Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 307
Vehicle Equipment Regulations

August 28, 2013




Loads which might become dislodged to be secured--failure, penalty.

307.010. 1. All motor vehicles, and every trailer and semitrailer operating upon the public highways of this state and carrying goods or material or farm products which may reasonably be expected to become dislodged and fall from the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer as a result of wind pressure or air pressure and/or by the movement of the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer shall have a protective cover or be sufficiently secured so that no portion of such goods or material can become dislodged and fall from the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer while being transported or carried.

2. Operation of a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer in violation of this section shall be a class C misdemeanor, and any person convicted thereof shall be punished as provided by law.

(L. 1967 p. 417 1, 2, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Certain motor vehicles, mud flaps required--violation, penalty.

307.015. 1. Trucks, semitrailers, and trailers, except utility trailers, without rear fenders, attached to a commercial motor vehicle registered for over twenty-four thousand pounds shall be equipped with mud flaps for the rear wheels when operated on the public highways of this state. If mud flaps are used, they shall be wide enough to cover the full tread width of the tire or tires being protected; shall be so installed that they extend from the underside of the vehicle body in a vertical plane behind the rear wheels to within eight inches of the ground; and shall be constructed of a rigid material or a flexible material which is of a sufficiently rigid character to provide adequate protection when the vehicle is in motion. No provisions of this section shall apply to a motor vehicle in transit and in process of delivery equipped with temporary mud flaps, to farm implements, or to any vehicle which is not required to be registered.

2. Any person who violates this section is guilty of an infraction and, upon plea or finding of guilt, shall be punished as provided by law.

(L. 1967 p. 417 1, 2, A.L. 1991 S.B. 292, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.265



Definitions.

307.020. As used in sections 307.020 to 307.120, unless the context requires another or different construction:

(1) "Approved" means approved by the director of revenue and when applied to lamps and other illuminating devices means that such lamps and devices must be in good working order;

(2) "Auxiliary lamp" means an additional lighting device on a motor vehicle used primarily to supplement the headlamps in providing general illumination ahead of a vehicle;

(3) "Headlamp" means a major lighting device capable of providing general illumination ahead of a vehicle;

(4) "Mounting height" means the distance from the center of the lamp to the surface on which the vehicle stands;

(5) "Multiple-beam headlamps" means headlamps or similar devices arranged so as to permit the driver of the vehicle to use one of two or more distributions of light on the road;

(6) "Reflector" means an approved device designed and used to give an indication by reflected light;

(7) "Single-beam headlamps" means headlamps or similar devices arranged so as to permit the driver of the vehicle to use but one distribution of light on the road;

(8) "Vehicle" means every device in, upon or by which a person or property is or may be transported upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks;

(9) "When lighted lamps are required" means at any time from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise and at any other time when there is not sufficient light to render clearly discernible persons and vehicles on the highway at a distance of five hundred feet ahead. Lighted lamps shall also be required any time the weather conditions require usage of the motor vehicle's windshield wipers to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner as defined in section 304.012. The provisions of this section shall be interpreted to require lighted lamps during periods of fog even if usage of the windshield wipers is not necessary to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386c, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al.)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.270



Exemptions.

307.025. The subsequent provisions of this chapter with respect to equipment and lights on vehicles shall not apply to agricultural machinery and implements, road machinery, road rollers, traction engines, motorized bicycles or farm tractors except as in this chapter made applicable.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386b, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051)

Effective 6-20-80

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.280



Approval of lighting equipment--rules and regulations--fee--revocation or suspension of certificate, rulemaking procedure.

307.030. 1. The director of the department of public safety is hereby given authority to pass upon the lighting equipment of any vehicle, motor vehicle, or motor-drawn vehicle with a view to its safety for use on a street or highway.

2. The director of the department of public safety is hereby authorized to promulgate rules and regulations not inconsistent with this chapter, and publish same. No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority of this chapter shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.

3. The director of the department of public safety may require the approval of any lighting equipment or lighting device, and charge a fee therefor of fifty dollars for each device or each single lighting device submitted for approval, and may set up the procedure which may be followed when any lighting equipment or lighting device is submitted for approval.

4. The director of the department of public safety may revoke or suspend for cause, after hearing, any certificate of approval that may be issued covering any lighting equipment or lighting device under this chapter.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.290



Director's decisions final, when--appeal to board--hearing and decisions.

307.035. 1. The decisions of the director of the department of public safety under the provisions of sections 307.020 to 307.120, shall be final unless appealed as herein provided and shall be sent by registered mail to the applicant.

2. Within thirty days of the receipt of the decision, the applicant may appeal to a board of review composed of the lieutenant governor, and the members of the state highways and transportation commission, by filing with the lieutenant governor, a written notice of his intention to appeal and setting forth the grounds thereof.

3. Within thirty days after receiving such notice the board shall hear the appeal by hearing such evidence as the applicant or the director of the department of public safety shall present and making such investigations and tests as the board deems necessary. In the case of a tie vote of the board on such appeal, the board shall call upon the chief engineer of the state transportation department to hear the evidence, make such investigations and tests as he may deem necessary and cast the deciding vote.

4. The board shall certify to the applicant its findings, which shall be final, except that the same may be reviewed in the proper court by certiorari.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386t, A. 1949 S.B. 1113)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.300

CROSS REFERENCE:

Administrative procedure and review, generally, Chap. 536



When lights required--violation, penalty.

307.040. 1. No person shall drive, move, park or be in custody of any vehicle or combination of vehicles on any street or highway during the times when lighted lamps are required unless such vehicle or combination of vehicles displays lighted lamps and illuminating devices as hereinafter in this chapter required. No person shall use on any vehicle any approved electric lamp or similar device unless the light source of such lamp or device complies with the conditions of approval as to focus and rated candlepower.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, or any other provision of law, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction and any person who violates this section as it relates to violations of the usage of lighted lamps required due to weather conditions or fog shall only be fined ten dollars and no court costs shall be assessed.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386d, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al.)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.310



Headlamp on motor vehicles--violations, penalty.

307.045. 1. Except as in this chapter provided, every motor vehicle other than a motor-drawn vehicle and other than a motorcycle shall be equipped with at least two approved headlamps mounted at the same level with at least one on each side of the front of the vehicle. Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least one and not more than two approved headlamps. Every motorcycle equipped with a sidecar or other attachment shall be equipped with a lamp on the outside limit of such attachment capable of displaying a white light to the front.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386e, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.320



Headlamps--permissible substitutes, speed limit.

307.050. Any motor vehicle need not be equipped with approved headlamps provided that every such vehicle during the times when lighted lamps are required is equipped with two lighted lamps on the front thereof displaying white or yellow lights without glare capable of revealing persons and objects seventy-five feet ahead; provided, however, that no such motor vehicle shall be operated at a speed in excess of twenty miles per hour during the times when lighted lamps are required.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386k)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.330



Single-beam headlamps--intensity, adjustment--violation, penalty.

307.055. 1. Approved single-beam headlamps shall be so aimed that when the vehicle is not loaded none of the high-intensity portion of the light shall at a distance of twenty-five feet ahead project higher than a level of five inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which it comes, and in no case higher than forty-two inches above the level on which the vehicle stands at a distance of seventy-five feet ahead. The intensity shall be sufficient to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least two hundred feet.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386m, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.340



Multiple-beam headlamps--arrangement--violation, penalty.

307.060. 1. Except as hereinafter provided, the headlamps or the auxiliary driving lamp or the auxiliary passing lamp or combination thereof on motor vehicles other than motorcycles or motor driven cycles shall be so arranged that the driver may select at will between distributions of light projected to different elevations and such lamps may, in addition, be so arranged that such selection can be made automatically, subject to the following limitations:

(1) There shall be an uppermost distribution of light, or composite beam, so aimed and of such intensity as to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least three hundred and fifty feet ahead for all conditions of loading.

(2) There shall be a lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam so aimed and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least one hundred feet ahead; and on a straight level road under any condition of loading none of the high-intensity portion of the beam shall be directed to strike the eyes of an approaching driver.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386n, A.L. 1955 p. 626, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.350



New vehicles shall have beam indicator--violation, penalty.

307.065. 1. Every new motor vehicle registered in this state after January 1, 1942, which has multiple-beam road lighting equipment shall be equipped with a beam indicator, which shall be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of lights from the headlamps is in use, and shall not otherwise be lighted. Said indicator shall be so designed and located that when lighted it will be readily visible without glare to the driver of the vehicle so equipped.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386o, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.360



Dimming of lights, when--violation, penalty.

307.070. 1. Every person driving a motor vehicle equipped with multiple-beam road lighting equipment, during the times when lighted lamps are required, shall use a distribution of light, or composite beam, directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations: Whenever the driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within five hundred feet, or is within three hundred feet to the rear of another vehicle traveling in the same direction, the driver shall use a distribution of light or composite beam so aimed that the glaring rays are not projected into the eyes of the other driver, and in no case shall the high-intensity portion which is projected to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of the vehicle be aimed higher than the center of the lamp from which it comes at a distance of twenty-five feet ahead, and in no case higher than a level of forty-two inches above the level upon which the vehicle stands at a distance of seventy-five feet ahead.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386p, A.L. 1965 p. 493, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.370



Taillamps, reflectors--violations, penalty.

307.075. 1. Every motor vehicle and every motor-drawn vehicle shall be equipped with at least two rear lamps, not less than fifteen inches or more than seventy-two inches above the ground upon which the vehicle stands, which when lighted will exhibit a red light plainly visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear. Either such rear lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration marker and render it clearly legible from a distance of fifty feet to the rear. When the rear registration marker is illuminated by an electric lamp other than the required rear lamps, all such lamps shall be turned on or off only by the same control switch at all times.

2. Every motorcycle registered in this state, when operated on a highway, shall also carry at the rear, either as part of the rear lamp or separately, at least one approved red reflector, which shall be of such size and characteristics and so maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within three hundred feet to fifty feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps. A motorcycle may be equipped with a means of varying the brightness of the vehicle's brake light for a duration of not more than five seconds upon application of the vehicle's brakes.

3. Every new passenger car, new commercial motor vehicle, motor-drawn vehicle and omnibus with a capacity of more than six passengers registered in this state after January 1, 1966, when operated on a highway, shall also carry at the rear at least two approved red reflectors, at least one at each side, so designed, mounted on the vehicle and maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within five hundred to fifty feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps. Every such reflector shall meet the requirements of this chapter and shall be mounted upon the vehicle at a height not to exceed sixty inches nor less than fifteen inches above the surface upon which the vehicle stands.

4. Any person who knowingly operates a motor vehicle without the lamps required in this section in operable condition is guilty of an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386q, A.L. 1965 p. 494, A.L. 1976 H.B. 1514, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2013 H.B. 715 merged with S.B. 282)



Auxiliary lamps--number--location--violation, penalty.

307.080. 1. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed three auxiliary lamps mounted on the front at a height not less than twelve inches nor more than forty-two inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386g, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.390



Cowl, fender, running board and backup lamps--violation, penalty.

307.085. 1. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two side cowl or fender lamps which shall emit a white or yellow light without glare. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than one running board courtesy lamp on each side thereof which shall emit a white or yellow light without glare. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with a backup lamp either separately or in combination with another lamp; except that no such backup lamp shall be continuously lighted when the motor vehicle is in forward motion.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386h, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.400



Spotlamps--restrictions, penalty.

