Missouri Revised Statutes

Chapter 577
Public Safety Offenses

August 28, 2013




Chapter definitions.

577.001. 1. As used in this chapter, the term "court" means any circuit, associate circuit, or municipal court, including traffic court, but not any juvenile court or drug court.

2. As used in this chapter, the term "drive", "driving", "operates" or "operating" means physically driving or operating a motor vehicle.

3. As used in this chapter, a person is in an "intoxicated condition" when he is under the influence of alcohol, a controlled substance, or drug, or any combination thereof.

4. As used in this chapter, the term "law enforcement officer" or "arresting officer" includes the definition of law enforcement officer in subdivision (17) of section 556.061 and military policemen conducting traffic enforcement operations on a federal military installation under military jurisdiction in the state of Missouri.

5. As used in this chapter, "substance abuse traffic offender program" means a program certified by the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health to provide education or rehabilitation services pursuant to a professional assessment screening to identify the individual needs of the person who has been referred to the program as the result of an alcohol- or drug-related traffic offense. Successful completion of such a program includes participation in any education or rehabilitation program required to meet the needs identified in the assessment screening. The assignment recommendations based upon such assessment shall be subject to judicial review as provided in subsection 7 of section 577.041.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1986 H.B. 1531, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2005 H.B. 972 merged with S.B. 37, et al.)

(2003) Person sitting in driver's seat of vehicle, either asleep or unconscious and with key in ignition and engine running, is operating the vehicle within meaning of section. Cox v. Director of Revenue, 98 S.W.3d 548 (Mo.banc).



Intoxication--related traffic offenses, policies required for forwarding to MULES.

577.005. 1. Each law enforcement agency shall adopt a policy requiring arrest information for all intoxication-related traffic offenses be forwarded to the central repository as required by section 43.503 and shall certify adoption of such policy when applying for any grants administered by the department of public safety.

2. Each county prosecuting attorney and municipal prosecutor shall adopt a policy requiring charge information for all intoxication-related traffic offenses be forwarded to the central repository as required by section 43.503 and shall certify adoption of such policy when applying for any grants administered by the department of public safety.

3. Effective January 1, 2011, the highway patrol shall, based on the data submitted, maintain regular accountability reports of intoxication-related traffic offense arrests, charges, and dispositions.

(L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)



Intoxication-related traffic offenses, municipal judges to receive adequate instruction--written policy on timely disposition of cases--report required.

577.006. 1. Each municipal judge shall receive adequate instruction on the laws related to intoxication-related traffic offenses as defined in section 577.023 including jurisdictional issues related to such offenses, reporting requirements to the highway patrol central repository as set out in section 43.503 and required assessment for offenders under the substance abuse traffic offender program (SATOP). Each municipal judge shall adopt a written policy requiring that municipal court personnel timely report all dispositions of all charges for intoxication-related traffic offenses to the central repository.

2. Each municipal court shall provide a copy of its written policy for reporting dispositions of intoxication-related traffic offenses to the office of state courts administrator and the highway patrol. To assist municipal courts, the office of state courts administrator may create a model policy for the reporting of dispositions of all charges for intoxication-related traffic offenses.

3. Each municipal division of every circuit court in the state of Missouri shall prepare a report every six months. The report shall include, but shall not be limited to, the total number and disposition of every intoxication-related traffic offense adjudicated, dismissed or pending in its municipal court division. The municipal court division shall submit said report to the circuit court en banc. The report shall include the six-month period beginning January first and ending June thirtieth and the six-month period beginning July first and ending December thirty-first of each year. The report shall be submitted to the circuit court en banc no later than sixty days following the end of the reporting period. The circuit court en banc shall make recommendations or take any action it deems appropriate based on its review of said reports.

(L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)



Driving while intoxicated--sentencing restrictions, Jackson County and certain judicial circuits.

577.010. 1. A person commits the crime of "driving while intoxicated" if he operates a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition.

2. Driving while intoxicated is for the first offense, a class B misdemeanor. No person convicted of or pleading guilty to the offense of driving while intoxicated shall be granted a suspended imposition of sentence for such offense, unless such person shall be placed on probation for a minimum of two years.

3. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 2 of this section, in a circuit where a DWI court or docket created under section 478.007 or other court-ordered treatment program is available, no person who operated a motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in such person's blood shall be granted a suspended imposition of sentence unless the individual participates and successfully completes a program under such DWI court or docket or other court-ordered treatment program.

4. If a person is not granted a suspended imposition of sentence for the reasons described in subsection 3 of this section for such first offense:

(1) If the individual operated the motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths to twenty-hundredths of one percent by weight of alcohol in such person's blood, the required term of imprisonment shall be not less than forty-eight hours;

(2) If the individual operated the motor vehicle with greater than twenty-hundredths of one percent by weight of alcohol in such person's blood, the required term of imprisonment shall be not less than five days.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)

(2004) Section applies to the operation of motorized bicycles. State v. Laplante, 148 S.W.3d 347 (Mo.App.S.D.).



Driving with excessive blood alcohol content--sentencing restrictions, Jackson County and certain judicial circuits.

577.012. 1. A person commits the crime of "driving with excessive blood alcohol content" if such person operates a motor vehicle in this state with eight-hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in such person's blood.

2. As used in this section, percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood or two hundred ten liters of breath and may be shown by chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, saliva or urine. For the purposes of determining the alcoholic content of a person's blood under this section, the test shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 577.020 to 577.041.

3. For the first offense, driving with excessive blood alcohol content is a class B misdemeanor.

4. In a circuit where a DWI court or docket created under section 478.007 or other court-ordered treatment program is available, no person who operated a motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in such person's blood shall be granted a suspended imposition of sentence unless the individual participates and successfully completes a program under such DWI court or docket or other court-ordered treatment program.

5. If a person is not granted a suspended imposition of sentence for the reasons described in subsection 4 of this section, for such first offense:

(1) If the individual operated the motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths to twenty-hundredths of one percent by weight of alcohol in such person's blood, the required term of imprisonment shall be not less than forty-eight hours;

(2) If the individual operated the motor vehicle with greater than twenty-hundredths of one percent by weight of alcohol in such person's blood, the required term of imprisonment shall be not less than five days.

(L. 1975 S.B. 32, A.L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)

*Transferred 1978; formerly 564.439



Consumption of alcoholic beverages in moving motor vehicle, prohibited when--infraction--records, not to appear on.

577.017. 1. No person shall consume any alcoholic beverage while operating a moving motor vehicle upon the highways, as defined in section 301.010.

2. Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this section is guilty of an infraction.

3. Any infraction under this section shall not reflect on any records with the department of revenue.

(L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341 1)

Effective 7-1-92



Citation of law.

577.019. Sections 577.019 to 577.021 shall be known as the Alan Woods Law.

(L. 2006 S.B. 872, et al., 577.020 subsec. 1)



Chemical tests for alcohol content of blood--consent implied, when--administered, when, how--information available to person tested, contents--videotaping of chemical or field sobriety test admissible evidence.

577.020. 1. Any person who operates a motor vehicle upon the public highways of this state shall be deemed to have given consent to, subject to the provisions of sections 577.019 to 577.041, a chemical test or tests of the person's breath, blood, saliva or urine for the purpose of determining the alcohol or drug content of the person's blood pursuant to the following circumstances:

(1) If the person is arrested for any offense arising out of acts which the arresting officer had reasonable grounds to believe were committed while the person was driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition; or

(2) If the person is under the age of twenty-one, has been stopped by a law enforcement officer, and the law enforcement officer has reasonable grounds to believe that such person was driving a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or more by weight; or

(3) If the person is under the age of twenty-one, has been stopped by a law enforcement officer, and the law enforcement officer has reasonable grounds to believe that such person has committed a violation of the traffic laws of the state, or any political subdivision of the state, and such officer has reasonable grounds to believe, after making such stop, that such person has a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater;

(4) If the person is under the age of twenty-one, has been stopped at a sobriety checkpoint or roadblock and the law enforcement officer has reasonable grounds to believe that such person has a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater;

(5) If the person, while operating a motor vehicle, has been involved in a motor vehicle collision which resulted in a fatality or a readily apparent serious physical injury as defined in section 565.002, or has been arrested as evidenced by the issuance of a uniform traffic ticket for the violation of any state law or county or municipal ordinance with the exception of equipment violations contained in chapter 306, or similar provisions contained in county or municipal ordinances; or

(6) If the person, while operating a motor vehicle, has been involved in a motor vehicle collision which resulted in a fatality or serious physical injury as defined in section 565.002.

The test shall be administered at the direction of the law enforcement officer whenever the person has been arrested or stopped for any reason.

2. The implied consent to submit to the chemical tests listed in subsection 1 of this section shall be limited to not more than two such tests arising from the same arrest, incident or charge.

3. Chemical analysis of the person's breath, blood, saliva, or urine to be considered valid pursuant to the provisions of sections 577.019 to 577.041 shall be performed according to methods approved by the state department of health and senior services by licensed medical personnel or by a person possessing a valid permit issued by the state department of health and senior services for this purpose.

4. The state department of health and senior services shall approve satisfactory techniques, devices, equipment, or methods to be considered valid pursuant to the provisions of sections 577.019 to 577.041 and shall establish standards to ascertain the qualifications and competence of individuals to conduct analyses and to issue permits which shall be subject to termination or revocation by the state department of health and senior services.

5. The person tested may have a physician, or a qualified technician, chemist, registered nurse, or other qualified person at the choosing and expense of the person to be tested, administer a test in addition to any administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer. The failure or inability to obtain an additional test by a person shall not preclude the admission of evidence relating to the test taken at the direction of a law enforcement officer.

6. Upon the request of the person who is tested, full information concerning the test shall be made available to such person. Full information is limited to the following:

(1) The type of test administered and the procedures followed;

(2) The time of the collection of the blood or breath sample or urine analyzed;

(3) The numerical results of the test indicating the alcohol content of the blood and breath and urine;

(4) The type and status of any permit which was held by the person who performed the test;

(5) If the test was administered by means of a breath-testing instrument, the date of performance of the most recent required maintenance of such instrument.

Full information does not include manuals, schematics, or software of the instrument used to test the person or any other material that is not in the actual possession of the state. Additionally, full information does not include information in the possession of the manufacturer of the test instrument.

7. Any person given a chemical test of the person's breath pursuant to subsection 1 of this section or a field sobriety test may be videotaped during any such test at the direction of the law enforcement officer. Any such video recording made during the chemical test pursuant to this subsection or a field sobriety test shall be admissible as evidence at either any trial of such person for either a violation of any state law or county or municipal ordinance, or any license revocation or suspension proceeding pursuant to the provisions of chapter 302.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1983 S.B. 318 & 135, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 1998 S.B. 634, A.L. 2001 H.B. 144 & 46, A.L. 2006 S.B. 872, et al.)



