated a jailer under the provisions of this chapter shall have the power to serve civil process and arrest warrants on any person who surrenders himself or herself to the facility under an arrest warrant or is already an inmate in the custody of the facility in or at which such jailer is employed.

2. Under the rules and regulations of the sheriff, employees designated as jailers may carry firearms when necessary for the proper discharge of their duties as jailers in this state under the provisions of this chapter.

3. Such persons authorized to act by the sheriff as jailers under the rules and regulations of the sheriff shall have the same power as granted any other law enforcement officers in this state to arrest escaped prisoners and apprehend all persons who may be aiding and abetting such escape while in the custody of the sheriff in accordance with state law.

(L. 2006 H.B. 1204 merged with S.B. 785, A.L. 2008 H.B. 1550)

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