307.090. 1. Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed one spotlamp but every lighted spotlamp shall be so aimed and used so as not to be dazzling or glaring to any person.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386i, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Colors of various lamps--restriction of red lights, penalty.

307.095. 1. Headlamps, when lighted, shall exhibit lights substantially white in color; auxiliary lamps, cowllamps and spotlamps, when lighted, shall exhibit lights substantially white, yellow or amber in color. No person shall drive or move any vehicle or equipment, except a school bus when used for school purposes or an emergency vehicle upon any street or highway with any lamp or device thereon displaying a red light visible from directly in front thereof.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386f, A.L. 1955 p. 625, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.420



Limitations on lamps other than headlamps--flashing signals prohibited except on specified vehicles--penalty.

307.100. 1. Any lighted lamp or illuminating device upon a motor vehicle other than headlamps, spotlamps, front direction signals or auxiliary lamps which projects a beam of light of an intensity greater than three hundred candlepower shall be so directed that no part of the beam will strike the level of the roadway on which the vehicle stands at a distance of more than seventy-five feet from the vehicle. Alternately flashing warning signals may be used on school buses when used for school purposes and on motor vehicles when used to transport United States mail from post offices to boxes of addressees thereof and on emergency vehicles as defined in section 304.022, on buses owned or operated by churches, mosques, synagogues, temples or other houses of worship, and on commercial passenger transport vehicles or railroad passenger cars that are stopped to load or unload passengers, but are prohibited on other motor vehicles, motorcycles and motor-drawn vehicles except as a means for indicating a right or left turn.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386j, A.L. 1955 p. 625, A.L. 1957 p. 633, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2001 H.B. 458, A.L. 2004 S.B. 732 merged with S.B. 1233, et al.)



Limitation on total of lamps lighted at one time--violation, penalty.

307.105. 1. At the times when lighted lamps are required, at least two lighted lamps shall be displayed, one on each side of the front of every motor vehicle except a motorcycle and except a motor-drawn vehicle except when such vehicle is parked subject to the provisions governing lights on parked vehicles. Whenever a motor vehicle equipped with headlamps as in this chapter required is also equipped with any auxiliary lamps or a spotlamp or any other lamp on the front thereof projecting a beam of an intensity greater than three hundred candlepower, not more than a total of four of any such lamps on the front of a vehicle shall be lighted at any one time when upon a highway.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386l, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.440



Parked vehicles--how lighted--exception--violation, penalty.

307.110. 1. Whenever a vehicle is lawfully parked upon a street or highway during the hours between a half hour after sunset and a half hour before sunrise and in the event there is sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred feet upon such street or highway no lights need be displayed upon such parked vehicle.

2. Whenever a vehicle is parked or stopped upon a highway or shoulder adjacent thereto, whether attended or unattended, during the hours between a half hour after sunset and a half hour before sunrise and there is not sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of five hundred feet upon the highway, a vehicle so parked or stopped shall be equipped with one or more lamps meeting the following requirements: At least one lamp shall display a white or amber light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the front of the vehicle, and the same lamp or at least one other lamp shall display a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear of the vehicle, and the location of the lamps shall always be such that at least one lamp or combination of lamps meeting the requirements of this section is installed as near as practicable to the side of the vehicle which is closest to passing traffic. This section does not apply to a motor-driven cycle. Any lighted headlamp upon a parked vehicle shall be depressed or dimmed.

3. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section is an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386r, A.L. 1961 p. 497, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.450



Other vehicles--how lighted--violation, penalty.

307.115. 1. All vehicles, including agricultural machinery or implements, road machinery, road rollers, traction engines and farm tractors not in this chapter specifically required to be equipped with lamps, shall be equipped during the times when lighted lamps are required with at least one lighted lamp or lantern exhibiting a white light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the front of such vehicle and with a lamp or lantern exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear, and such lamps and lanterns shall exhibit lights to the sides of such vehicle.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.120, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386s, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.460



Penalty for violations.

307.120. Any person violating any of the provisions of sections 307.020 to 307.120 shall, upon conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. The term "person" as used in sections 307.020 to 307.120 shall mean and include any individual, association, joint stock company, copartnership or corporation.

(L. 1941 p. 438 8386a, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Electronic message devices, prohibited on vehicle, exceptions--penalty.

307.122. No motor vehicle or trailer shall be operated on a public highway of this state while equipped with any device which emits an electronic message directed to the front, side or rear of the exterior of the vehicle or trailer. For the purposes of this section, the term "message" shall include words, phrases, sentences, numbers and other symbols or combinations thereof. This section shall not prohibit the lawful use of a lamp which illuminates the rear registration marker, as authorized pursuant to section 307.075, or the use of a route indicator on a bus or other public transportation vehicle, or messages that display proper names of firms or corporations. Violations of this section shall be a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1992 S.B. 607 l, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)



Animal-driven vehicles, lighting requirements--penalty--rulemaking authority.

307.125. 1. Any person who shall place or drive or cause to be placed or driven upon or along any state or supplementary state highway of this state any animal-driven vehicle whatsoever, whether in motion or at rest, shall after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise have attached to every such vehicle at the rear thereof a red taillight or a red reflecting device of not less than three inches in diameter of effective area or its equivalent in area. When such device shall consist of reflecting buttons there shall be no less than seven of such buttons covering an area equal to a circle with a three-inch diameter. The total subtended effective angle of reflection of every such device shall be no less than sixty degrees and the spread and efficiency of the reflected light shall be sufficient for the reflected light to be visible to the driver of any motor vehicle approaching such animal-drawn vehicle from the rear of a distance of not less than five hundred feet.

2. In addition, any person who operates any such animal-driven vehicle during the hours between sunset and one-half hour before sunrise shall have at least one light flashing at all times the vehicle is on any highway of this state. Such light or lights shall be amber in the front and red in the back and shall be placed on the left side of the vehicle at a height of no more than six feet from the ground and shall be visible from the front and the back of the vehicle at a distance of at least five hundred feet. Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an infraction.

3. Any person operating an animal-driven vehicle during the hours between sunset and one-half hour before sunrise may, in lieu of the requirements of subsection 2 of this section, use lamps or lanterns complying with the rules promulgated by the director of the department of public safety.

4. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2004, shall be invalid and void.

(RSMo 1939 8388, A.L. 1988 S.B. 686, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2004 S.B. 956, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.480



Slow-moving equipment, emblem required on, when--emblem described--violation, penalty--alternative display, reflective material.

307.127. 1. No person shall operate on any public highway of this state any slow-moving vehicle or equipment after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise, any animal-drawn vehicle, or any other machinery, designed for use or normally operated at speeds less than twenty-five miles per hour, including all road construction or maintenance machinery except when engaged in actual construction or maintenance work either guarded by a flagman or clearly visible warning signs, which normally travels or is normally used at a speed of less than twenty-five miles per hour unless there is displayed on the rear thereof an emblem as described in, and displayed as provided in subsection 2 in this section. The requirement of such emblem shall be in addition to any lighting devices required by section 307.115.

2. The emblem required by subsection 1 of this section shall be of substantial construction, and shall be a basedown equilateral triangle of fluorescent yellow-orange film or equivalent quality paint with a base of not less than fourteen inches and an altitude of not less than twelve inches. Such triangle shall be bordered with reflective red strips having a minimum width of one and three-fourths inches, with the vertices of the overall triangle truncated such that the remaining altitude shall be a minimum of fourteen inches. Such emblem shall be mounted on the rear of such vehicle near the horizontal geometric center of the rearmost vehicle at a height of not less than four feet above the roadway, and shall be maintained in a clean, reflective condition. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any vehicle or equipment being operated on a gravel or dirt-surfaced public highway.

3. Any person who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an infraction.

4. No emblem shall be required on machinery or equipment pulled or attached to a farm tractor providing the machinery or equipment does not extend more than twelve feet to the rear of the tractor and permits a clear view of the emblem on the tractor by vehicles approaching from the rear.

5. Any person operating an animal-drawn vehicle on any public highway of this state may, in lieu of displaying the emblem required by subsections 1 and 2 of this section, equip the animal-drawn vehicle with reflective material complying with rules and regulations promulgated by the director of the department of public safety. The reflective material shall be visible from a distance of not less than five hundred feet to the rear when illuminated by the lower beams of vehicle headlights. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2004, shall be invalid and void.

(L. 1971 S.B. 99 1, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2004 S.B. 956)



Motorcycle headlamp modulation permitted, when--labeling requirements.

307.128. 1. A headlamp on a motorcycle may be wired to modulate either the upper beam or the lower beam from its maximum intensity to a lesser intensity provided that:

(1) The rate of modulation shall be two hundred forty plus or minus forty cycles per minute;

(2) The headlamp shall be operated at a maximum power for fifty to seventy percent of each cycle;

(3) The lowest intensity at any test point shall not be less than seventeen percent of the maximum intensity measured at the same point;

(4) The modulator switch shall be wired in the power lead of the beam filament being modulated and not in the ground side of the circuit;

(5) Means shall be provided so that both the lower beam and the upper beam remain operable in the event of a modulation failure;

(6) The system shall include a sensor mounted with the axis of its sensing element perpendicular to a horizontal plane. Headlamp modulation shall cease whenever the level of light emitted by a tungsten filament operating at three thousand degrees kelvin is either less than two hundred seventy lux of direct light for upward pointing sensors or less than sixty lux of reflected light for downward pointing sensors. The light is measured by a silicon cell type light meter that is located at the sensor and pointing in the same direction as the sensor. A photo gray card is placed at ground level to simulate the road surface in testing downward pointing sensors;

(7) Means shall be provided so that both the lower and upper beam function at design voltage when the headlamp control switch is in either the lower or upper beam position when the modulator is off.

2. Each motorcycle headlamp modulator not intended as original equipment, or its container, shall be labeled with the maximum wattage, and the minimum wattage appropriate for its use. Additionally, each such modulator shall comply with the provisions of subdivisions (1) to (7) of subsection 1 of this section when connected to a headlamp of the maximum-rated power and headlamp of the minimum-rated power, and shall provide means so that the modulated beam functions at design voltage when the modulator is off. Instructions, with a diagram, shall be provided for mounting the light sensor including location on the motorcycle, distance above the road surface, and orientation with respect to the light.

(L. 2009 H.B. 253)



Safety glass defined.

307.130. The term "safety glass", as used in sections 307.130 to 307.160, shall be construed as meaning glass so treated or combined with other materials as to reduce, in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons by objects from external sources or by glass when the glass is cracked or broken.

(RSMo 1939 8391)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.490



Director not to license vehicle without safety glass.

307.135. It shall be the duty of the director of revenue to refuse to issue a license for any motor vehicle manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1936, unless such motor vehicle is equipped as provided in sections 307.130 to 307.160, with such types of safety glass as have been heretofore approved by the secretary of state or may hereafter be approved by the state highway patrol.

(L. 1945 p. 1194 8392b)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.500



Safety glass on vehicles for hire and school buses.