Chemical testing authorized--reasonable efforts to test required--admissibility--severability clause.

577.021. 1. Any state, county or municipal law enforcement officer who has the power of arrest for violations of section 577.010 or 577.012 and who is certified pursuant to chapter 590 may, prior to arrest, administer a chemical test to any person suspected of operating a motor vehicle in violation of section 577.010 or 577.012.

2. Any state, county, or municipal law enforcement officer who has the power of arrest for violations of section 577.010 or 577.012 and who is certified under chapter 590 shall make all reasonable efforts to administer a chemical test to any person suspected of driving a motor vehicle involved in a collision which resulted in a fatality or serious physical injury as defined in section 565.002.

3. A test administered pursuant to this section shall be admissible as evidence of probable cause to arrest and as exculpatory evidence, but shall not be admissible as evidence of blood alcohol content. The provisions of sections 577.019 and 577.020 shall not apply to a test administered prior to arrest pursuant to this section.

The provisions changing chapter 577 are severable from this legislation. The general assembly would have enacted the remainder of this legislation without the changes made to chapter 577, and the remainder of the legislation is not essentially and inseparably connected with or dependent upon the changes to chapter 577.

(L. 1993 S.B. 167, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2006 S.B. 872, et al.)



Aggravated, chronic, persistent and prior offenders--enhanced penalties--imprisonment requirements, exceptions--procedures--definitions.

577.023. 1. For purposes of this section, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(1) An "aggravated offender" is a person who:

(a) Has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of three or more intoxication-related traffic offenses; or

(b) Has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of one or more intoxication-related traffic offense and, in addition, any of the following: involuntary manslaughter under subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 565.024; murder in the second degree under section 565.021, where the underlying felony is an intoxication-related traffic offense; or assault in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.060; or assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.082;

(2) A "chronic offender" is:

(a) A person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of four or more intoxication-related traffic offenses; or

(b) A person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of, on two or more separate occasions, any combination of the following: involuntary manslaughter under subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 565.024; murder in the second degree under section 565.021, where the underlying felony is an intoxication-related traffic offense; assault in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.060; or assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.082; or

(c) A person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of two or more intoxication-related traffic offenses and, in addition, any of the following: involuntary manslaughter under subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 565.024; murder in the second degree under section 565.021, where the underlying felony is an intoxication-related traffic offense; assault in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.060; or assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree under subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.082;

(3) "Continuous alcohol monitoring", automatically testing breath, blood, or transdermal alcohol concentration levels and tampering attempts at least once every hour, regardless of the location of the person who is being monitored, and regularly transmitting the data. Continuous alcohol monitoring shall be considered an electronic monitoring service under subsection 3 of section 217.690;

(4) An "intoxication-related traffic offense" is driving while intoxicated, driving with excessive blood alcohol content, involuntary manslaughter pursuant to subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 565.024, murder in the second degree under section 565.021, where the underlying felony is an intoxication-related traffic offense, assault in the second degree pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.060, assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.082, or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs in violation of state law or a county or municipal ordinance;

(5) A "persistent offender" is one of the following:

(a) A person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of two or more intoxication-related traffic offenses;

(b) A person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of involuntary manslaughter pursuant to subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 565.024, assault in the second degree pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.060, assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection 1 of section 565.082; and

(6) A "prior offender" is a person who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of one intoxication-related traffic offense, where such prior offense occurred within five years of the occurrence of the intoxication-related traffic offense for which the person is charged.

2. Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of section 577.010 or 577.012 who is alleged and proved to be a prior offender shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

3. Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of section 577.010 or 577.012 who is alleged and proved to be a persistent offender shall be guilty of a class D felony.

4. Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of section 577.010 or section 577.012 who is alleged and proved to be an aggravated offender shall be guilty of a class C felony.

5. Any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of section 577.010 or section 577.012 who is alleged and proved to be a chronic offender shall be guilty of a class B felony.

6. No state, county, or municipal court shall suspend the imposition of sentence as to a prior offender, persistent offender, aggravated offender, or chronic offender under this section nor sentence such person to pay a fine in lieu of a term of imprisonment, section 557.011 to the contrary notwithstanding.

(1) No prior offender shall be eligible for parole or probation until he or she has served a minimum of ten days imprisonment:

(a) Unless as a condition of such parole or probation such person performs at least thirty days involving at least two hundred forty hours of community service under the supervision of the court in those jurisdictions which have a recognized program for community service; or

(b) The offender participates in and successfully completes a program established pursuant to section 478.007 or other court-ordered treatment program, if available, and as part of either program, the offender performs at least thirty days of community service under the supervision of the court.

(2) No persistent offender shall be eligible for parole or probation until he or she has served a minimum of thirty days imprisonment:

(a) Unless as a condition of such parole or probation such person performs at least sixty days involving at least four hundred eighty hours of community service under the supervision of the court; or

(b) The offender participates in and successfully completes a program established pursuant to section 478.007 or other court-ordered treatment program, if available, and as part of either program, the offender performs at least sixty days of community service under the supervision of the court.

(3) No aggravated offender shall be eligible for parole or probation until he or she has served a minimum of sixty days imprisonment.

(4) No chronic offender shall be eligible for parole or probation until he or she has served a minimum of two years imprisonment.

In addition to any other terms or conditions of probation, the court shall consider, as a condition of probation for any person who pleads guilty to or is found guilty of an intoxication-related traffic offense, requiring the offender to abstain from consuming or using alcohol or any products containing alcohol as demonstrated by continuous alcohol monitoring or by verifiable breath alcohol testing performed a minimum of four times per day as scheduled by the court for such duration as determined by the court, but not less than ninety days. The court may, in addition to imposing any other fine, costs, or assessments provided by law, require the offender to bear any costs associated with continuous alcohol monitoring or verifiable breath alcohol testing.

7. The state, county, or municipal court shall find the defendant to be a prior offender, persistent offender, aggravated offender, or chronic offender if:

(1) The indictment or information, original or amended, or the information in lieu of an indictment pleads all essential facts warranting a finding that the defendant is a prior offender or persistent offender; and

(2) Evidence is introduced that establishes sufficient facts pleaded to warrant a finding beyond a reasonable doubt the defendant is a prior offender, persistent offender, aggravated offender, or chronic offender; and

(3) The court makes findings of fact that warrant a finding beyond a reasonable doubt by the court that the defendant is a prior offender, persistent offender, aggravated offender, or chronic offender.

8. In a jury trial, the facts shall be pleaded, established and found prior to submission to the jury outside of its hearing.

9. In a trial without a jury or upon a plea of guilty, the court may defer the proof in findings of such facts to a later time, but prior to sentencing.

10. The defendant shall be accorded full rights of confrontation and cross-examination, with the opportunity to present evidence, at such hearings.

11. The defendant may waive proof of the facts alleged.

12. Nothing in this section shall prevent the use of presentence investigations or commitments.

13. At the sentencing hearing both the state, county, or municipality and the defendant shall be permitted to present additional information bearing on the issue of sentence.

14. The pleas or findings of guilt shall be prior to the date of commission of the present offense.

15. The court shall not instruct the jury as to the range of punishment or allow the jury, upon a finding of guilt, to assess and declare the punishment as part of its verdict in cases of prior offenders, persistent offenders, aggravated offenders, or chronic offenders.

16. Evidence of a prior conviction, plea of guilty, or finding of guilt in an intoxication-related traffic offense shall be heard and determined by the trial court out of the hearing of the jury prior to the submission of the case to the jury, and shall include but not be limited to evidence received by a search of the records of the Missouri uniform law enforcement system, including criminal history records from the central repository or records from the driving while intoxicated tracking system (DWITS) maintained by the Missouri state highway patrol, or the certified driving record maintained by the Missouri department of revenue. After hearing the evidence, the court shall enter its findings thereon. A plea of guilty or a finding of guilt followed by incarceration, a fine, a suspended imposition of sentence, suspended execution of sentence, probation or parole or any combination thereof in any intoxication-related traffic offense in a state, county or municipal court or any combination thereof shall be treated as a prior plea of guilty or finding of guilt for purposes of this section.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1983 S.B. 318 & 135, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167 merged with S.B. 180, A.L. 1998 S.B. 634, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353 merged with H.B. 972 and S.B. 37, et al. merged with H.B. 353, A.L. 2005 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 2, A.L. 2008 H.B. 1715, A.L. 2008 H.B. 1715 merged with S.B. 930 & 947, A.L. 2009 H.B. 62, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al., A.L. 2011 H.B. 199, A.L. 2012 S.B. 480)

(2005) Provision of section enhancing driving while intoxicated charge from misdemeanor to felony, by including prior DWI charges only from courts in which the judge was a lawyer, is constitutional under the Equal Protection and Due Process clauses. State v. Pike, 162 S.W.3d 464 (Mo.banc).



Chemical tests, results, valid, when--department of health and senior services to approve methods and devices and establish standards.

577.026. 1. Chemical tests of the person's breath, blood, saliva, or urine to be considered valid under the provisions of sections 577.020 to 577.041, shall be performed according to methods and devices approved by the state department of health and senior services by licensed medical personnel or by a person possessing a valid permit issued by the state department of health and senior services for this purpose.

2. The state department of health and senior services shall approve satisfactory techniques, devices, equipment, or methods to conduct tests required by sections 577.020 to 577.041, and shall establish standards as to the qualifications and competence of individuals to conduct analyses and to issue permits which shall be subject to termination or revocation by the state department of health and senior services.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513)



Blood alcohol content tests, how made, by whom, when--person tested to receive certain information, when.

577.029. A licensed physician, registered nurse, or trained medical technician, acting at the request and direction of the law enforcement officer, shall withdraw blood for the purpose of determining the alcohol content of the blood, unless such medical personnel, in his or her good faith medical judgment, believes such procedure would endanger the life or health of the person in custody. Blood may be withdrawn only by such medical personnel, but such restriction shall not apply to the taking of a breath test, a saliva specimen, or a urine specimen. In withdrawing blood for the purpose of determining the alcohol content thereof, only a previously unused and sterile needle and sterile vessel shall be utilized and the withdrawal shall otherwise be in strict accord with accepted medical practices. Upon the request of the person who is tested, full information concerning the test taken at the direction of the law enforcement officer shall be made available to him or her.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 2007 H.B. 574, A.L. 2009 H.B. 62)

Effective 7-09-09



Persons administering tests not liable, when.