307.140. It shall be unlawful after January 1, 1936, to operate on any public highway or street, in this state, a motor vehicle registered in the state of Missouri, manufactured or assembled after said date, designed or used for the purpose of carrying passengers for hire, or designed or used for the purpose of carrying school children, unless such vehicle be equipped in all doors, windows and windshields with safety glass.

(RSMo 1939 8389)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.510



Sale of vehicles without safety glass prohibited.

307.145. It shall be unlawful after January 1, 1936, to sell in the state of Missouri, any motor vehicle, manufactured or assembled after said date, and designed for the purpose of carrying passengers, unless such vehicle be equipped in all doors, windows, rear windows and windshields with safety glass.

(RSMo 1939 8390)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.520



List of approved glass.

307.150. The state highway patrol shall maintain a list of approved types of glass which conform to the requirement of section 307.130 and shall furnish a copy of such list to the director of revenue and thereafter shall keep the director of revenue informed as to any changes in or additions to such list.

(RSMo 1939 8392, A.L. 1945 p. 1194)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.530



Violation a misdemeanor.

307.155. Any person violating any of the provisions of sections 307.130 to 307.160 shall be deemed guilty of a class C misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not to exceed fifty dollars for each offense.

(RSMo 1939 8393, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Revocation of permit by public service commission.

307.160. In addition to the penalty provided by section 307.155 in case of the violation of sections 307.130 to 307.160 by any common carrier or person operating under a permit or a certificate of public convenience or necessity issued by the Missouri public service commission, or other authorized body or person, said permit shall be revoked, or, in the discretion of the commission, suspended until the provisions of sections 307.130 to 307.160 are satisfactorily complied with.

(RSMo 1939 8394)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.550



Seat safety belts standard equipment, when--penalty.

307.165. 1. No four-wheeled passenger motor vehicle other than motorbuses manufactured or assembled after June 30, 1964, and designated as a 1965 or later year model, shall be sold or registered in this state unless it is equipped with at least two sets of seat safety belts for the front seat of the motor vehicle. As used in this section the term "set of seat safety belts" means a combination of belts, buckle and brackets meeting SAE J-4 or higher standards. The state highway patrol shall maintain a list of seat safety belts which meet SAE J-4 or higher standards and shall furnish a copy of the list to the director of revenue and keep the director informed as to any changes or additions to the list.

2. Violation of this section shall be a misdemeanor and be punished as provided by law.

(L. 1963 p. 423 304.555)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.555



Other equipment of motor vehicles--violations, penalty.

307.170. 1. Signaling devices: Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn, directed forward, or whistle in good working order, capable of emitting a sound adequate in quantity and volume to give warning of the approach of such vehicle to other users of the highway and to pedestrians. Such signaling device shall be used for warning purposes only and shall not be used for making any unnecessary noise, and no other sound-producing signaling device shall be used at any time.

2. Muffler cutouts: Muffler cutouts shall not be used and no vehicle shall be driven in such manner or condition that excessive and unnecessary noises shall be made by its machinery, motor, signaling device, or other parts, or by any improperly loaded cargo. The motors of all motor vehicles shall be fitted with properly attached mufflers of such capacity or construction as to quiet the maximum possible exhaust noise as completely as is done in modern gas engine passenger motor vehicles. Any cutout or opening in the exhaust pipe between the motor and the muffler on any motor vehicle shall be completely closed and disconnected from its operating lever, and shall be so arranged that it cannot automatically open, or be opened or operated while such vehicle is in motion.

3. Brakes: All motor vehicles, except motorcycles, shall be provided at all times with two sets of adequate brakes, kept in good working order, and motorcycles shall be provided with one set of adequate brakes kept in good working order.

4. Mirrors: All motor vehicles which are so constructed or loaded that the operator cannot see the road behind such vehicle by looking back or around the side of such vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror so adjusted as to reveal the road behind and be visible from the operator's seat.

5. Projections on vehicles: All vehicles carrying poles or other objects, which project more than five feet from the rear of such vehicle, shall, during the period when lights are required by this chapter, carry a red light at or near the rear end of the pole or other object so projecting. At other times a red flag or cloth, not less than sixteen inches square, shall be displayed at the end of such projection.

6. Towlines: When one vehicle is towing another, the connecting device shall not exceed fifteen feet. During the time that lights are required by sections 307.020 to 307.120, the required lights shall be displayed by both vehicles. Every towed vehicle shall be coupled to the towing vehicle by means of a safety chain, cable, or equivalent device in addition to the primary coupling device, except that such secondary coupling device shall not be necessary if the connecting device is connected to the towing vehicle by a center-locking ball located over or nearly over the rear axle and not supported by the rear bumper of the towing vehicle. Such secondary safety connecting devices shall be of sufficient strength to control the towed vehicle in the event of failure of the primary coupling device. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to wreckers towing vehicles or to vehicles secured to the towing vehicle by a fifth-wheel type connection.

7. The provisions of subsection 6 of this section shall not apply to farm implements, or to any vehicle which is not required to be registered.

8. Commercial motor vehicles and trailers: When being operated on any highway of this state shall be equipped with adequate and proper brakes, lighting equipment, signaling devices, steering mechanisms, horns, mirrors, windshield wipers, tires, wheels, exhaust system, glazing, air pollution control devices, fuel tank, and any other safety equipment required by the state in such condition so as to obtain a certificate of inspection and approval as required by the provisions of section 307.360.

9. Devices attached to or towed by motor vehicles for the purpose of transporting hay shall have the protruding parts raised or retracted when not in use to a position which will not cause injury or damage to persons or property in the vicinity of such device when on the highways of this state.

10. Violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(RSMo 1939 8387, A.L. 1983 H.B. 539, A.L. 1991 S.B. 292, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

Prior revisions: 1929 7779; 1919 7583, 7584; 1909 8515

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.560

CROSS REFERENCE:

For penalty for violation of this section, 304.570



Studded tires, prohibited when--penalty.

307.171. 1. No person shall operate any motor vehicle upon any road or highway of this state between the first day of April and the first day of November while the motor vehicle is equipped with tires containing metal or carbide studs.

2. Any person violating the provisions of this section is guilty of an infraction.

(L. 1976 S.B. 515 1, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)



Altering passenger motor vehicle by raising front or rear of vehicle prohibited, when--bumpers front and rear required, when, exemptions--violations not to pass inspection--penalty.

307.172. 1. No person shall operate any passenger motor vehicle upon the public streets or highways of this state, the body of which has been altered in such a manner that the front or rear of the vehicle is raised at such an angle as to obstruct the vision of the operator of the street or highway in front or to the rear of the vehicle.

2. Every motor vehicle which is licensed in this state and operated upon the public streets or highways of this state shall be equipped with front and rear bumpers if such vehicle was equipped with bumpers as standard equipment. This subsection shall not apply to motor vehicles designed or modified primarily for off-highway purposes while such vehicles are in tow or to motorcycles or motor-driven cycles, or to motor vehicles registered as historic motor vehicles when the original design of such vehicles did not include bumpers nor shall the provisions of this subsection prohibit the use of drop bumpers. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall adopt rules and regulations relating to bumper standards. Maximum bumper heights of both the front and rear bumpers of motor vehicles shall be determined by weight category of gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) measured from a level surface to the highest point of the bottom of the bumper when the vehicle is unloaded and the tires are inflated to the manufacturer's recommended pressure. Maximum bumper heights are as follows:

Maximum front Maximum rear

bumper height bumper height Motor vehicles except

commercial motor

vehicles 22 inches 22 inches Commercial motor

vehicles (GVWR)

4,500 lbs and under 24 inches 26 inches

4,501 lbs through

7,500 lbs 27 inches 29 inches

7,501 lbs through

9,000 lbs 28 inches 30 inches

9,001 lbs through

11,500 lbs 29 inches 31 inches

3. A motor vehicle in violation of this section shall not be approved during any motor vehicle safety inspection required pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390.

4. Any person knowingly violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1973 H.B. 140 1, A.L. 1986 H.B. 867, A.L. 1987 H.B. 78, A.L. 2004 H.B. 996 and H.B. 1142 and H.B. 1201 and H.B. 1489, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Specifications for sun-screening device applied to windshield or windows--permit required, when--exceptions--rules, procedure--violations, penalty.

307.173. 1. Any person may operate a motor vehicle with front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver that have a sun-screening device, in conjunction with safety glazing material, that has a light transmission of thirty-five percent or more plus or minus three percent and a luminous reflectance of thirty-five percent or less plus or minus three percent. Except as provided in subsection 5 of this section, any sun-screening device applied to front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver in excess of the requirements of this section shall be prohibited without a permit pursuant to a physician's prescription as described below. A permit to operate a motor vehicle with front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver that have a sun-screening device, in conjunction with safety glazing material, which permits less light transmission and luminous reflectance than allowed under the requirements of this subsection, may be issued by the department of public safety to a person having a serious medical condition which requires the use of a sun-screening device if the permittee's physician prescribes its use. The director of the department of public safety shall promulgate rules and regulations for the issuance of the permit. The permit shall allow operation of the vehicle by any titleholder or relative within the second degree by consanguinity or affinity, which shall mean a spouse, each grandparent, parent, brother, sister, niece, nephew, aunt, uncle, child, and grandchild of a person, who resides in the household. Except as provided in subsection 2 of this section, all sun-screening devices applied to the windshield of a motor vehicle are prohibited.

2. This section shall not prohibit labels, stickers, decalcomania, or informational signs on motor vehicles or the application of tinted or solar screening material to recreational vehicles as defined in section 700.010, provided that such material does not interfere with the driver's normal view of the road. This section shall not prohibit factory-installed tinted glass, the equivalent replacement thereof or tinting material applied to the upper portion of the motor vehicle's windshield which is normally tinted by the manufacturer of motor vehicle safety glass.

3. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2001, shall be invalid and void.

4. Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.

5. Any vehicle licensed with a historical license plate shall be exempt from the requirements of this section.

(L. 1985 H.B. 501 1, A.L. 1987 H.B. 78, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1994 S.B. 475, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3, A.L. 1997 S.B. 121, A.L. 2001 S.B. 244, A.L. 2002 H.B. 1386 & 1038 merged with S.B. 727 & 703, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Sirens and flashing lights emergency use, persons authorized--violation, penalty.

307.175. Motor vehicles and equipment which are operated by any member of an organized fire department, ambulance association, or rescue squad, whether paid or volunteer, may be operated on streets and highways in this state as an emergency vehicle under the provisions of section 304.022 while responding to a fire call or ambulance call or at the scene of a fire call or ambulance call and while using or sounding a warning siren and using or displaying thereon fixed, flashing or rotating blue lights, but sirens and blue lights shall be used only in bona fide emergencies. Permits for the operation of such vehicles equipped with sirens or blue lights shall be in writing and shall be issued and may be revoked by the chief of an organized fire department, organized ambulance association, or rescue squad and no person shall use or display a siren or blue lights on a motor vehicle, fire, ambulance, or rescue equipment without a valid permit authorizing the use. A** permit to use a siren or lights as heretofore set out does not relieve the operator of the vehicle so equipped with complying with all other traffic laws and regulations. Violation of this section constitutes a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1957 p. 623 1, A.L. 1971 H.B. 113, A.L. 1981 H.B. 183, A.L. 2004 S.B. 757 merged with S.B. 788)

Effective 6-25-04 (S.B. 757) 7-01-04 (S.B. 788)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.565

**Word "A" does not appear in original rolls.



Transporting hazardous materials, equipment required--federal physical requirements not applicable, when--violations, penalty.