577.031. No person who administers any test pursuant to the provisions of sections 577.020 to 577.041 upon the request of a law enforcement officer, no hospital in or with which such person is employed or is otherwise associated or in which such test is administered, and no other person, firm, or corporation by whom or with which such person is employed or is in any way associated, shall be civilly liable in damages to the person tested unless for gross negligence or by willful or wanton act or omission.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513)



Inability of person to be tested to refuse, effect.

577.033. Any person who is dead, unconscious or who is otherwise in a condition rendering him incapable of refusing to take a test as provided in sections 577.020 to 577.041 shall be deemed not to have withdrawn the consent provided by section 577.020 and the test or tests may be administered.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513)



Chemical tests, results admitted into evidence, when, effect of.

577.037. 1. Upon the trial of any person for violation of any of the provisions of section 565.024, or section 565.060, or section 577.010 or 577.012, or upon the trial of any criminal action or violations of county or municipal ordinances or in any license suspension or revocation proceeding pursuant to the provisions of chapter 302 arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by any person while driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated condition, the amount of alcohol in the person's blood at the time of the act alleged as shown by any chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, saliva or urine is admissible in evidence and the provisions of subdivision (5) of section 491.060 shall not prevent the admissibility or introduction of such evidence if otherwise admissible. If there was eight-hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in the person's blood, this shall be prima facie evidence that the person was intoxicated at the time the specimen was taken.

2. Percent by weight of alcohol in the blood shall be based upon grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood or grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath.

3. The foregoing provisions of this section shall not be construed as limiting the introduction of any other competent evidence bearing upon the question whether the person was intoxicated.

4. A chemical analysis of a person's breath, blood, saliva or urine, in order to give rise to the presumption or to have the effect provided for in subsection 1 of this section, shall have been performed as provided in sections 577.020 to 577.041 and in accordance with methods and standards approved by the state department of health and senior services.

5. Any charge alleging a violation of section 577.010 or 577.012 or any county or municipal ordinance prohibiting driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol shall be dismissed with prejudice if a chemical analysis of the defendant's breath, blood, saliva, or urine performed in accordance with sections 577.020 to 577.041 and rules promulgated thereunder by the state department of health and senior services demonstrate that there was less than eight-hundredths of one percent of alcohol in the defendant's blood unless one or more of the following considerations cause the court to find a dismissal unwarranted:

(1) There is evidence that the chemical analysis is unreliable as evidence of the defendant's intoxication at the time of the alleged violation due to the lapse of time between the alleged violation and the obtaining of the specimen;

(2) There is evidence that the defendant was under the influence of a controlled substance, or drug, or a combination of either or both with or without alcohol; or

(3) There is substantial evidence of intoxication from physical observations of witnesses or admissions of the defendant.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1983 S.B. 318 & 135, A.L. 1988 H.B. 1242 Revision, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167 merged with S.B. 180, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38)

Effective 9-29-01

(2005) Invocation of right of refusal under section 577.041 negates implied consent; a chemical test performed in spite of such refusal is inadmissible in a revocation hearing. Murphy v. Director of Revenue, 170 S.W.3d 507 (Mo.App.W.D.).



Arrest without warrant, lawful, when.

577.039. An arrest without a warrant by a law enforcement officer, including a uniformed member of the state highway patrol, for a violation of section 577.010 or 577.012 is lawful whenever the arresting officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has violated the section, whether or not the violation occurred in the presence of the arresting officer.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)

(2006) Accident under section requires either property damage or personal injury. Reed v. Director of Revenue, 184 S.W.3d 564 (Mo.banc).



Refusal to submit to chemical test--notice, report of peace officer, contents--revocation of license, hearing--evidence, admissibility--reinstatement of licenses--substance abuse traffic offender program--assignment recommendations, judicial review--fees.

577.041. 1. If a person under arrest, or who has been stopped pursuant to subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 577.020, refuses upon the request of the officer to submit to any test allowed pursuant to section 577.020, then evidence of the refusal shall be admissible in a proceeding pursuant to section 565.024, 565.060, or 565.082, or section 577.010 or 577.012. The request of the officer shall include the reasons of the officer for requesting the person to submit to a test and also shall inform the person that evidence of refusal to take the test may be used against such person and that the person's license shall be immediately revoked upon refusal to take the test. If a person when requested to submit to any test allowed pursuant to section 577.020 requests to speak to an attorney, the person shall be granted twenty minutes in which to attempt to contact an attorney. If upon the completion of the twenty-minute period the person continues to refuse to submit to any test, it shall be deemed a refusal. In this event, the officer shall, on behalf of the director of revenue, serve the notice of license revocation personally upon the person and shall take possession of any license to operate a motor vehicle issued by this state which is held by that person. The officer shall issue a temporary permit, on behalf of the director of revenue, which is valid for fifteen days and shall also give the person a notice of such person's right to file a petition for review to contest the license revocation.

2. The officer shall make a certified report under penalties of perjury for making a false statement to a public official. The report shall be forwarded to the director of revenue and shall include the following:

(1) That the officer has:

(a) Reasonable grounds to believe that the arrested person was driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition; or

(b) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was driving a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or more by weight; or

(c) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was committing a violation of the traffic laws of the state, or political subdivision of the state, and such officer has reasonable grounds to believe, after making such stop, that the person had a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater;

(2) That the person refused to submit to a chemical test;

(3) Whether the officer secured the license to operate a motor vehicle of the person;

(4) Whether the officer issued a fifteen-day temporary permit;

(5) Copies of the notice of revocation, the fifteen-day temporary permit and the notice of the right to file a petition for review, which notices and permit may be combined in one document; and

(6) Any license to operate a motor vehicle which the officer has taken into possession.

3. Upon receipt of the officer's report, the director shall revoke the license of the person refusing to take the test for a period of one year; or if the person is a nonresident, such person's operating permit or privilege shall be revoked for one year; or if the person is a resident without a license or permit to operate a motor vehicle in this state, an order shall be issued denying the person the issuance of a license or permit for a period of one year.

4. If a person's license has been revoked because of the person's refusal to submit to a chemical test, such person may petition for a hearing before a circuit division or associate division of the court in the county in which the arrest or stop occurred. The person may request such court to issue an order staying the revocation until such time as the petition for review can be heard. If the court, in its discretion, grants such stay, it shall enter the order upon a form prescribed by the director of revenue and shall send a copy of such order to the director. Such order shall serve as proof of the privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state and the director shall maintain possession of the person's license to operate a motor vehicle until termination of any revocation pursuant to this section. Upon the person's request the clerk of the court shall notify the prosecuting attorney of the county and the prosecutor shall appear at the hearing on behalf of the director of revenue. At the hearing the court shall determine only:

(1) Whether or not the person was arrested or stopped;

(2) Whether or not the officer had:

(a) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition; or

(b) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was driving a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or more by weight; or

(c) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was committing a violation of the traffic laws of the state, or political subdivision of the state, and such officer had reasonable grounds to believe, after making such stop, that the person had a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater; and

(3) Whether or not the person refused to submit to the test.

5. If the court determines any issue not to be in the affirmative, the court shall order the director to reinstate the license or permit to drive.

6. Requests for review as provided in this section shall go to the head of the docket of the court wherein filed.

7. No person who has had a license to operate a motor vehicle suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section shall have that license reinstated until such person has participated in and successfully completed a substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 577.001, or a program determined to be comparable by the department of mental health or the court. Assignment recommendations, based upon the needs assessment as described in subdivision (24) of section 302.010, shall be delivered in writing to the person with written notice that the person is entitled to have such assignment recommendations reviewed by the court if the person objects to the recommendations. The person may file a motion in the associate division of the circuit court of the county in which such assignment was given, on a printed form provided by the state courts administrator, to have the court hear and determine such motion pursuant to the provisions of chapter 517. The motion shall name the person or entity making the needs assessment as the respondent and a copy of the motion shall be served upon the respondent in any manner allowed by law. Upon hearing the motion, the court may modify or waive any assignment recommendation that the court determines to be unwarranted based upon a review of the needs assessment, the person's driving record, the circumstances surrounding the offense, and the likelihood of the person committing a like offense in the future, except that the court may modify but may not waive the assignment to an education or rehabilitation program of a person determined to be a prior or persistent offender as defined in section 577.023, or of a person determined to have operated a motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths of one percent or more by weight in such person's blood. Compliance with the court determination of the motion shall satisfy the provisions of this section for the purpose of reinstating such person's license to operate a motor vehicle. The respondent's personal appearance at any hearing conducted pursuant to this subsection shall not be necessary unless directed by the court.

8. The fees for the substance abuse traffic offender program, or a portion thereof to be determined by the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health, shall be paid by the person enrolled in the program. Any person who is enrolled in the program shall pay, in addition to any fee charged for the program, a supplemental fee to be determined by the department of mental health for the purposes of funding the substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 302.010 and section 577.001. The administrator of the program shall remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health on or before the fifteenth day of each month the supplemental fee for all persons enrolled in the program, less two percent for administrative costs. Interest shall be charged on any unpaid balance of the supplemental fees due the division of alcohol and drug abuse pursuant to this section and shall accrue at a rate not to exceed the annual rates established pursuant to the provisions of section 32.065, plus three percentage points. The supplemental fees and any interest received by the department of mental health pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the mental health earnings fund which is created in section 630.053.

9. Any administrator who fails to remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health the supplemental fees and interest for all persons enrolled in the program pursuant to this section shall be subject to a penalty equal to the amount of interest accrued on the supplemental fees due the division pursuant to this section. If the supplemental fees, interest, and penalties are not remitted to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health within six months of the due date, the attorney general of the state of Missouri shall initiate appropriate action of the collection of said fees and interest accrued. The court shall assess attorney fees and court costs against any delinquent program.