307.177. 1. It is unlawful for any person to operate any bus, truck, truck-tractor and trailer combination, or other commercial motor vehicle and trailer upon any highway of this state, whether intrastate transportation or interstate transportation, unless such transportation is conducted in accordance with the hazardous material regulations established by the United States Department of Transportation pursuant to Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as such regulations have been and may periodically be amended.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 1 of this section to the contrary, Part 391, Subpart E, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, relating to the physical requirements of drivers shall not be applicable to drivers in intrastate commerce, provided such drivers were licensed by this state as chauffeurs to operate commercial motor vehicles on May 13, 1988.

3. Failure to comply with the requirements of this section may result in the commercial motor vehicle and trailer and driver of such vehicle and trailer being placed out of service. Criteria used for placing drivers and vehicles out of service are the North American Uniform Out-of-Service Criteria adopted by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance and the United States Department of Transportation, as such criteria have been and may periodically be amended.

4. Violation of this section shall be deemed a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1983 H.B. 539 307.171, A.L. 1988 S.B. 423, A.L. 1991 H.B. 251, A.L. 2002 S.B. 712, A.L. 2003 H.B. 371)



Seat belts required for passenger cars--passenger cars defined--exceptions--failure to comply, effect on evidence and damages--penalty--passengers in car exceeding number of seat belts not violation for failure to use.

307.178. 1. As used in this section, the term "passenger car" means every motor vehicle designed for carrying ten persons or less and used for the transportation of persons; except that, the term "passenger car" shall not include motorcycles, motorized bicycles, motor tricycles, and trucks with a licensed gross weight of twelve thousand pounds or more.

2. Each driver, except persons employed by the United States Postal Service while performing duties for that federal agency which require the operator to service postal boxes from their vehicles, or which require frequent entry into and exit from their vehicles, and front seat passenger of a passenger car manufactured after January 1, 1968, operated on a street or highway in this state, and persons less than eighteen years of age operating or riding in a truck, as defined in section 301.010, on a street or highway of this state shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt that meets federal National Highway, Transportation and Safety Act requirements. No person shall be stopped, inspected, or detained solely to determine compliance with this subsection. The provisions of this section and section 307.179 shall not be applicable to persons who have a medical reason for failing to have a seat belt fastened about their body, nor shall the provisions of this section be applicable to persons while operating or riding a motor vehicle being used in agricultural work-related activities. Noncompliance with this subsection shall not constitute probable cause for violation of any other provision of law. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the transporting of children under sixteen years of age, as provided in section 307.179.

3. Each driver of a motor vehicle transporting a child less than sixteen years of age shall secure the child in a properly adjusted and fastened restraint under section 307.179.

4. In any action to recover damages arising out of the ownership, common maintenance or operation of a motor vehicle, failure to wear a safety belt in violation of this section shall not be considered evidence of comparative negligence. Failure to wear a safety belt in violation of this section may be admitted to mitigate damages, but only under the following circumstances:

(1) Parties seeking to introduce evidence of the failure to wear a safety belt in violation of this section must first introduce expert evidence proving that a failure to wear a safety belt contributed to the injuries claimed by plaintiff;

(2) If the evidence supports such a finding, the trier of fact may find that the plaintiff's failure to wear a safety belt in violation of this section contributed to the plaintiff's claimed injuries, and may reduce the amount of the plaintiff's recovery by an amount not to exceed one percent of the damages awarded after any reductions for comparative negligence.

5. Except as otherwise provided for in section 307.179, each person who violates the provisions of subsection 2 of this section is guilty of an infraction for which a fine not to exceed ten dollars may be imposed. All other provisions of law and court rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no court costs shall be imposed on any person due to a violation of this section. In no case shall points be assessed against any person, pursuant to section 302.302, for a violation of this section.

6. The state highways and transportation commission shall initiate and develop a program of public information to develop understanding of, and ensure compliance with, the provisions of this section. The commission shall evaluate the effectiveness of this section and shall include a report of its findings in the annual evaluation report on its highway safety plan that it submits to NHTSA and FHWA pursuant to 23 U.S.C. 402.

7. If there are more persons than there are seat belts in the enclosed area of a motor vehicle, then the passengers who are unable to wear seat belts shall sit in the area behind the front seat of the motor vehicle unless the motor vehicle is designed only for a front-seated area. The passenger or passengers occupying a seat location referred to in this subsection is not in violation of this section. This subsection shall not apply to passengers who are accompanying a driver of a motor vehicle who is licensed under section 302.178.

(L. 1985 S.B. 43 1, A.L. 1988 H.B. 1512, A.L. 1997 S.B. 121, A.L. 2006 S.B. 872, et al.)



Definitions--transporting children under sixteen years of age, restraint systems--penalty--exceptions--program of public information.

307.179. 1. As used in this section, the following terms shall mean:

(1) "Child booster seat", a seating system which meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set forth in 49 C.F.R. 571.213, as amended, that is designed to elevate a child to properly sit in a federally approved safety belt system;

(2) "Child passenger restraint system", a seating system which meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set forth in 49 C.F.R. 571.213, as amended, and which is either permanently affixed to a motor vehicle or is affixed to such vehicle by a safety belt or a universal attachment system;

(3) "Driver", a person who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle.

2. Every driver transporting a child under the age of sixteen years shall be responsible, when transporting such child in a motor vehicle operated by that driver on the streets or highways of this state, for providing for the protection of such child as follows:

(1) Children less than four years of age, regardless of weight, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system appropriate for that child;

(2) Children weighing less than forty pounds, regardless of age, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system appropriate for that child;

(3) Children at least four years of age but less than eight years of age, who also weigh at least forty pounds but less than eighty pounds, and who are also less than four feet, nine inches tall, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system or booster seat appropriate for that child;

(4) Children at least eighty pounds or children more than four feet, nine inches in height shall be secured by a vehicle safety belt or booster seat appropriate for that child;

(5) A child who otherwise would be required to be secured in a booster seat may be transported in the back seat of a motor vehicle while wearing only a lap belt if the back seat of the motor vehicle is not equipped with a combination lap and shoulder belt for booster seat installation;

(6) When transporting children in the immediate family when there are more children than there are seating positions in the enclosed area of a motor vehicle, the children who are not able to be restrained by a child safety restraint device appropriate for the child shall sit in the area behind the front seat of the motor vehicle unless the motor vehicle is designed only for a front seat area. The driver transporting children referred to in this subsection is not in violation of this section.

This subsection shall only apply to the use of a child passenger restraint system or vehicle safety belt for children less than sixteen years of age being transported in a motor vehicle.

3. Any driver who violates subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 2 of this section is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction, may be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars and court costs. Any driver who violates subdivision (4) of subsection 2 of this section shall be subject to the penalty in subsection 5 of section 307.178. If a driver receives a citation for violating subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 2 of this section, the charges shall be dismissed or withdrawn if the driver prior to or at his or her hearing provides evidence of acquisition of a child passenger restraint system or child booster seat which is satisfactory to the court or the party responsible for prosecuting the driver's citation.

4. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any public carrier for hire. The provisions of this section shall not apply to students four years of age or older who are passengers on a school bus designed for carrying eleven passengers or more and which is manufactured or equipped pursuant to Missouri Minimum Standards for School Buses as school buses are defined in section 301.010.

5. The highways and transportation commission shall initiate and develop a program of public information to develop understanding of, and ensure compliance with, the provisions of this section.

(L. 2006 S.B. 872, et al. 307.182)



Bicycle and motorized bicycle, defined.

307.180. As used in sections 307.180 to 307.193:

(1) The word "bicycle" shall mean every vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, or two parallel wheels and one or two forward or rear wheels, all of which are more than fourteen inches in diameter, except scooters and similar devices;

(2) The term "motorized bicycle" shall mean any two- or three-wheeled device having an automatic transmission and a motor with a cylinder capacity of not more than fifty cubic centimeters, which produces less than three gross brake horsepower, and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than thirty miles per hour on level ground. A motorized bicycle shall be considered a motor vehicle for purposes of any homeowners' or renters' insurance policy.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 1, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051, A.L. 1988 H.B. 990, A.L. 2005 H.B. 487 merged with S.B. 372)



Brakes required.

307.183. Every bicycle and motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle or motorized bicycle within twenty-five feet from a speed of ten miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 2, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051)

Effective 6-20-80



Lights and reflectors, when required--standards to be met.

307.185. Every bicycle and motorized bicycle when in use on a street or highway during the period from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:

(1) A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred feet;

(2) A rear-facing red reflector, at least two square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp, on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred feet;

(3) Reflective material and/or lights on any part of the bicyclist's pedals, crank arms, shoes or lower leg, visible from the front and the rear at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at two hundred feet; and

(4) Reflective material and/or lights visible on each side of the bicycle or bicyclist and visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lawful lower beams of vehicle headlights at three hundred feet. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to motorized bicycles which comply with National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration regulations relating to reflectors on motorized bicycles.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 3, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051, A.L. 1995 S.B. 471)



Rights and duties of bicycle and motorized bicycle riders.

307.188. Every person riding a bicycle or motorized bicycle upon a street or highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle as provided by chapter 304, except as to special regulations in sections 307.180 to 307.193 and except as to those provisions of chapter 304 which by their nature can have no application.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 4, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051)

Effective 6-20-80



Riding to right, required for bicycles and motorized bicycles.

307.190. Every person operating a bicycle or motorized bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street. Bicyclists may ride abreast when not impeding other vehicles.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 5, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051, A.L. 1995 S.B. 471)



Bicycle to operate on the shoulder adjacent to roadway, when--roadway defined.

307.191. 1. A person operating a bicycle at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway may operate as described in section 307.190 or may operate on the shoulder adjacent to the roadway.

2. A bicycle operated on a roadway, or on the shoulder adjacent to a roadway, shall be operated in the same direction as vehicles are required to be driven upon the roadway.

3. For purposes of this section and section 307.190, "roadway" is defined as and means that portion of a street or highway ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder.

(L. 2005 H.B. 487 merged with S.B. 372)



Bicycle required to give hand or mechanical signals.

307.192. The operator of a bicycle shall signal as required in section 304.019, except that a signal by the hand and arm need not be given continuously if the hand is needed in the control or operation of or to control or operate the bicycle. An operator of a bicycle intending to turn the bicycle to the right shall signal as indicated in section 304.019 or by extending such operator's right arm in a horizontal position so that the same may be seen in front of and in the rear of the bicycle.

(L. 2005 H.B. 487 merged with S.B. 372)



Penalty for violation.

307.193. Any person seventeen years of age or older who violates any provision of sections 307.180 to 307.193 is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars. Such an infraction does not constitute a crime and conviction shall not give rise to any disability or legal disadvantage based on conviction of a criminal offense. If any person under seventeen years of age violates any provision of sections 307.180 to 307.193 in the presence of a peace officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the state or for violation of ordinances of counties or municipalities of the state, said officer may impound the bicycle or motorized bicycle involved for a period not to exceed five days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.

(L. 1977 H.B. 79 6, A.L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051)

Effective 6-20-80



License required--operation on interstate highway prohibited--violation, penalty.

307.195. 1. No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any highway or street in this state unless the person has a valid license to operate a motor vehicle.

2. No motorized bicycle may be operated on any public thoroughfare located within this state which has been designated as part of the federal interstate highway system.

3. Violation of this section shall be deemed a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051 2, 3, A.L. 1989 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 3, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)



Equipment required.

307.196. No person shall operate a motorized bicycle on any street or highway in this state unless it is equipped in accordance with the minimum requirements for construction and equipment of MOPEDS, Regulation VESC-17, approved July, 1977, as promulgated by the Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission, this state being a party thereto as provided in section 307.250, and the regulation is hereby approved as provided in section 307.260, and the regulation shall be published in the code of state regulations.

(L. 1980 H.B. 995 & 1051 4)

Effective 6-20-80



All-terrain vehicles, equipment required--penalty.

307.198. 1. Every all-terrain vehicle, except those used in competitive events, shall have the following equipment:

(1) A lighted headlamp and tail lamp which shall be in operation at any time in which an all-terrain vehicle is being used on any street or highway in this state pursuant to section 304.013;

(2) An equilateral triangular emblem, to be mounted on the rear of such vehicle at least two feet above the roadway when such vehicle is operated upon any street or highway pursuant to section 300.348 or 304.013. The emblem shall be constructed of substantial material with a fluorescent yellow-orange finish and a reflective, red border at least one inch in width. Each side of the emblem shall measure at least ten inches;

(3) A braking system maintained in good operating condition;

(4) An adequate muffler system in good working condition, and a United States Forest Service qualified spark arrester.

2. A violation of this section shall be an infraction.

(L. 1988 H.B. 990, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)



Defined--requirements for operation.

307.205. 1. For the purposes of sections 307.205 to 307.211, "electric personal assistive mobility device" (EPAMD) shall mean a self-balancing, two nontandem wheeled device, designed to transport only one person, with an electric propulsion system with an average power of seven hundred fifty watts (one horsepower), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a propulsion system while ridden by an operator who weighs one hundred seventy pounds, is less than twenty miles per hour.

2. An electric personal assistive mobility device may be operated upon a street, highway, sidewalk, and bicycle path. Every person operating such a device shall be granted all of the rights and be subject to all of the duties applicable to a pedestrian pursuant to chapter 304.

3. Persons under sixteen years of age shall not operate an electric personal assistive mobility device, except for an operator with a mobility-related disability.

4. An electric personal assistive mobility device shall be operated only on roadways with a speed limit of forty-five miles per hour or less. This shall not prohibit the use of such device when crossing roadways with speed limits in excess of forty-five miles per hour.

5. A city or town shall have the authority to impose additional regulations on the operation of an electric personal assistive mobility device within its city or town limits.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1270 and H.B. 2032)



Equipment required.

307.207. Every electric personal assistive mobility device (EPAMD) when in use on a roadway during the period from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise shall be equipped with the following:

(1) A front-facing lamp on the front or carried by the rider which shall emit a white light visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway at five hundred feet;

(2) A rear-facing red reflector, at least two square inches in reflective surface area, or a rear-facing red lamp, on the rear which shall be visible at night under normal atmospheric conditions on a straight, level, unlighted roadway when viewed by a vehicle driver under the lower beams of vehicle headlights at six hundred feet.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1270 and H.B. 2032)



Roadway operation, requirements.

307.209. Every person operating an electric personal assistive mobility device (EPAMD) at less than the posted speed or slower than the flow of traffic upon a street or highway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as safe, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction, except when making a left turn, when avoiding hazardous conditions, when the lane is too narrow to share with another vehicle, or when on a one-way street.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1270 and H.B. 2032)



Violations, penalties.

307.211. Any person seventeen years of age or older who violates any provision of sections 307.205 to 307.211 is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars. Such an infraction does not constitute a crime and conviction shall not give rise to any disability or legal disadvantage based on conviction of a criminal offense. If any person under seventeen years of age violates any provision of sections 307.205 to 307.211 in the presence of a peace officer possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the state or for violation of ordinances of counties or municipalities of the state, said officer may impound the electric personal assistive mobility device (EPAMD) involved for a period not to exceed five days upon issuance of a receipt to the child riding it or to its owner.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1270 and H.B. 2032)



Compact--entered into.

307.250. The "Vehicle Equipment Safety Compact" is hereby enacted into law and entered into with all other jurisdictions legally joining therein in the form substantially as follows: ARTICLE I

(a) The party states find that:

(1) Accidents and deaths on their streets and highways present a very serious human and economic problem with a major deleterious effect on the public welfare.

(2) There is a vital need for the development of greater interjurisdictional cooperation to achieve the necessary uniformity in the laws, rules, regulations and codes relating to vehicle equipment, and to accomplish this by such means as will minimize the time between the development of demonstrably and scientifically sound safety features and their incorporation into vehicles.

(b) The purposes of this compact are to:

(1) Promote uniformity in regulation of and standards for equipment.

(2) Secure uniformity of law and administrative practice in vehicular regulation and related safety standards to permit incorporation of desirable equipment changes in vehicles in the interest of greater traffic safety.

(3) To provide means for the encouragement and utilization of research which will facilitate the achievement of the foregoing purposes, with due regard for the findings set forth in subdivision (a) of this Article.

(c) It is the intent of this compact to emphasize performance requirements and not to determine the specific detail of engineering in the manufacture of vehicles or equipment except to the extent necessary for the meeting of such performance requirements. ARTICLE II

As used in this compact:

(a) "Vehicle" means every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

(b) "State" means a state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(c) "Equipment" means any part of a vehicle or any accessory for use thereon which affects the safety of operation of such vehicle or the safety of the occupants. ARTICLE III

(a) There is hereby created an agency of the party states to be known as the "Vehicle Equipment Safety Commission" hereinafter called the Commission. The Commission shall be composed of one commissioner from each party state who shall be appointed, serve and be subject to removal in accordance with the laws of the state which he represents. If authorized by the laws of his party state, a commissioner may provide for the discharge of his duties and the performance of his functions on the Commission, either for the duration of his membership or for any lesser period of time, by an alternate. No such alternate shall be entitled to serve unless notification of his identity and appointment shall have been given to the Commission in such form as the Commission may require. Each commissioner, and each alternate, when serving in the place and stead of a commissioner, shall be entitled to be reimbursed by the Commission for expenses actually incurred in attending Commission meetings or while engaged in the business of the Commission.

(b) The commissioners shall be entitled to one vote each on the Commission. No action of the Commission shall be binding unless taken at a meeting at which a majority of the total number of votes on the Commission are cast in favor thereof. Action of the Commission shall be only at a meeting at which a majority of the commissioners, or their alternates, are present.

(c) The Commission shall have a seal.

(d) The Commission shall elect annually, from among its members, a chairman, a vice chairman and a treasurer. The Commission may appoint an Executive Director and fix his duties and compensation. Such Executive Director shall serve at the pleasure of the Commission, and together with the Treasurer shall be bonded in such amount as the Commission shall determine. The Executive Director also shall serve as secretary. If there be no Executive Director, the Commission shall elect a Secretary in addition to the other officers provided by this subdivision.

(e) Irrespective of the civil service, personnel or other merit system laws of any of the party states, the Executive Director with the approval of the Commission, or the Commission if there be no Executive Director, shall appoint, remove or discharge such personnel as may be necessary for the performance of the Commission's functions, and shall fix the duties and compensation of such personnel.

(f) The Commission may establish and maintain independently or in conjunction with any one or more of the party states, a suitable retirement system for its full time employees. Employees of the Commission shall be eligible for Social Security coverage in respect of old age and survivor's insurance provided that the Commission takes such steps as may be necessary pursuant to the laws of the United States, to participate in such program of insurance as the governmental agency or unit. The Commission may establish and maintain or participate in such additional programs of employee benefits as may be appropriate.

(g) The Commission may borrow, accept or contract for the services of personnel from any party state, the United States, or any subdivision or agency of the aforementioned governments, or from any agency of two or more of the party states or their subdivisions.

(h) The Commission may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this compact any and all donations, and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials, and services, conditional or otherwise, from any state, the United States, or any other governmental agency and may receive, utilize and dispose of the same.

(i) The Commission may establish and maintain such facilities as may be necessary for the transacting of its business. The Commission may acquire, hold, and convey real and personal property and any interest therein.

(j) The Commission shall adopt bylaws for the conduct of its business and shall have the power to amend and rescind these bylaws. The Commission shall publish its bylaws in convenient form and shall file a copy thereof and a copy of any amendment thereto, with the appropriate agency or officer in each of the party states. The bylaws shall provide for appropriate notice to the commissioners of all Commission meetings and hearings and the business to be transacted at such meetings or hearings. Such notice shall also be given to such agencies or officers of each party state as the laws of such party state may provide.

(k) The Commission annually shall make to the governor and legislature of each party state a report covering the activities of the Commission for the preceding year, and embodying such recommendations as may have been issued by the Commission. The Commission may make such additional reports as it may deem desirable. ARTICLE IV

The Commission shall have power to:

(a) Collect, correlate, analyze and evaluate information resulting or derivable from research and testing activities in equipment and related fields.

(b) Recommend and encourage the undertaking of research and testing in any aspect of equipment or related matters when, in its judgment, appropriate or sufficient research or testing has not been undertaken.

(c) Contract for such equipment research and testing as one or more governmental agencies may agree to have contracted for by the Commission, provided that such governmental agency or agencies shall make available the funds necessary for such research and testing.

(d) Recommend to the party states changes in law or policy with emphasis on uniformity of laws and administrative rules, regulations or codes which would promote effective governmental action or coordination in the prevention of equipment-related highway accidents or the mitigation of equipment-related highway safety problems. ARTICLE V

(a) In the interest of vehicular and public safety, the Commission may study the need for or desirability of the establishment of or changes in performance requirements or restrictions for any item of equipment. As a result of such study, the Commission may publish a report relating to any item or items of equipment, and the issuance of such a report shall be a condition precedent to any proceedings or other action provided or authorized by this Article. No less than sixty days after the publication of a report containing the results of such study, the Commission upon due notice shall hold a hearing or hearings at such place or places as it may determine.

(b) Following the hearing or hearings provided for in subdivision (a) of this Article, and with due regard for standards recommended by appropriate professional and technical associations and agencies, the Commission may issue rules, regulations or codes embodying performance requirements or restrictions for any item or items of equipment covered in the report, which in the opinion of the Commission will be fair and equitable and effectuate the purposes of this compact.

(c) Each party state obligates itself to give due consideration to any and all rules, regulations and codes issued by the Commission and hereby declares its policy and intent to be the promotion of uniformity in the laws of the several party states relating to equipment.

(d) The Commission shall send prompt notice of its action in issuing any rule, regulation or code pursuant to this Article to the appropriate motor vehicle agency of each party state and such notice shall contain the complete text of the rule, regulation or code.

(e) If the constitution of a party state requires, or if its statutes provide, the approval of the legislature by appropriate resolution or act may be made a condition precedent to the taking effect in such party state of any rule, regulation or code. In such event, the commissioner of such party state shall submit any Commission rule, regulation or code to the legislature as promptly as may be in lieu of administrative acceptance or rejection thereof by the party state.