10. Any person who has had a license to operate a motor vehicle revoked under this section and who has a prior alcohol-related enforcement contact, as defined in section 302.525, shall be required to file proof with the director of revenue that any motor vehicle operated by the person is equipped with a functioning, certified ignition interlock device as a required condition of license reinstatement. Such ignition interlock device shall further be required to be maintained on all motor vehicles operated by the person for a period of not less than six months immediately following the date of reinstatement. If the monthly monitoring reports show that the ignition interlock device has registered any confirmed blood alcohol concentration readings above the alcohol setpoint established by the department of transportation or that the person has tampered with or circumvented the ignition interlock device, then the period for which the person must maintain the ignition interlock device following the date of reinstatement shall be extended for an additional six months. If the person fails to maintain such proof with the director as required by this section, the license shall be rerevoked and the person shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

11. The revocation period of any person whose license and driving privilege has been revoked under this section and who has filed proof of financial responsibility with the department of revenue in accordance with chapter 303 and is otherwise eligible, shall be terminated by a notice from the director of revenue after one year from the effective date of the revocation. Unless proof of financial responsibility is filed with the department of revenue, the revocation shall remain in effect for a period of two years from its effective date. If the person fails to maintain proof of financial responsibility in accordance with chapter 303, the person's license and driving privilege shall be rerevoked and the person shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1987 S.B. 230, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167 merged with S.B. 180, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 1998 S.B. 634, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2002 H.B. 2062, A.L. 2003 H.B. 600, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353 merged with H.B. 487, A.L. 2008 S.B. 930 & 947, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al., A.L. 2013 S.B. 23)

*Effective 3-03-14

*This section was amended by S.B. 23, 2013. Due to a delayed effective date, both versions of this section are printed here.

(2010) Twenty-minute waiting period begins running immediately after the officer has informed the driver of the implied consent law, regardless of whether the driver requested an attorney before or after the information was provided. Norris v. Director of Revenue, 304 S.W.3d 724 (Mo.banc).



Refusal to submit to chemical test--notice, report of peace officer, contents--revocation of license, hearing--evidence, admissibility--reinstatement of licenses--substance abuse traffic offender program--assignment recommendations, judicial review--fees.

577.041. 1. If a person under arrest, or who has been stopped pursuant to subdivision (2) or (3) of subsection 1 of section 577.020, refuses upon the request of the officer to submit to any test allowed pursuant to section 577.020, then evidence of the refusal shall be admissible in a proceeding pursuant to section 565.024, 565.060, or 565.082, or section 577.010 or 577.012. The request of the officer shall include the reasons of the officer for requesting the person to submit to a test and also shall inform the person that evidence of refusal to take the test may be used against such person and that the person's license shall be immediately revoked upon refusal to take the test. If a person when requested to submit to any test allowed pursuant to section 577.020 requests to speak to an attorney, the person shall be granted twenty minutes in which to attempt to contact an attorney. If upon the completion of the twenty-minute period the person continues to refuse to submit to any test, it shall be deemed a refusal. In this event, the officer shall, on behalf of the director of revenue, serve the notice of license revocation personally upon the person and shall take possession of any license to operate a motor vehicle issued by this state which is held by that person. The officer shall issue a temporary permit, on behalf of the director of revenue, which is valid for fifteen days and shall also give the person a notice of such person's right to file a petition for review to contest the license revocation.

2. The officer shall make a certified report under penalties of perjury for making a false statement to a public official. The report shall be forwarded to the director of revenue and shall include the following:

(1) That the officer has:

(a) Reasonable grounds to believe that the arrested person was driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition; or

(b) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was driving a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or more by weight; or

(c) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was committing a violation of the traffic laws of the state, or political subdivision of the state, and such officer has reasonable grounds to believe, after making such stop, that the person had a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater;

(2) That the person refused to submit to a chemical test;

(3) Whether the officer secured the license to operate a motor vehicle of the person;

(4) Whether the officer issued a fifteen-day temporary permit;

(5) Copies of the notice of revocation, the fifteen-day temporary permit and the notice of the right to file a petition for review, which notices and permit may be combined in one document; and

(6) Any license to operate a motor vehicle which the officer has taken into possession.

3. Upon receipt of the officer's report, the director shall revoke the license of the person refusing to take the test for a period of one year; or if the person is a nonresident, such person's operating permit or privilege shall be revoked for one year; or if the person is a resident without a license or permit to operate a motor vehicle in this state, an order shall be issued denying the person the issuance of a license or permit for a period of one year.

4. If a person's license has been revoked because of the person's refusal to submit to a chemical test, such person may petition for a hearing before a circuit division or associate division of the court in the county in which the arrest or stop occurred. The person may request such court to issue an order staying the revocation until such time as the petition for review can be heard. If the court, in its discretion, grants such stay, it shall enter the order upon a form prescribed by the director of revenue and shall send a copy of such order to the director. Such order shall serve as proof of the privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state and the director shall maintain possession of the person's license to operate a motor vehicle until termination of any revocation pursuant to this section. Upon the person's request the clerk of the court shall notify the prosecuting attorney of the county and the prosecutor shall appear at the hearing on behalf of the director of revenue. At the hearing the court shall determine only:

(1) Whether or not the person was arrested or stopped;

(2) Whether or not the officer had:

(a) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving a motor vehicle while in an intoxicated or drugged condition; or

(b) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was driving a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or more by weight; or

(c) Reasonable grounds to believe that the person stopped, being under the age of twenty-one years, was committing a violation of the traffic laws of the state, or political subdivision of the state, and such officer had reasonable grounds to believe, after making such stop, that the person had a blood alcohol content of two-hundredths of one percent or greater; and

(3) Whether or not the person refused to submit to the test.

5. If the court determines any issue not to be in the affirmative, the court shall order the director to reinstate the license or permit to drive.

6. Requests for review as provided in this section shall go to the head of the docket of the court wherein filed.

7. No person who has had a license to operate a motor vehicle suspended or revoked pursuant to the provisions of this section shall have that license reinstated until such person has participated in and successfully completed a substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 577.001, or a program determined to be comparable by the department of mental health or the court. Assignment recommendations, based upon the needs assessment as described in subdivision (23) of section 302.010, shall be delivered in writing to the person with written notice that the person is entitled to have such assignment recommendations reviewed by the court if the person objects to the recommendations. The person may file a motion in the associate division of the circuit court of the county in which such assignment was given, on a printed form provided by the state courts administrator, to have the court hear and determine such motion pursuant to the provisions of chapter 517. The motion shall name the person or entity making the needs assessment as the respondent and a copy of the motion shall be served upon the respondent in any manner allowed by law. Upon hearing the motion, the court may modify or waive any assignment recommendation that the court determines to be unwarranted based upon a review of the needs assessment, the person's driving record, the circumstances surrounding the offense, and the likelihood of the person committing a like offense in the future, except that the court may modify but may not waive the assignment to an education or rehabilitation program of a person determined to be a prior or persistent offender as defined in section 577.023, or of a person determined to have operated a motor vehicle with fifteen-hundredths of one percent or more by weight in such person's blood. Compliance with the court determination of the motion shall satisfy the provisions of this section for the purpose of reinstating such person's license to operate a motor vehicle. The respondent's personal appearance at any hearing conducted pursuant to this subsection shall not be necessary unless directed by the court.

8. The fees for the substance abuse traffic offender program, or a portion thereof to be determined by the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health, shall be paid by the person enrolled in the program. Any person who is enrolled in the program shall pay, in addition to any fee charged for the program, a supplemental fee to be determined by the department of mental health for the purposes of funding the substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 302.010 and section 577.001. The administrator of the program shall remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health on or before the fifteenth day of each month the supplemental fee for all persons enrolled in the program, less two percent for administrative costs. Interest shall be charged on any unpaid balance of the supplemental fees due the division of alcohol and drug abuse pursuant to this section and shall accrue at a rate not to exceed the annual rates established pursuant to the provisions of section 32.065, plus three percentage points. The supplemental fees and any interest received by the department of mental health pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the mental health earnings fund which is created in section 630.053.

9. Any administrator who fails to remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health the supplemental fees and interest for all persons enrolled in the program pursuant to this section shall be subject to a penalty equal to the amount of interest accrued on the supplemental fees due the division pursuant to this section. If the supplemental fees, interest, and penalties are not remitted to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health within six months of the due date, the attorney general of the state of Missouri shall initiate appropriate action of the collection of said fees and interest accrued. The court shall assess attorney fees and court costs against any delinquent program.

10. Any person who has had a license to operate a motor vehicle revoked more than once for violation of the provisions of this section shall be required to file proof with the director of revenue that any motor vehicle operated by the person is equipped with a functioning, certified ignition interlock device as a required condition of license reinstatement. Such ignition interlock device shall further be required to be maintained on all motor vehicles operated by the person for a period of not less than six months immediately following the date of reinstatement. If the person fails to maintain such proof with the director as required by this section, the license shall be rerevoked and the person shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

11. The revocation period of any person whose license and driving privilege has been revoked under this section and who has filed proof of financial responsibility with the department of revenue in accordance with chapter 303 and is otherwise eligible, shall be terminated by a notice from the director of revenue after one year from the effective date of the revocation. Unless proof of financial responsibility is filed with the department of revenue, the revocation shall remain in effect for a period of two years from its effective date. If the person fails to maintain proof of financial responsibility in accordance with chapter 303, the person's license and driving privilege shall be rerevoked and the person shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1987 S.B. 230, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167 merged with S.B. 180, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 1998 S.B. 634, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2002 H.B. 2062, A.L. 2003 H.B. 600, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353 merged with H.B. 487, A.L. 2008 S.B. 930 & 947, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)

*This section was amended by S.B. 23 , 2013, effective 3-03-14. Due to a delayed effective date, both versions of this section are printed here.

(2000) Section specifically provides that venue for petition for review of driver's license revocation for refusal to submit to chemical test is in circuit court in county in which the arrest or stop occurred and thus applies versus the more general provisions of section 302.311. State ex rel. Director of Revenue v. Gaertner, 32 S.W.3d 564 (Mo.banc).

(2000) Time limit for contacting an attorney begins to run for arrestee upon being advised of requirements of implied consent law. Brown v. Director of Revenue, 34 S.W.3d 166 (Mo.App.W.D.).

(2002) At trial de novo following administrative revocation of driver's license under implied consent law, licensee may not contest revocation solely on grounds that he was not driving the motor vehicle. Hinnah v. Director of Revenue, 77 S.W.3d 616 (Mo.banc).

(2004) Clause "none shall be given" applies only to authority of law enforcement officers to proceed with a warrantless test and does not restrict a court's power to issue a search warrant to obtain blood sample. State v. Smith, 134 S.W.3d 35 (Mo.App.E.D.).

(2004) In driver's license revocation review by trial court, issue of authority of the director of revenue to revoke license in absence of arresting officer's sworn report is not before the court. Baker v. Director of Revenue, 151 S.W.3d 144 (Mo.App.S.D.).

(2010) Twenty-minute waiting period begins running immediately after the officer has informed the driver of the implied consent law, regardless of whether the driver requested an attorney before or after the information was provided. Norris v. Director of Revenue, 304 S.W.3d 724 (Mo.banc).



Substance abuse traffic offender program, court may order participation in, when--professional assessment--supplemental fees, deposition--failure to remit, penalty.