(f) Except as otherwise specifically provided in or pursuant to subdivisions (e) and (g) of this Article, the appropriate motor vehicle agency of a party state shall in accordance with its constitution or procedural laws adopt the rule, regulation or code within six months of the sending of the notice, and, upon such adoption, the rule, regulation or code shall have the force and effect of law therein.

(g) The appropriate motor vehicle agency of a party state may decline to adopt a rule, regulation or code issued by the Commission pursuant to this Article if such agency specifically finds, after public hearing on due notice, that a variation from the Commission's rule, regulation or code is necessary to the public safety, and incorporate in such finding the reasons upon which it is based. Any such finding shall be subject to review by such procedure for review of administrative determinations as may be applicable pursuant to the laws of the party state. Upon request, the Commission shall be furnished with a copy of the transcript of any hearings held pursuant to this subdivision. ARTICLE VI

(a) The Commission shall submit to the executive head or designated officer or officers of each party state a budget of its estimated expenditures for such period as may be required by the laws of that party state for presentation to the legislature thereof.

(b) Each of the Commission's budgets of estimated expenditures shall contain specific recommendations of the amount or amounts to be appropriated by each of the party states. The total amount of appropriations under any such budget shall be apportioned among the party states as follows: one-third in equal shares; and the remainder in proportion to the number of motor vehicles registered in each party state. In determining the number of such registrations, the Commission may employ such source or sources of information as, in its judgment present the most equitable and accurate comparisons among the party states. Each of the Commission's budgets of estimated expenditures and requests for appropriations shall indicate the source or sources used in obtaining information concerning vehicular registrations.

(c) The Commission shall not pledge the credit of any party state. The Commission may meet any of its obligations in whole or in part with funds available to it under Article III(h) of this compact, provided that the Commission takes specific action setting aside such funds prior to incurring any obligation to be met in whole or in part in such manner. Except where the Commission makes use of funds available to it under Article III(h) hereof, the Commission shall not incur any obligation prior to the allotment of funds by the party states adequate to meet the same.

(d) The Commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements. The receipts and disbursements of the Commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting procedures established under its rules. However, all receipts and disbursements of funds handled by the Commission shall be audited yearly by a qualified public accountant and the report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual reports of the Commission.

(e) The accounts of the Commission shall be open at any reasonable time for inspection by duly constituted officers of the party states and by any persons authorized by the Commission.

(f) Nothing contained herein shall be construed to prevent Commission compliance with laws relating to audit or inspection of accounts by or on behalf of any government contributing to the support of the Commission. ARTICLE VII

(a) The Commission shall adopt rules and regulations with respect to conflict of interest for the commissioners of the party states, and their alternates, if any, and for the staff of the Commission and contractors with the Commission to the end that no member or employee or contractor shall have a pecuniary or other incompatible interest in the manufacture, sale or distribution of motor vehicles or vehicular equipment or in any facility or enterprise employed by the Commission or on its behalf for testing, conduct of investigations or research. In addition to any penalty for violation of such rules and regulations as may be applicable under the laws of the violator's jurisdiction of residence, employment or business, any violation of a Commission rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this Article shall require the immediate discharge of any violating employee and the immediate vacating of membership, or relinquishing of status as a member on the Commission by any commissioner or alternate. In the case of a contractor, any violation of any such rule or regulation shall make any contract of the violator with the Commission subject to cancellation by the Commission.

(b) Nothing contained in this Article shall be deemed to prevent a contractor for the Commission from using any facilities subject to his control in the performance of the contract even though such facilities are not devoted solely to work of or done on behalf of the Commission; nor to prevent such a contractor from receiving remuneration or profit from the use of such facilities. ARTICLE VIII

The Commission may establish such advisory and technical committees as it may deem necessary, membership on which may include private citizens and public officials, and may cooperate with and use the services of any such committees and the organizations which the members represent in furthering any of its activities. ARTICLE IX

(a) This compact shall enter into force when enacted into law by any six or more states. Thereafter, this compact shall become effective as to any other state upon its enactment thereof.

(b) Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall take effect until one year after the executive head of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to the executive heads of all other party states. No withdrawal shall affect any liability already incurred by or chargeable to a party state prior to the time of such withdrawal. ARTICLE X

This compact shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes thereof. The provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the Constitution of any state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstances shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the Constitution of any state participating herein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining party states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.

(L. 1965 p. 495 1)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.600



Legislative findings.

307.255. The general assembly finds that:

(1) The public safety necessitates the continuous development, modernization and implementation of standards and requirements of law relating to vehicle equipment, in accordance with expert knowledge and opinion;

(2) The public safety further requires that such standards and requirements be uniform from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, except to the extent that specific and compelling evidence supports variation;

(3) The director of revenue, acting upon recommendation of the vehicle equipment safety commission and pursuant to the vehicle equipment safety compact provides a just, equitable and orderly means of promoting the public safety in the manner and within the scope contemplated by sections 307.250 to 307.295.

(L. 1965 p. 495 2)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.610



Rules not effective until approved by legislature.

307.260. Pursuant to article V(e) of the vehicle equipment safety compact, it is the intention of this state and it is hereby provided that no rule, regulation or code issued by the vehicle equipment safety commission in accordance with article V of the compact shall take effect until approved by an act of the legislature.

(L. 1965 p. 495 3)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.620



Director of revenue to be state's commissioner.

307.265. The commissioner of this state on the vehicle equipment safety commission shall be the director of revenue who shall serve during his continuance as such officer. The commissioner of this state appointed pursuant to this section may designate an alternate from among the officers and employees of his agency to serve in his place and stead on the vehicle equipment safety commission. Subject to the provisions of the compact and bylaws of the vehicle equipment safety commission, the authority and responsibilities of such alternate shall be as determined by the commissioner designating such alternate.

(L. 1965 p. 495 4)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.630



State employees retirement system may agree with commission on coverage of employees.

307.270. The Missouri state employees retirement system may make an agreement with the vehicle equipment safety commission for the coverage of said commission's employees pursuant to article III(f) of the compact. Any such agreement, as nearly as may be, shall provide for arrangements similar to those available to the employees of this state and shall be subject to amendment or termination in accordance with its terms.

(L. 1965 p. 495 5)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.640



State agencies to cooperate with commission.

307.275. Within appropriations available therefor, the departments, agencies and officers of the government of this state may cooperate with and assist the vehicle equipment safety commission within the scope contemplated by article III(h) of the compact. The departments, agencies and officers of the government of this state are authorized generally to cooperate with said commission.

(L. 1965 p. 495 6)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.650



Documents to be filed with secretary of state.

307.280. Filing of documents as required by article III(j) of the compact shall be with the secretary of state. Any and all notices required by commission bylaws to be given pursuant to article III(j) of the compact shall be given to the commissioner of this state and his alternate, if any.

(L. 1965 p. 495 7)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.660



Commission to submit budget to commissioner of administration.

307.285. Pursuant to article VI(a) of the compact, the vehicle equipment safety commission shall submit its budgets to the commissioner of administration.

(L. 1965 p. 495 8)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.670



State auditor may inspect commission's accounts.

307.290. Pursuant to article VI(e) of the compact, the state auditor is hereby empowered and authorized to inspect the accounts of the vehicle equipment safety commission.

(L. 1965 p. 495 9)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.680



Executive head defined.

307.295. The term "executive head" as used in article IX(b) of the compact shall, with reference to this state, mean the governor.

(L. 1965 p. 495 10)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.690

CROSS REFERENCE:

Penalties for violations of sections 307.020 to 307.295, exceptions, 304.570



Motor vehicles, biennial inspection required, exceptions--authorization to operate inspection station for inspection authorized--violation, penalty.

307.350. 1. The owner of every motor vehicle as defined in section 301.010 which is required to be registered in this state, except:

(1) Motor vehicles, for the five-year period following their model year of manufacture, excluding prior salvage vehicles immediately following a rebuilding process and vehicles subject to the provisions of section 307.380;

(2) Those motor vehicles which are engaged in interstate commerce and are proportionately registered in this state with the Missouri highway reciprocity commission, although the owner may request that such vehicle be inspected by an official inspection station, and a peace officer may stop and inspect such vehicles to determine whether the mechanical condition is in compliance with the safety regulations established by the United States Department of Transportation; and

(3) Historic motor vehicles registered pursuant to section 301.131;

(4) Vehicles registered in excess of twenty-four thousand pounds for a period of less than twelve months;

shall submit such vehicles to a biennial inspection of their mechanism and equipment in accordance with the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390 and obtain a certificate of inspection and approval and a sticker, seal, or other device from a duly authorized official inspection station. The inspection, except the inspection of school buses which shall be made at the time provided in section 307.375, shall be made at the time prescribed in the rules and regulations issued by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol; but the inspection of a vehicle shall not be made more than sixty days prior to the date of application for registration or within sixty days of when a vehicle's registration is transferred. Any vehicle manufactured as an even-numbered model year vehicle shall be inspected and approved pursuant to the safety inspection program established pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390 in each even-numbered calendar year and any such vehicle manufactured as an odd-numbered model year vehicle shall be inspected and approved pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390 in each odd-numbered year. The certificate of inspection and approval shall be a sticker, seal, or other device or combination thereof, as the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol prescribes by regulation and shall be displayed upon the motor vehicle or trailer as prescribed by the regulations established by him. The replacement of certificates of inspection and approval which are lost or destroyed shall be made by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol under regulations prescribed by him.

2. For the purpose of obtaining an inspection only, it shall be lawful to operate a vehicle over the most direct route between the owner's usual place of residence and an inspection station of such owner's choice, notwithstanding the fact that the vehicle does not have a current state registration license. It shall also be lawful to operate such a vehicle from an inspection station to another place where repairs may be made and to return the vehicle to the inspection station notwithstanding the absence of a current state registration license.

3. No person whose motor vehicle was duly inspected and approved as provided in this section shall be required to have the same motor vehicle again inspected and approved for the sole reason that such person wishes to obtain a set of any special personalized license plates available pursuant to section 301.144 or a set of any license plates available pursuant to section 301.142, prior to the expiration date of such motor vehicle's current registration.

4. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.390, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1967 p. 418 1, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1975 S.B. 313, A.L. 1984 S.B. 505 & 471, A.L. 1992 S.B. 465, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)

Effective 1-01-10

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.700



No safety inspection required during registration period which exceeds two years.

307.353. Other provisions of law notwithstanding, no person shall be required to have a biennial vehicle inspection during a registration period which exceeds two years. The inspection required at the beginning of the registration period shall be valid for the entire registration period.

(L. 1974 H.B. 1526, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19)

Effective 7-1-00



Current inspection required for registration or transfer, exception--inspection valid, how long.