577.049. 1. Upon a plea of guilty or a finding of guilty for an offense of violating the provisions of section 577.010 or 577.012 or violations of county or municipal ordinances involving alcohol- or drug-related traffic offenses, the court shall order the person to participate in and successfully complete a substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 577.001.

2. The fees for the substance abuse traffic offender program, or a portion thereof, to be determined by the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health, shall be paid by the person enrolling in the program. Any person who is enrolled in the program shall pay, in addition to any fee charged for the program, a supplemental fee to be determined by the department of mental health for the purposes of funding the substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 302.010 and section 577.001. The administrator of the program shall remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health on or before the fifteenth day of each month the supplemental fees for all persons enrolled in the program, less two percent for administrative costs. Interest shall be charged on any unpaid balance of the supplemental fees due the division of alcohol and drug abuse pursuant to this section and shall accrue at a rate not to exceed the annual rates established pursuant to the provisions of section 32.065 plus three percentage points. The supplemental fees and any interest received by the department of mental health pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the mental health earnings fund which is created in section 630.053.

3. Any administrator who fails to remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health the supplemental fees and interest for all persons enrolled in the program pursuant to this section shall be subject to a penalty equal to the amount of interest accrued on the supplemental fees due the division pursuant to this section. If the supplemental fees, interest, and penalties are not remitted to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health within six months of the due date, the attorney general of the state of Missouri shall initiate appropriate action of the collection of said fees and interest accrued. The court shall assess attorney fees and court costs against any delinquent program.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2003 H.B. 600)

Effective 7-01-03



Missouri uniform law enforcement system records, information entered by highway patrol, when, made available, to whom--failure to furnish records to patrol, penalty--forms and procedure for filing records.

577.051. 1. A record of the disposition in any court proceeding involving a violation of any of the provisions of sections 577.005* to 577.023, or violation of county or municipal ordinances involving alcohol- or drug-related driving offenses shall be forwarded to the department of revenue, within seven days by the clerk of the court in which the proceeding was held. The records shall be forwarded by the department of revenue within fifteen days of receipt to the Missouri state highway patrol and shall be entered by the highway patrol in the Missouri uniform law enforcement system records. Dispositions that shall be reported are pleas of guilty, findings of guilty, suspended imposition of sentence, suspended execution of sentence, probation, conditional sentences, sentences of confinement, and any other such dispositions that may be required under state or federal regulations. The record forwarded by the clerk shall clearly show the court, the court case number, the name, address, and motor vehicle operator's or chauffeur's license number of the person who is the subject of the proceeding, the code or number identifying the particular arrest, and any court action or requirements pertaining thereto.

2. All records received by the Missouri state highway patrol or the department of revenue under the provisions of this section shall be entered in the Missouri uniform law enforcement system records and maintained by the Missouri state highway patrol. Records placed in the Missouri uniform law enforcement system under the provisions of this section shall be made available to any law enforcement officer in this state, any prosecuting or circuit attorney in this state, or to any judge of a municipal or state court upon request.

3. Any person required by this section to furnish records to the Missouri state highway patrol or department of revenue who willfully refuses to furnish such records is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.

4. Records required to be filed with the Missouri state highway patrol or the department of revenue under the provisions of sections 302.225 and 577.001 to 577.051 shall be filed beginning July 1, 1983, and no penalties for nonfiling of records shall be applied prior to July 1, 1983.

5. Forms and procedures for filing of records with the Missouri state highway patrol or department of revenue as required in this chapter shall be promulgated by the director of the department of public safety or department of revenue, as applicable, and approved by the Missouri supreme court.

6. All record-keeping procedures required under the provisions of sections 577.005* to 577.023 shall be in accordance with this section, chapter 610 to the contrary notwithstanding.

(L. 1982 S.B. 513, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3, A.L. 1997 S.B. 248, A.L. 2003 H.B. 613 merged with S.B. 468, A.L. 2007 H.B. 574)

*Section 577.005 was repealed by S.B. 276 1, 1983.



Rules, effective, when--rules invalid and void, when.

577.052. Any rule or portion of a rule promulgated pursuant to this act* shall become effective only as provided pursuant to chapter 536 including, but not limited to, section 536.028, if applicable, after August 28, 1997. All rulemaking authority delegated prior to August 28, 1997, is of no force and effect and repealed. The provisions of this section are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to section 536.028, if applicable, to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule or portion of a rule are held unconstitutional or invalid, the purported grant of rulemaking authority and any rule so proposed and contained in the order of rulemaking shall be invalid and void.

(L. 1997 S.B. 248 1)

*"This act" (S.B. 248, 1997) contains numerous sections. Consult Disposition of Sections table for definitive listing.



Alcohol-related driving offenses, expunged from records, when--procedures, effect--limitations

577.054. 1. After a period of not less than ten years, an individual who has pleaded guilty or has been convicted for a first alcohol-related driving offense which is a misdemeanor or a county or city ordinance violation and which is not a conviction for driving a commercial motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol and who since such date has not been convicted of any other alcohol-related driving offense may apply to the court in which he or she pled guilty or was sentenced for an order to expunge from all official records all recordations of his or her arrest, plea, trial or conviction. If the court determines, after hearing, that such person has not been convicted of any subsequent alcohol-related driving offense, has no other subsequent alcohol-related enforcement contacts as defined in section 302.525, and has no other alcohol-related driving charges or alcohol-related enforcement actions pending at the time of the hearing on the application, the court shall enter an order of expungement. Upon granting of the order of expungement, the records and files maintained in any administrative or court proceeding in an associate or circuit division of the circuit court under this section shall be confidential and only available to the parties or by order of the court for good cause shown. The effect of such order shall be to restore such person to the status he or she occupied prior to such arrest, plea or conviction and as if such event had never taken place. No person as to whom such order has been entered shall be held thereafter under any provision of any law to be guilty of perjury or otherwise giving a false statement by reason of his or her failure to recite or acknowledge such arrest, plea, trial, conviction or expungement in response to any inquiry made of him or her for any purpose whatsoever and no such inquiry shall be made for information relating to an expungement under this section. A person shall only be entitled to one expungement pursuant to this section. Nothing contained in this section shall prevent the director from maintaining such records as to ensure that an individual receives only one expungement pursuant to this section for the purpose of informing the proper authorities of the contents of any record maintained pursuant to this section.

2. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any individual who has been issued a commercial driver's license or is required to possess a commercial driver's license issued by this state or any other state.

(L. 1989 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 3 2, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al., A.L. 2005 S.B. 422, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al.)

(2009) Section authorizes courts to expunge all records of a driver's administrative alcohol suspension and to make those records confidential. S.S. v. Mitchell, 289 S.W.3d 797 (Mo.App. E.D.).



Leaving the scene of a motor vehicle accident.

577.060. 1. A person commits the crime of leaving the scene of a motor vehicle accident when being the operator or driver of a vehicle on the highway or on any publicly or privately owned parking lot or parking facility generally open for use by the public and knowing that an injury has been caused to a person or damage has been caused to property, due to his culpability or to accident, he leaves the place of the injury, damage or accident without stopping and giving his name, residence, including city and street number, motor vehicle number and driver's license number, if any, to the injured party or to a police officer, or if no police officer is in the vicinity, then to the nearest police station or judicial officer.

2. For the purposes of this section, all peace officers shall have jurisdiction, when invited by an injured person, to enter the premises of any privately owned parking lot or parking facility for the purpose of investigating an accident and performing all necessary duties regarding such accident.

3. Leaving the scene of a motor vehicle accident is a class A misdemeanor, except that it shall be a class D felony if the accident resulted in:

(1) Physical injury to another party; or

(2) Property damage in excess of one thousand dollars; or

(3) If the defendant has previously pled guilty to or been found guilty of a violation of this section.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1983 H.B. 287, A.L. 1986 S.B. 450, A.L. 1989 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 3)

Effective 7-27-89



All-terrain vehicle, accident involving--required information, report of law enforcement officer, when--exceptions--penalty.

577.065. 1. Whenever any all-terrain vehicle is involved in an accident resulting in loss of life, personal injury or damage to property and the operator thereof has knowledge of such accident, he shall stop and give his name and address, the name and address of the owner thereof and the registration number of the all-terrain vehicle to the injured person or the person sustaining the damage or to a police officer. In case no police officer nor the person sustaining the damage is present at the place where the damage occurred, then the operator shall immediately report the accident, as soon as he is physically able, to the nearest law enforcement agency.

2. A law enforcement officer who investigates or receives information of an accident involving an all-terrain vehicle and also involving the loss of life or serious physical injury, as defined in section 556.061, shall make a written report of the investigation or information received, and such additional facts relating to the accident as may come to his knowledge, and mail the information to the department of public safety and keep a record thereof in his office.

3. This section does not apply when property damage is sustained in sanctioned all-terrain vehicle races, derbies and rallies.

4. Any person leaving the scene of an accident involving an all-terrain vehicle which results in a serious personal injury shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor, except that it shall be a class D felony if the accident resulted in death of another party or if defendant has previously pled guilty or been found guilty of a violation of this section.

(L. 1988 H.B. 990 4)

Effective 4-19-88



Leaving the scene of a shooting--limitation on arrest powers--penalty.

577.068. 1. A person commits the crime of leaving the scene of a shooting when, being in possession of a firearm or projectile weapon as defined in section 571.010, such person discharges such firearm or projectile weapon and causes injury or death to another person and such person, knowing that he has caused such injury or death, leaves the place of the shooting without giving his name, address, and driver's license number, if applicable, to a law enforcement officer. If no such officer is in the vicinity where the shooting occurs, the person must provide such information to the nearest police station or law enforcement officer. A person is not in violation of this section if he leaves the scene of a shooting in order to obtain medical assistance or contact law enforcement authorities to notify them of the shooting, so long as such person returns to the scene of the shooting or otherwise provides the information required by this section to a law enforcement officer within a reasonable time after the shooting.

2. All peace officers and reserve peace officers certified under the provisions of chapter 590 shall have authority to investigate shootings and arrest a person who violates subsection 1 of this section, except that conservation agents may enforce such provisions as to hunting related shootings. For the purpose of this section, a "hunting-related shooting" shall be defined as any shooting in which a person is injured as a result of hunting activity that involves the discharge of a hunting weapon.

3. Leaving the scene of a shooting is a class A misdemeanor, except that it is a class D felony if the person has previously pled guilty to or been found guilty of a violation of this section.

(L. 1999 S.B. 328, et al.)



Littering.

577.070. 1. A person commits the crime of littering if he throws or places, or causes to be thrown or placed, any glass, glass bottles, wire, nails, tacks, hedge, cans, garbage, trash, refuse, or rubbish of any kind, nature or description on the right-of-way of any public road or state highway or on or in any of the waters in this state or on the banks of any stream, or on any land or water owned, operated or leased by the state, any board, department, agency or commission thereof or on any land or water owned, operated or leased by the federal government or on any private real property owned by another without his consent.

2. Littering is a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60)

Effective 1-1-79



Solid waste, illegal disposal of, duty of prosecuting attorney.

577.071. The prosecutor of any county and the circuit attorney of any city not within a county shall investigate reports of violations of sections 260.211 and 260.212 and may, by information or indictment, institute a prosecution for any violation of sections 260.211 and 260.212.

(L. 1990 S.B. 530)



Littering waters, injuring plants or historical objects, or selling in state parks--penalty.

577.073. 1. It is unlawful for any person to throw waste paper, tin cans, bottles, rubbish of any kind, or contaminate in any manner, any spring, pool or stream within a state park, nor shall any person other than authorized personnel of the department of natural resources cut, prune, pick or deface or injure in any manner the flowers, trees, shrub or any other flora growing on the land or in the water of any state park.

2. No person shall be permitted to offer or advertise merchandise or other goods for sale or hire, or to maintain any concession, or use any park facilities, buildings, trails, roads or other state park property for commercial use except by written permission or concession contract with the department of natural resources; except that, the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the normal and customary use of public roads by commercial and noncommercial organizations for the purpose of transporting persons or vehicles, including, but not limited to, canoes.

3. No object of archaeological or historical value or interest within a state park may be removed, injured, disfigured, defaced or destroyed except by authorized personnel.

4. Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

(L. 1961 p. 332 1, 2, A.L. 2012 H.B. 1251 merged with S.B. 719)

Effective 7-10-12 (H.B. 1251)

7-12-12 (S.B. 719)

*Transferred 1978; formerly 560.473



Anhydrous ammonia, unlawful to release or to allow escape into atmosphere, penalty.

577.075. 1. It shall be unlawful for any person not the owner or not in lawful control of an approved container of anhydrous ammonia to release or allow the escape of anhydrous ammonia into the atmosphere.

2. Unlawful release of anhydrous ammonia is a class B felony, unless such release causes death of a human being or causes serious physical injury to any person in which case it is a class A felony.

(L. 2003 H.B. 470 merged with S.B. 39)



Littering with carcasses--penalty.

577.076. 1. If any person or persons shall put any dead animal, carcass or part thereof, the offal or any other filth into any well, spring, brook, branch, creek, pond, or lake, every person so offending shall, on conviction thereof, be fined not less than twenty-five nor more than five hundred dollars.

2. If any person shall remove, or cause to be removed and placed in or near any public road or highway, or upon premises not his own, or in any river, stream or watercourse any dead animal, carcass or part thereof, or other nuisance, to the annoyance of the citizens of this state, or any of them, every person so offending shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined for every offense not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than five hundred dollars, and if such nuisance be not removed within three days thereafter, it shall be deemed a second offense against the provisions of this section.

(RSMo 1939 4729, A.L. 1971 H.B. 72, A.L. 1972 S.B. 457)

Prior revisions: 1929 4339; 1919 3587; 1909 4795

*Transferred 1978; formerly 564.010



Abandoning motor vehicle--last owner of record deemed the owner of abandoned motor vehicle, procedures--penalty--civil liability.

577.080. 1. A person commits the crime of abandoning a motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer if he abandons any motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer on the right-of-way of any public road or state highway or on or in any of the waters in this state or on the banks of any stream, or on any land or water owned, operated or leased by the state, any board, department, agency or commission thereof, or any political subdivision thereof or on any land or water owned, operated or leased by the federal government or on any private real property owned by another without his consent.

2. For purposes of this section, the last owner of record of a motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer found abandoned and not shown to be transferred pursuant to sections 301.196 and 301.197 shall be deemed prima facie to have been the owner of such motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer at the time it was abandoned and to have been the person who abandoned the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer or caused or procured its abandonment. The registered owner of the abandoned motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer shall not be subject to the penalties provided by this section if the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer was in the care, custody, or control of another person at the time of the violation. In such instance, the owner shall submit such evidence in an affidavit permitted by the court setting forth the name, address, and other pertinent information of the person who leased, rented, or otherwise had care, custody, or control of the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer at the time of the alleged violation. The affidavit submitted pursuant to this subsection shall be admissible in a court proceeding adjudicating the alleged violation and shall raise a rebuttable presumption that the person identified in the affidavit was in actual control of the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer. In such case, the court has the authority to terminate the prosecution of the summons issued to the owner and issue a summons to the person identified in the affidavit as the operator. If the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer is alleged to have been stolen, the owner of the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer shall submit proof that a police report was filed in a timely manner indicating that the vehicle or vessel was stolen at the time of the alleged violation.

3. Abandoning a motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer is a class A misdemeanor.

4. Any person convicted pursuant to this section shall be civilly liable for all reasonable towing, storage, and administrative costs associated with the abandonment of the motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer. Any reasonable towing, storage, and administrative costs in excess of the value of the abandoned motor vehicle, vessel, or trailer that exist at the time the motor vehicle or vessel is transferred pursuant to section 304.156 shall remain the liability of the person convicted pursuant to this section so long as the towing company, as defined in chapter 304, provided the title owner and lienholders, as ascertained by the department of revenue records, a notice within the time frame and in the form as described in subsection 1 of section 304.156.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1233, et al., A.L. 2008 H.B. 1715)



Powers of law enforcement officers--limited powers of conservation agents.

577.090. Any law enforcement officer shall and any agent of the conservation commission or deputy or member of the highway patrol, water patrol division, may enforce the provisions of sections 577.070 and 577.080 and arrest violators thereof; except that conservation agents may enforce such provisions only upon the water, the banks thereof or upon public land.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1989 S.B. 135, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1868)



Abandonment of airtight or semi-airtight containers.

577.100. 1. A person commits the crime of abandonment of airtight icebox if he abandons, discards, or knowingly permits to remain on premises under his control, in a place accessible to children, any abandoned or discarded icebox, refrigerator, or other airtight or semiairtight container which has a capacity of one and one-half cubic feet or more and an opening of fifty square inches or more and which has a door or lid equipped with hinge, latch or other fastening device capable of securing such door or lid, without rendering such equipment harmless to human life by removing such hinges, latches or other hardware which may cause a person to be confined therein.

2. Subsection 1 of this section does not apply to an icebox, refrigerator or other airtight or semiairtight container located in that part of a building occupied by a dealer, warehouseman or repairman.

3. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue under subsection 2 of this section.

4. Abandonment of an airtight icebox is a class B misdemeanor.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60)

Effective 1-1-79



Telephone calls on party lines during emergencies--priority--penalty.

577.105. 1. "Party line", as used in this section, means a subscriber's line telephone circuit, consisting of two or more main telephone stations connected therewith, each station with a distinctive ring or telephone number. "Emergency", as used in this section, means a situation in which property or human life are in jeopardy and the prompt summoning of aid is essential.

2. Any person who willfully refuses to immediately relinquish a party line when informed that the line is needed for an emergency call to a fire department or law enforcement official or for medical aid or ambulance service, or any person who secures the use of a party line by falsely stating that the line is needed for an emergency call, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

3. Every telephone directory hereafter distributed to the members of the general public in this state or in any portion thereof which lists the calling numbers of telephones of any telephone exchange located in this state shall contain a notice which explains the offense provided for in this section, the notice to be preceded by the word "warning"; provided, that the provisions of this section shall not apply to those directories distributed solely for business advertising purposes, commonly known as classified directories, nor to any telephone directory heretofore distributed to the general public. Any person, firm or corporation providing telephone service which distributes or causes to be distributed in the state copies of a telephone directory which is subject to the provisions of this section and which do not contain the notice herein provided for is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(L. 1963 p. 682 1, 2, 3)

*Transferred 1978; formerly 560.313



Person operating vehicle while under sixteen years of age--penalty.

577.110. No person under the age of sixteen years shall operate a motor vehicle on the highways of this state. Any person who violates this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

(RSMo 1939 8401, 8404, A. 1949 H.B. 2162, A.L. 1955 p. 504)

Prior revision: 1929 7783, 7786

*Transferred 1978; formerly 564.470



Corrupting or diverting water supply--penalty.

577.150. Whoever willfully or maliciously poisons, defiles or in any way corrupts the water of a well, spring, brook or reservoir used for domestic or municipal purposes, or whoever willfully or maliciously diverts, dams up and holds back from its natural course and flow any spring, brook or other water supply for domestic or municipal purposes, after said water supply shall have once been taken for use by any person or persons, corporation, town or city for their use, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and punished by a fine not less than fifty nor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, and shall be liable to the party injured for three times the actual damage sustained, to be recovered by suit at law.

(RSMo 1939 4730)

Prior revisions: 1929 4340; 1919 3588; 1909 4796

*Transferred 1978; formerly 564.020



Waste disposal wells prohibited--term defined--permitted acts--penalty.

577.155. 1. No person, firm, corporation or political subdivision shall construct or use any waste disposal well located in this state.

2. As used in this section, "waste disposal well" shall mean any subsurface void porous formation or cavity, natural or artificial, used for the disposal of liquid or semi-aqueous waste except as excluded in subsection 3 of this section.

3. "Waste disposal well" shall not include:

(1) Sanitary landfills or surface mining pits used for the disposal of nonputrescible solid wastes as defined in section 64.460;

(2) Cesspools used solely for disposal of waste from private residences; or

(3) Septic tanks used solely for disposal of waste.

4. It shall not be a violation of this section to:

(1) Inject or return fluids into subsurface formations in connection with oil or gas operations regulated by the state oil and gas council pursuant to chapter 259;

(2) Inject or return water into subsurface formations pursuant to chapter 644 and section 192.020 in connection with the following instances:

(a) Any groundwater heat pump injection/withdrawal well that is limited to a single family residence;

(b) Any groundwater heat pump injection/withdrawal well that is limited to eight or less single family residences as long as the combined injection/withdrawal rate is less than six hundred thousand British Thermal Units per hour;

(c) All other uses of groundwater heat pump injection/withdrawal wells shall be subject to a permitting procedure as established and regulated by the clean water commission; or

(3) Backfill cavities as an integral part of the mining operation with aggregate or other material obtained from that operation to either reduce accumulation of waste on the surface or to provide additional ground support in the mined-out areas or to inundate such cavities with water devoid of toxic liquid wastes, but the person, firm, or corporation who so backfills may not do so without the consent of the owner of the property to be backfilled.