307.355. 1. No state registration license to operate the type of vehicle required to be inspected by section 307.350 may be transferred or issued during a biennial registration year in which the vehicle is required to be inspected unless the application is accompanied by a certificate of inspection and approval issued no more than sixty days prior to the date of application, or in the case of school buses, which will be required to be inspected annually as provided in section 307.375, except:

(1) The director of revenue may transfer or issue a state registration license to the type of vehicle required to be inspected by section 307.350 without a certificate of inspection and approval accompanying the application if the director has satisfactory evidence that the vehicle was not in the state of Missouri at any time during the sixty days prior to the date of application; however, the owner of every such vehicle must submit the vehicle for inspection and obtain a certificate of inspection and approval within ten days after the vehicle is first returned to the state of Missouri;

(2) The director of revenue shall renew a vehicle's registration license without a certificate of inspection and approval accompanying the application if satisfactory documentary evidence is presented at the time of application that the license being renewed was properly transferred within a six-month period prior to the expiration of the license being renewed or that the vehicle for which the registration is being issued was issued a registration for a period of less than one year for the registration period just expiring.

2. If due to interstate operation a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 301.010 or a trailer of the type required to be inspected is required to obtain full fee registration in this and any other state during the same calendar year, no Missouri certificate of inspection and approval is required if the vehicle bears evidence that a current valid inspection sticker or decal was issued by such other state in which the vehicle is registered; provided that the sticker or decal issued by such other state is valid for the registration period in this state.

3. After a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 301.010 has been registered for the current year, no certificate of inspection and approval is required when a local commercial motor vehicle license is changed to a beyond-local commercial motor vehicle license or when the licensed gross weight is changed during the licensed period.

(L. 1967 p. 418 2, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1974 H.B. 1526, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19)

Effective 7-1-00

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.710



Permits and instructions furnished by superintendent--items to be inspected--inspection stations, permit fee, permit renewal--application contents--mechanic's examination--revocation of permits, hearing on.

307.360. 1. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall issue permits and written instructions to official inspection stations and shall furnish forms and certificates for the inspection of brakes, lighting equipment, signaling devices, steering mechanisms, horns, mirrors, windshield wipers, tires, wheels, exhaust system, glazing, air pollution control devices, fuel system, and any other safety equipment required by the state. In no instance will road testing of a vehicle be considered a part of the inspection procedure.

2. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall prescribe the standards and equipment necessary for an official inspection station and the qualifications for persons who conduct the inspections, and no applicant may be approved to operate an official inspection station until the applicant meets the standards and has the required equipment and qualified inspectors as prescribed. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall establish standards and procedures to be followed in the making of inspections required by sections 307.350 to 307.390 and shall prescribe rules and regulations for the operation of the stations.

3. (1) The application for permit as an official inspection station shall be made to the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol on a form furnished by the superintendent. The fee for a permit to operate an official inspection station shall be ten dollars per year and each permit shall be renewed annually on the date of issue. All fees shall be payable to the director of revenue and shall be deposited by him in the state treasury to the credit of the state highway fund.

(2) The application shall set forth the name under which applicant transacts or intends to transact business, the location of the applicant's place of business and such other information as the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may require. If the applicant has or intends to have more than one place of business within the state, a separate application shall be made for each place of business. If the applicant is a partnership, the application shall set forth the names of the partners; if a corporation, the names of the officers shall be shown. The application shall be signed and verified by oath or affirmation of the owner or an authorized officer or partner.

(3) Each location which fulfills the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol's requirements and whose owners, proprietors and employees comply with the superintendent's regulations and qualifications shall be designated as an official inspection station and the applicant issued a certificate. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall investigate all applicants for inspection station permits to determine whether or not the premises, equipment and personnel meet the requirements prescribed by him.

(4) Any automobile mechanic who has had at least one year of practical experience as an automotive mechanic or any person who has successfully completed a course of vocational instruction in automotive mechanics from a generally recognized educational institution, either public or private, and who has demonstrated the knowledge and ability to conduct an inspection in compliance with the regulations established by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may be issued a permit to conduct inspections at any official inspection station. No person without a valid permit shall conduct any part of an inspection, except a person without a valid permit may assist in the inspection of a vehicle by operating the vehicle's lighting equipment and signaling devices. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may require a mechanic to be reexamined at any time to determine the mechanic's knowledge and ability to conduct an inspection. If the mechanic fails the reexamination or refuses to be reexamined, the permit issued to the mechanic shall be suspended until the mechanic passes the examination but under no circumstances can the mechanic again be tested until a period of thirty days has elapsed. No fee shall be charged for the permit and the permit shall remain valid for a period of three years from the date of issue or until suspended or revoked by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol.

(5) The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may issue a private official inspection station permit to any association, person, partnership, corporation and/or subsidiary corporation, and governmental entity having registered or titled in his, her or its name in this state one or more vehicles of the type required to be inspected by section 307.350, or who maintains such vehicles under a written maintenance agreement of at least one year's duration and who maintains approved inspection facilities and has qualified personnel; but separate permits must be obtained for separate facilities of the same association, person, partnership, corporation and/or subsidiary corporation, or governmental entity. Such private stations shall inspect only vehicles registered or to be registered, titled or to be titled or maintained in the name of the person or organization described on the application for permit. No fee shall be charged for a permit issued to a governmental entity.

4. (1) The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall supervise and cause inspections to be made of the official inspection stations and inspecting personnel and if the superintendent finds that the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390 or the regulations issued pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390 are not being complied with, or that the business of an official inspection station, in connection with corrections, adjustments, repairs or inspection of vehicles is being improperly conducted, the superintendent shall suspend or revoke the permit of the station for a period of not less than thirty days or more than one year and require the immediate surrender and return of the permit, together with all official forms and certificates of inspection and approval. If the superintendent finds that an inspector has violated any of the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390 or the regulations issued pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390, the superintendent shall suspend or revoke the inspector's permit for a period of not less than thirty days nor more than one year. If a station operator or if an inspector violates any of the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390, he or she is subject to prosecution as provided in section 307.390.

(2) The suspension or revocation of a station permit or of an inspector's permit shall be in writing to the operator, inspector, or the person in charge of the station. Before suspending or revoking either of the permits, the superintendent shall serve notice in writing by certified mail or by personal service to the permittee at the permittee's address of record giving the permittee the opportunity to appear in the office of the superintendent on a stated date, not less than ten nor more than thirty days after the mailing or service of the notice, for a hearing to show cause why the permittee's permit should not be suspended or revoked. An inspection station owner or an inspector may appear in person or by counsel in the office of the superintendent to show cause why the proposed suspension or revocation is in error, or to present any other facts or testimony that would bear on the final decision of the superintendent. If the permittee or the permittee's agent does not appear on the stated day after receipt of notice, it shall be presumed that the permittee admits the allegations of fact contained in the hearing notification letter. The decision of the superintendent may in such case be based upon the written reports submitted by the superintendent's officers. The order of the superintendent, specifying his findings of fact and conclusions of law, shall be considered final immediately after receipt of notice thereof by the permittee.

(3) Any person whose permit is suspended or revoked or whose application for a permit is denied may within ten days appeal the action as provided in chapter 536.

(L. 1967 p. 418 3, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1973 S.B. 131, A.L. 1979 S.B. 20, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19)

Effective 7-1-00

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.720



Inspection station permit not transferable--approval to be on official form--report to superintendent--defects, correction of, who may make--inspection fee--sticker fee--inspection fund, created, purpose--discontinuation of station, procedures.

307.365. 1. No permit for an official inspection station shall be assigned or transferred or used at any location other than therein designated and every permit shall be posted in a conspicuous place at the location designated. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall design and furnish each official inspection station, at no cost, one official sign made of metal or other durable material to be displayed in a conspicuous location to designate the station as an official inspection station. Additional signs may be obtained by an official inspection station for a fee equal to the cost to the state. Each inspection station shall also be supplied with one or more posters which must be displayed in a conspicuous location at the place of inspection and which informs the public that required repairs or corrections need not be made at the inspection station.

2. No person operating an official inspection station pursuant to the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390 may issue a certificate of inspection and approval for any vehicle except upon an official form furnished by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol for that purpose and only after inspecting the vehicle and determining that its brakes, lighting equipment, signaling devices, steering mechanisms, horns, mirrors, windshield wipers, tires, wheels, exhaust system, glazing, air pollution control devices, fuel system and any other safety equipment as required by the state are in proper condition and adjustment to be operated upon the public highways of this state with safety to the driver or operator, other occupants therein, as well as other persons and property upon the highways, as provided by sections 307.350 to 307.390 and the regulations prescribed by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol. Brakes may be inspected for safety by means of visual inspection or computerized brake testing. No person operating an official inspection station shall furnish, loan, give or sell a certificate of inspection and approval to any other person except those entitled to receive it under provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390. No person shall have in such person's possession any certificate of inspection and approval and/or inspection sticker with knowledge that the certificate and/or inspection sticker has been illegally purchased, stolen or counterfeited.

3. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may require officially designated stations to furnish reports upon forms furnished by the superintendent for that purpose as the superintendent considers reasonably necessary for the proper and efficient administration of sections 307.350 to 307.390.

4. If, upon inspection, defects or unsafe conditions are found, the owner may correct them or shall have them corrected at any place the owner chooses within twenty days after the defect or unsafe condition is found, and shall have the right to remove the vehicle to such place for correction, but before the vehicle is operated thereafter upon the public highways of this state, a certificate of inspection and approval must be obtained. The inspecting personnel of the official inspection station must inform the owner that the corrections need not be made at the inspection station.

5. A fee, not to exceed twelve dollars, as determined by each official inspection station, may be charged by an official inspection station for each official inspection including the issuance of the certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device and a total fee, not to exceed ten dollars, as determined by each official inspection station, may be charged for an official inspection of a trailer or motorcycle, which shall include the issuance of the certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device. Such fee shall be conspicuously posted on the premises of each such official inspection station. No owner shall be charged an additional inspection fee upon having corrected defects or unsafe conditions found in an inspection completed within the previous twenty consecutive days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, if such follow-up inspection is made by the station making the initial inspection. Every inspection for which a fee is charged shall be a complete inspection, and upon completion of the inspection, if any defects are found the owner of the vehicle shall be furnished a list of the defects and a receipt for the fee paid for the inspection. If the owner of a vehicle decides to have any necessary repairs or corrections made at the official inspection station, the owner shall be furnished a written estimate of the cost of such repairs before such repairs or corrections are made by the official inspection station. The written estimate shall have plainly written upon it that the owner understands that the corrections need not be made by the official inspection station and shall have a signature line for the owner. The owner must sign below the statement on the signature line before any repairs are made.

6. Certificates of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device shall be purchased by the official inspection stations from the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol shall collect a fee of one dollar and fifty cents for each certificate of inspection, sticker, seal or other device issued to the official inspection stations, except that no charge shall be made for certificates of inspection, sticker, seal or other device issued to official inspection stations operated by governmental entities. All fees collected shall be deposited in the state treasury with one dollar of each fee collected credited to the state highway fund and, for the purpose of administering and enforcing the state motor vehicle laws and traffic regulations, fifty cents credited to the "Highway Patrol Inspection Fund" which is hereby created. The moneys collected and deposited in the highway patrol inspection fund shall be expended subject to appropriations by the general assembly for the administration and enforcement of sections 307.350 to 307.390 by the Missouri state highway patrol. The unexpended balance in the fund at the end of each biennium exceeding the amount of the appropriations from the fund for the first two fiscal years shall be transferred to the state road fund, and the provisions of section 33.080, relating to the transfer of funds to the general revenue fund at the end of the biennium, shall not apply to the fund.