5. Any person, firm, or corporation who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished as provided by law. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.

(L. 1971 H.B. 189 1 to 5, A.L. 1976 S.B. 851, A.L. 1980 H.B. 1614)

*Transferred 1978; formerly 564.025



Swimming pools, use of life jackets, definitions.

577.160. 1. As used in sections 577.160 and 577.161, the following words mean:

(1) "Swimming pool", any artificial basin of water which is modified, improved, constructed or installed for the purpose of public swimming, and includes: pools for community use, pools at apartments, condominiums, and other groups of associations having five or more living units, clubs, churches, camps, schools, institutions, Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A. parks, recreational areas, motels, hotels and other commercial establishments. It does not include pools at private residences intended only for the use of the owner or guests;

(2) "Person", any individual, group of individuals, association, trust, partnership, corporation, person doing business under an assumed name, county, municipality, the state of Missouri, or any political subdivision or department thereof, or any other entity;

(3) "Life jacket", a life jacket, life vest or any other flotation device designed to be worn about the body to assist in maintaining buoyancy in water.

(L. 1987 S.B. 100 1)



Life jackets, refusal to allow disabled persons to wear in certain swimming pools, penalty.

577.161. 1. No person shall prohibit the use of a life jacket in a swimming pool by any individual who, as evidenced by a statement signed by a licensed physician, suffers from a physical disability or condition which necessitates the use of such life jacket.

2. Any person violating subsection 1 of this section shall be guilty of a class C misdemeanor.

(L. 1987 S.B. 100 2, 3)



Definitions.

577.201. As used in this section and section 577.203, "flight crew member" shall include the pilot in command, copilots, flight engineers and flight navigators.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 8 subsec. 2)



Unlawful for flight crew members to be under influence of alcohol or drugs while operating or acting as flight crew, penalties.

577.203. 1. It is unlawful for any person to operate, or act as a flight crew member of, any aircraft in this state:

(1) While under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance, or any combination thereof;

(2) With four one-hundredths of one percent or more by weight of alcohol in his blood; or

(3) Within eight hours after the consumption of any alcoholic beverage.

2. Any person found guilty of violating this section and section 577.201 shall have committed a class C misdemeanor.

3. Any person found guilty a second or subsequent time of violating this section and section 577.201 shall have committed a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 8 subsecs. 1, 3, 4)



Flight crew members, implied consent to chemical tests--implied consent limited to two tests for same incident.

577.206. 1. Any person who operates, or acts as a flight crew member of, any aircraft in this state is deemed to have given his or her consent to chemical testing of his or her blood, breath, or urine for the purpose of determining the alcohol or drug content of the blood. The consent shall be deemed only if the person is detained for any offense allegedly committed in violation of sections 577.201 and 577.203 or if any officer requests chemical testing as part of an investigation of a suspected violation of state or local law. The test shall be administered at the direction of the law enforcement officer.

2. The implied consent to submit to the chemical tests shall be limited to not more than two such tests arising from the same incident.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 9 subsecs. 1, 2)



Valid test requirements--test results to be furnished to person tested on request--no liability for person administering test, exceptions.

577.208. 1. Chemical tests of the person's breath, blood, or urine to be considered valid shall be performed according to methods and devices approved by the state department of health and senior services and shall be performed by licensed medical personnel or by a person possessing a valid permit issued by the state department of health and senior services for this purpose. A blood test shall not be performed if the medical personnel, in good faith medical judgment, believe such procedure would endanger the health of the person in custody.

2. Upon request of the person tested, full information concerning the test shall be made available to him.

3. No person administering a chemical test under this section and sections 577.206, 577.211 and 577.214, or any other person, firm or corporation with whom he is associated, shall be civilly liable for damages to the person tested except for negligence or by willful or wanton act or omission.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 9 subsecs. 3, 4, 5)



Dead or unconscious persons, chemical test may be administered.

577.211. Any person who is dead, unconscious, or otherwise incapable of refusing to take a test shall be deemed to not have withdrawn the consent, and the chemical test may be administered.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 9 subsec. 6)



Chemical tests admissible as evidence.

577.214. The provisions of section 491.060 shall not prevent the admissibility of evidence of any chemical analysis performed under this section and sections 577.206, 577.208 and 577.211. In any criminal prosecution for the violation of sections 577.201 and 577.203, the results of any properly performed chemical test of the defendant's blood, breath or urine shall be admissible as evidence.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 9 subsec. 7)



Refusal to submit to test, effect, penalties.

577.217. If a person refuses upon the request of the officer to submit to a chemical test, then no test shall be given. Any refusal to submit to a test shall be an infraction which may be punished by a fine of up to one thousand dollars. The officer shall inform the person that his or her failure to submit to the test may result in a fine and administrative penalties by the Federal Aviation Administration.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 10 subsec. 1)



Positive test results, test refusals and convictions of violations to be reported to the Federal Aviation Administration.

577.221. All positive test results and test refusals shall be reported by law enforcement agencies to the Federal Aviation Administration. If a person pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation of sections 577.201 and 577.203, a report of the conviction shall be forwarded by the court in which the conviction occurred to the Federal Aviation Administration.

(L. 1993 H.B. 562 10 subsec. 2)



Suspension or revocation of driving privileges, persons under twenty-one years of age--violation of certain laws--surrender of licenses--court to forward to director of revenue--period of suspension.

577.500. 1. A court of competent jurisdiction shall, upon a plea of guilty, conviction or finding of guilt, or, if the court is a juvenile court, upon a finding of fact that the offense was committed by a juvenile, enter an order suspending or revoking the driving privileges of any person determined to have committed one of the following offenses and who, at the time said offense was committed, was under twenty-one years of age:

(1) Any alcohol-related traffic offense in violation of state law or a county or, beginning July 1, 1992, municipal ordinance, where the defendant was represented by or waived the right to an attorney in writing;

(2) Any offense in violation of state law or, beginning July 1, 1992, a county or municipal ordinance, where the defendant was represented by or waived the right to an attorney in writing, involving the possession or use of alcohol, committed while operating a motor vehicle;

(3) Any offense involving the possession or use of a controlled substance as defined in chapter 195 in violation of the state law or, beginning July 1, 1992, a county or municipal ordinance, where the defendant was represented by or waived the right to an attorney in writing;

(4) Any offense involving the alteration, modification or misrepresentation of a license to operate a motor vehicle in violation of section 311.328;

(5) Any offense in violation of state law or, beginning July 1, 1992, a county or municipal ordinance, where the defendant was represented by or waived the right to an attorney in writing, involving the possession or use of alcohol for a second time; except that a determination of guilt or its equivalent shall have been made for the first offense and both offenses shall have been committed by the person when the person was under eighteen years of age.

2. A court of competent jurisdiction shall, upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, conviction or finding of guilt, or, if the court is a juvenile court, upon a finding of fact that the offense was committed by a juvenile, enter an order suspending or revoking the driving privileges of any person determined to have committed a crime or violation of section 311.325 and who, at the time said crime or violation was committed, was more than fifteen years of age and under twenty-one years of age.

3. The court shall require the surrender to it of any license to operate a motor vehicle, temporary instruction permit, intermediate driver's license or any other driving privilege then held by any person against whom a court has entered an order suspending or revoking driving privileges under subsections 1 and 2 of this section.

4. The court, if other than a juvenile court, shall forward to the director of revenue the order of suspension or revocation of driving privileges and any licenses, temporary instruction permits, intermediate driver's licenses, or any other driving privilege acquired under subsection 3 of this section.

5. (1) The court, if a juvenile court, shall forward to the director of revenue the order of suspension or revocation of driving privileges and any licenses, temporary instruction permits, intermediate driver's licenses, or any other driving privilege acquired under subsection 3 of this section for any person sixteen years of age or older, the provision of chapter 211 to the contrary notwithstanding.

(2) The court, if a juvenile court, shall hold the order of suspension or revocation of driving privileges for any person less than sixteen years of age until thirty days before the person's sixteenth birthday, at which time the juvenile court shall forward to the director of revenue the order of suspension or revocation of driving privileges, the provision of chapter 211 to the contrary notwithstanding.

6. The period of suspension for a first offense under subsection 1 of this section shall be ninety days. Any second or subsequent offense under subsection 1 of this section shall result in revocation of the offender's driving privileges for one year. The period of suspension for a first offense under subsection 2 of this section shall be thirty days. The period of suspension for a second offense under subsection 2 of this section shall be ninety days. Any third or subsequent offense under subsection 2 of this section shall result in revocation of the offender's driving privileges for one year.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 1, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353 merged with S.B. 37, et al. merged with S.B. 402)



Revocation of driving privileges, persons over twenty-one years of age--possession or use of drug in motor vehicle--surrender of licenses--court shall forward order to department of revenue.

577.505. A court of competent jurisdiction shall enter an order revoking the driving privileges of any person determined to have violated any state, county, or municipal law involving the possession or use of a controlled substance, as defined in chapter 195, while operating a motor vehicle and who, at the time said offense was committed, was twenty-one years of age or older when the person pleads guilty, or is convicted or found guilty of such offense by the court. The court shall require the surrender to it of all operator's and chauffeur's licenses then held by such person. The court shall forward to the director of revenue the order of revocation of driving privileges and any licenses surrendered.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 2)

Effective 12-1-87



Director of revenue to suspend or revoke license, when--hardship driving privileges may be granted, procedure--temporary instruction permits allowed, when.

577.510. 1. Upon receipt of a court order suspending or revoking the driving privileges of a person pursuant to sections 577.500 and 577.505, the director of revenue shall suspend the driving privileges for ninety days or revoke the driving privileges of such person for a period of one year, provided however, that in the case of a person who at the time of the offense was less than sixteen years of age, the period of suspension or revocation shall commence on that person's sixteenth birthday. The provisions of chapter 302 to the contrary notwithstanding, the suspension or revocation shall be imposed without further hearing. Any person whose driving privileges have been suspended or revoked pursuant to sections 577.500 and 577.505 may petition the circuit court for a hardship driving privilege and said application shall be determined and administered in the same manner as allowed in section 302.309.

2. The director of revenue shall permit the issuance of a temporary instruction permit in the same manner as allowed in subsection 2 of section 302.130 to persons fifteen years of age and under seventeen years of age denied driving privileges by court order pursuant to section 577.500. This exception only applies to instruction permits that entitle a person to operate a motor vehicle on the highways in the presence of an authorized instructor.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 3, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341)

Effective 6-20-91



Failure to surrender licenses, certain law enforcement officer may seize.