7. The owner or operator of any inspection station who discontinues operation during the period that a station permit is valid or whose station permit is suspended or revoked shall return all official signs and posters and any current unused inspection stickers, seals or other devices to the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol and shall receive a full refund on request except for official signs and posters, provided the request is made during the calendar year or within sixty days thereafter in the manner prescribed by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol. Stations which have a valid permit shall exchange unused previous year issue inspection stickers and/or decals for an identical number of current year issue, provided the unused stickers and/or decals are submitted for exchange not later than April thirtieth of the current calendar year, in the manner prescribed by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol.

8. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.390 to the contrary, a violation of this section shall be a class C misdemeanor.

9. The owner or operator of any inspection station shall maintain liability insurance at all times to cover possible damage to vehicles during the inspection process.

(L. 1967 p. 418 4, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1973 H.B. 207, A.L. 1979 S.B. 20, A.L. 1983 S.B. 315, A.L. 1992 S.B. 465, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2012 H.B. 1402)



Prohibited acts.

307.370. 1. No person shall represent in any manner any place as an official inspection station unless the station is operated under a valid permit issued by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol.

2. No person unless then holding a valid permit shall issue a certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device.

3. No person shall make, issue or knowingly use any imitation or counterfeit of an official certificate of inspection, sticker, seal or other device.

4. No person shall display or cause or permit to be displayed upon any vehicle any certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device knowing the same to be fictitious or issued for another vehicle or issued without an inspection having been made.

(L. 1967 p. 418 5, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.740



Inspection of school buses--items covered--violations, when corrected, notice to patrol--spot checks authorized.

307.375. 1. The owner of every bus used to transport children to or from school in addition to any other inspection required by law shall submit the vehicle to an official inspection station, and obtain a certificate of inspection, sticker, seal or other device annually, but the inspection of the vehicle shall not be made more than sixty days prior to operating the vehicle during the school year. The inspection shall, in addition to the inspection of the mechanism and equipment required for all motor vehicles under the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.390, include an inspection to ascertain that the following items are correctly fitted, adjusted, and in good working condition:

(1) All mirrors, including crossview, inside, and outside;

(2) The front and rear warning flashers;

(3) The stop signal arm;

(4) The crossing control arm on public school buses required to have them pursuant to section 304.050;

(5) The rear bumper to determine that it is flush with the bus so that hitching of rides cannot occur;

(6) The exhaust tailpipe shall be flush with or may extend not more than two inches beyond the perimeter of the body or bumper;

(7) The emergency doors and exits to determine them to be unlocked and easily opened as required;

(8) The lettering and signing on the front, side and rear of the bus;

(9) The service door;

(10) The step treads;

(11) The aisle mats or aisle runners;

(12) The emergency equipment which shall include as a minimum a first aid kit, flares or fuses, and a fire extinguisher;

(13) The seats, including a determination that they are securely fastened to the floor;

(14) The emergency door buzzer;

(15) All hand hold grips;

(16) The interior glazing of the bus.

2. In addition to the inspection required by subsection 1 of this section, the Missouri state highway patrol shall conduct an inspection after February first of each school year of all vehicles required to be marked as school buses under section 304.050. This inspection shall be conducted by the Missouri highway patrol in cooperation with the department of elementary and secondary education and shall include, as a minimum, items in subsection 1 of this section and the following:

(1) The driver seat belts;

(2) The heating and defrosting systems;

(3) The reflectors;

(4) The bus steps;

(5) The aisles;

(6) The frame.

3. If, upon inspection, conditions which violate the standards in subsection 2 of this section are found, the owner or operator shall have them corrected in ten days and notify the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol or those persons authorized by the superintendent. If the defects or unsafe conditions found constitute an immediate danger, the bus shall not be used until corrections are made and the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol or those persons authorized by the superintendent are notified.

4. The Missouri highway patrol may inspect any school bus at any time and if such inspection reveals a deficiency affecting the safe operation of the bus, the provisions of subsection 3 of this section shall be applicable.

5. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.390 to the contrary, a violation of this section shall be a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1967 p. 418 6, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1975 H.B. 123, A.L. 1976 S.B. 725, A.L. 1997 S.B. 315, A.L. 1999 H.B. 603, et al. merged with S.B. 19, A.L. 2001 S.B. 244, A.L. 2004 H.B. 996 and H.B. 1142 and H.B. 1201 and H.B. 1489 merged with S.B. 899, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)



Accidents, reinspection required when--certain sales exempt from inspection requirement--violation, penalty.

307.380. 1. Every vehicle of the type required to be inspected upon having been involved in an accident and when so directed by a police officer must be inspected and an official certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device be obtained for such vehicle before it is again operated on the highways of this state. At the seller's expense every vehicle of the type required to be inspected by section 307.350, whether new or used, shall immediately prior to sale be fully inspected regardless of any current certificate of inspection and approval, and an appropriate new certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device shall be obtained.

2. Nothing contained in the provisions of this section shall be construed to prohibit a dealer or any other person from selling a vehicle without a certificate of inspection and approval if the vehicle is sold for junk, salvage, or for rebuilding, or for vehicles sold at public auction or from dealer to dealer. The purchaser of any vehicle which is purchased for junk, salvage, or for rebuilding, shall give to the seller an affidavit, on a form prescribed by the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol, stating that the vehicle is being purchased for one of the reasons stated herein. No vehicle of the type required to be inspected by section 307.350 which is purchased as junk, salvage, or for rebuilding shall again be registered in this state until the owner has submitted the vehicle for inspection and obtained an official certificate of inspection and approval, sticker, seal or other device for such vehicle.

3. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 307.390, violation of this section shall be deemed an infraction.

(L. 1967 p. 418 8, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110, A.L. 1992 S.B. 465, A.L. 1993 S.B. 105, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1047)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.760



Director of revenue to suspend registration of unapproved vehicle on written notice of superintendent.

307.385. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may notify the director of revenue and the director of revenue shall suspend the registration of any vehicle which the superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol determines, after a written notice, is not equipped as required by law or for which a certificate required by sections 307.350 to 307.390 has not been obtained.

(L. 1967 p. 418 9, A.L. 1971 S.B. 110)

*Transferred 1969; formerly 304.770



Penalty for violation--superintendent of highway patrol may assign persons to enforce inspections laws.

307.390. 1. Any person who violates any provision of sections 307.350 to 307.390 is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished as provided by law.

2. The superintendent of the Missouri state highway patrol may assign qualified persons who are not highway patrol officers to investigate and enforce motor vehicle safety inspection laws and regulations pursuant to sections 307.350 to 307.390 and sections 643.300 to 643.355. A person assigned by the superintendent pursuant to the authority granted by this subsection shall be designated a motor vehicle inspector and shall have limited powers to issue a uniform complaint and summons for a violation of the motor vehicle inspection laws and regulations. A motor vehicle inspector shall not have authority to exercise the power granted in this subsection until such inspector successfully completes training provided by, and to the satisfaction of, the superintendent.

(L. 1967 p. 418 10, A.L. 1999 H.B. 603, et al. merged with S.B. 19, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540)

CROSS REFERENCE:

General penalty for violation of 307.020 to 307.295, 304.570



Commercial vehicles, equipment and operation, regulations, exceptions--violations, penalty--rulemaking authority.

307.400. 1. It is unlawful for any person to operate any commercial motor vehicle as defined in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 390.5, either singly or in combination with a trailer, as both vehicles are defined in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 390.5, unless such vehicles are equipped and operated as required by Parts 390 through 397, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as such regulations have been and may periodically be amended, whether intrastate transportation or interstate transportation. Members of the Missouri state highway patrol are authorized to enter the cargo area of a commercial motor vehicle or trailer to inspect the contents when reasonable grounds exist to cause belief that the vehicle is transporting hazardous materials as defined by Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The director of the department of public safety is hereby authorized to further regulate the safety of commercial motor vehicles and trailers as he deems necessary to govern and control their operation on the public highways of this state by promulgating and publishing rules and regulations consistent with this chapter. Any such rules shall, in addition to any other provisions deemed necessary by the director, require:

(1) Every commercial motor vehicle and trailer and all parts thereof to be maintained in a safe condition at all times;

(2) Accidents arising from or in connection with the operation of commercial motor vehicles and trailers to be reported to the department of public safety in such detail and in such manner as the director may require. Except for the provisions of subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection, the provisions of this section shall not apply to any commercial motor vehicle operated in intrastate commerce and licensed for a gross weight of sixty thousand pounds or less when used exclusively for the transportation of solid waste or forty-two thousand pounds or less when the license plate has been designated for farm use by the letter "F" as authorized by the Revised Statutes of Missouri, unless such vehicle is transporting hazardous materials as defined in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 1 of this section to the contrary, Part 391, Subpart E, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, relating to the physical requirements of drivers shall not be applicable to drivers in intrastate commerce, provided such drivers were licensed by this state as chauffeurs to operate commercial motor vehicles on May 13, 1988. Persons who are otherwise qualified and licensed to operate a commercial motor vehicle in this state may operate such vehicle intrastate at the age of eighteen years or older, except that any person transporting hazardous material must be at least twenty-one years of age.

3. Commercial motor vehicles and drivers of such vehicles may be placed out of service if the vehicles are not equipped and operated according to the requirements of this section. Criteria used for placing vehicles and drivers out of service are the North American Uniform Out-of-Service Criteria adopted by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance and the United States Department of Transportation, as such criteria have been and may periodically be amended.

4. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 1 of this section to the contrary, Part 395, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, relating to the hours of drivers, shall not apply to any vehicle owned or operated by any public utility, rural electric cooperative or other public service organization, or to the driver of such vehicle, while providing restoration of essential utility services during emergencies and operating intrastate. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "essential utility services" means electric, gas, water, telephone and sewer services.

5. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 1 of this section to the contrary, Parts 390 through 397, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations shall not apply to commercial motor vehicles operated in intrastate commerce to transport property, which have a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of twenty-six thousand pounds or less. The exception provided by this subsection shall not apply to:

(1) Vehicles transporting hazardous materials and which are not covered farm vehicles as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection;

(2) Vehicles designed to transport sixteen or more passengers including the driver as defined by Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations; or

(3) Vehicles which are defined as covered farm vehicles pursuant to federal laws and regulations and are transporting hazardous materials that require a placard as required by 49 CFR 100-180.

Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit persons designated by the department of public safety from inspecting vehicles defined in this subsection.

6. Violation of any provision of this section or any rule promulgated as authorized therein is a class B misdemeanor.

7. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2009, shall be invalid and void.

(L. 1984 H.B. 1410 307.400, 307.401, A.L. 1986 H.B. 1428, H.B. 1572, A.L. 1988 S.B. 423, A.L. 1991 H.B. 251, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3, A.L. 1999 S.B. 19, A.L. 2003 H.B. 371, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al., A.L. 2009 H.B. 683, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1540, A.L. 2013 H.B. 103)



Inspection of state-owned vehicles, responsibility for.

307.402. All state agencies owning motor vehicles shall be responsible for obtaining an inspection of each of their vehicle's mechanism and equipment in accordance with the provisions of sections 307.350 to 307.402 and obtaining a certificate of inspection and approval and a sticker, seal or other device from a duly authorized official inspection station.

(L. 2002 H.B. 1270 and H.B. 2032)

Effective 7-11-02

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