577.515. If a person shall neglect or refuse to surrender all operator's and chauffeur's licenses, as provided for in sections 577.500 and 577.505, the director shall direct the state highway patrol or any peace or police officer to secure possession thereof and return such license or licenses to the director.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 4)

Effective 12-1-87



License reinstatement, substance abuse traffic offender program--professional assessment--supplemental fee, disposition, failure to remit, penalty.

577.520. 1. No person who has had his license suspended or revoked under the provisions of sections 577.500 and 577.505 shall have that license reinstated until he has paid a twenty-dollar reinstatement fee and has successfully completed a substance abuse traffic offender program as defined in section 577.001.

2. The fees for the substance abuse traffic offender program, or a portion thereof to be determined by the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health, shall be paid by the person enrolled in the program. Any person who is enrolled in the program shall pay, in addition to any fee charged for the program, a supplemental fee to be determined by the department of mental health for the purposes of funding the substance abuse traffic offender program defined in section 302.010 and section 577.001, or a program determined to be comparable by the department of mental health. The administrator of the program shall remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health on or before the fifteenth of each month the supplemental fees for all persons enrolled in the program, less two percent for administrative costs. Interest shall be charged on any unpaid balance of the supplemental fees due the division of alcohol and drug abuse pursuant to this section and shall accrue at a rate not to exceed the annual rates established pursuant to the provisions of section 32.065 plus three percentage points. The supplemental fees and any interest received by the department of mental health pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the mental health earnings fund which is created in section 630.053.

3. Any administrator who fails to remit to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health the supplemental fees and interest for all persons enrolled in the program pursuant to this section shall be subject to a penalty equal to the amount of interest accrued on the supplemental fees due the division pursuant to this section. If the supplemental fees, interest, and penalties are not remitted to the division of alcohol and drug abuse of the department of mental health within six months of the due date, the attorney general of the state of Missouri shall initiate appropriate action of the collection of said fees and interest accrued. The court shall assess attorney fees and court costs against any delinquent program.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 5, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 1993 S.B. 167, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2003 H.B. 600)

Effective 7-01-03



Completion of substance abuse traffic offender program, persons under twenty-one years of age, required, when, standards by department of mental health.

577.525. Any court which has jurisdiction over violations of state, county or municipal laws shall enter an order, in addition to other orders authorized by law, requiring the completion of a substance abuse traffic offender program as defined in section 577.001, as a part of the judgment entered in the case, for any person determined to have violated a state, county, or municipal law involving the possession or use of alcohol and who at the time of said offense was under twenty-one years of age when the court, if a juvenile court, finds that the offense was committed by such person or, if a city, county, or state court, when the person pleads guilty, or is found guilty of such offense by the court.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 6, A.L. 1991 S.B. 125 & 341, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722)



Department of revenue--rules and regulations.

577.530. The director of revenue shall have authority to make such rules and regulations as he deems necessary for the administration of sections 577.500 to 577.525. No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority of sections 577.500 to 577.530 shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.

(L. 1987 S.B. 230 7, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3)



Court may require ignition interlock device, when, compliance--use of other vehicle--penalty.

577.600. 1. In addition to any other provisions of law, a court may require that any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to a first intoxication-related traffic offense, as defined in section 577.023, and a court shall require that any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to a second or subsequent intoxication-related traffic offense, as defined in section 577.023, shall not operate any motor vehicle unless that vehicle is equipped with a functioning, certified ignition interlock device for a period of not less than six months from the date of reinstatement of the person's driver's license. In addition, any court authorized to grant a limited driving privilege under section 302.309 to any person who is found guilty of or pleads guilty to a second or subsequent intoxication-related traffic offense shall require the use of an ignition interlock device on all vehicles operated by the person as a required condition of the limited driving privilege. These requirements shall be in addition to any other provisions of this chapter or chapter 302 requiring installation and maintenance of an ignition interlock device. Any person required to use an ignition interlock device, either under the provisions of this chapter or chapter 302, shall comply with such requirement subject to the penalties provided by this section.

2. No person shall knowingly rent, lease or lend a motor vehicle to a person known to have had that person's driving privilege restricted as provided in subsection 1 of this section, unless the vehicle is equipped with a functioning, certified ignition interlock device. Any person whose driving privilege is restricted as provided in subsection 1 of this section shall notify any other person who rents, leases or loans a motor vehicle to that person of the driving restriction imposed pursuant to this section.

3. Any person convicted of a violation of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 1, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2008 S.B. 930 & 947)

Effective 7-01-09



Cost of interlock device may reduce amount of fine--vehicles affected--proof of compliance, when, report--maintenance cost--calibration checks.

577.602. 1. If a court imposes a fine and requires the use of an ignition interlock device for the same offense, the amount of the fine may be reduced by the cost of the ignition interlock device.

2. If the court requires the use of an ignition interlock device, it shall order the installation of the device on any vehicle which the offender operates during the period of probation or limited driving privilege.

3. If the court imposes the use of an ignition interlock device on a person having full or limited driving privileges, the court shall require the person to provide proof of compliance with the order to the court or the probation officer within thirty days of this court's order or sooner, as required by the court, in addition to any proof required to be filed with the director of revenue under the provisions of this chapter or chapter 302. If the person fails to provide proof of installation within that period, absent a finding by the court of good cause for that failure which is entered in the court record, the court shall revoke or terminate the person's probation or limited driving privilege.

4. Nothing in sections 577.600 to 577.614 shall be construed to authorize a person to operate a motor vehicle whose driving privileges have been suspended or revoked, unless the person has obtained a limited driving privilege or restricted driving privilege under other provisions of law.

5. The person whose driving privilege is restricted pursuant to section 577.600 shall report to the court or the probation officer at least once annually, or more frequently as the court may order, on the operation of each ignition interlock device in the person's vehicle or vehicles. Such person shall be responsible for the cost and maintenance of the ignition interlock device. If such device is broken, destroyed or stolen, such person shall also be liable for the cost of replacement of the device.

6. The court may require a person whose driving privilege is restricted under section 577.600 to report to any officer appointed by the court in lieu of a probation officer.

7. The court shall require periodic calibration checks that are needed for the proper operation of the ignition interlock device.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 2, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38, A.L. 2008 S.B. 930 & 947)

Effective 7-01-09



Use of device shall be required, when.

577.604. The court shall require the use of a certified ignition interlock device during the period of probation if the person is permitted to operate a motor vehicle, whether the privilege to operate a motor vehicle is restricted or not, as determined by the court.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 3)



Court shall send order to department of revenue--record keeping required.

577.606. The court shall send the order to the department of revenue in all cases where the driving privilege of a person is restricted pursuant to section 577.600. The order shall contain the requirement for, and the period of, the use of a certified ignition interlock device under sections 577.600 to 577.614. The records of the department of revenue shall contain a record reflecting mandatory use of the device.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 4)



Department of public safety to certify devices, adopt guidelines--certification information, standards--consultation before certification.

577.608. 1. The department of public safety shall certify or cause to be certified ignition interlock devices required by sections 577.600 to 577.614 and publish a list of approved devices.

2. The department of public safety shall adopt guidelines for the proper use of the ignition interlock devices in full compliance with sections 577.600 to 577.614.

3. The department of public safety shall use information from an independent agency to certify ignition interlock devices on or off the premises of the manufacturer in accordance with the guidelines. The cost of certification shall be borne by the manufacturers of interlock ignition devices. In certifying the devices, those which do not impede the safe operation of the vehicle and which have the fewest opportunities to be bypassed so as to render the provisions of sections 577.600 to 577.614 ineffective shall be certified.

4. No model of ignition interlock device shall be certified unless it meets the accuracy requirements specified by the guidelines of the department of public safety.

5. Before certifying any device, the department of public safety shall consult with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regarding the use of ignition interlock devices.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 5)



Manufacturer warning required.

577.610. The manufacturer shall affix to each ignition interlock device a label which shall contain a warning that any person tampering, circumventing or otherwise misusing the device is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 6)



Circumvention of operation--prohibited activities--penalty.

577.612. 1. It is unlawful for any person whose driving privilege is restricted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or chapter 302 to request or solicit any other person to blow into an ignition interlock device or to start a motor vehicle equipped with the device for the purpose of providing the person so restricted with an operable motor vehicle.

2. It is unlawful to blow into an ignition interlock device or to start a motor vehicle equipped with the device for the purpose of providing an operable motor vehicle to a person whose driving privilege is restricted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or chapter 302.

3. It is unlawful to tamper with, or circumvent the operation of, an ignition interlock device.

4. Any person who violates any provision of this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 7, A.L. 2008 S.B. 930 & 947)

Effective 7-01-09



Revocation, automatic, period--notification to department--reinstatement fee--limitation.

577.614. 1. In addition to any other provisions of law, upon a finding of guilty of, or a plea of guilty to, a violation of subsection 1 of section 577.600, the department of revenue shall revoke the person's driving privilege for one year from the date of conviction.

2. In addition to any other provision of law, if a person is found guilty of, or pleads guilty to, a second violation of subsection 1 of section 577.600 during the same period of required use of an approved ignition interlock device, the department of revenue shall revoke the person's driving privilege for five years from the date of conviction.

3. The court shall notify the department of revenue of all guilty findings and pleas pursuant to subsection 1 of section 577.600.

4. The department of revenue shall charge a reinstatement fee as required by section 302.304 prior to the reinstatement of any driving privilege suspended or revoked pursuant to this section.

5. No restricted or limited driving privilege shall be issued for any person whose license is revoked pursuant to this section.

(L. 1995 S.B. 102 8, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722)



Distribution of prescription medication on public or private school property--exceptions--violations, penalty.

577.625. 1. No person less than twenty-one years of age shall distribute upon the real property comprising a public or private elementary or secondary school or school bus a prescription medication to any individual who does not have a valid prescription for such medication. For purposes of this section, prescription medication shall not include medication containing a controlled substance, as defined in section 195.010.

2. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person authorized to distribute a prescription medication by any school personnel who are responsible for storing, maintaining, or dispensing any prescription medication under chapter 338. This section shall not limit the use of any prescription medication by emergency personnel, as defined in section 565.081, during an emergency situation.

3. Any person less than twenty-one years of age who violates this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a first offense and a class A misdemeanor for any second or subsequent offense.

(L. 2005 H.B. 353 and S.B. 254, A.L. 2005 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 2)

Effective 9-15-05



Possession of prescription medication on public or private school property--exceptions--violations, penalty.

577.628. 1. No person less than twenty-one years of age shall possess upon the real property comprising a public or private elementary or secondary school or school bus prescription medication without a valid prescription for such medication. For purposes of this section, prescription medication shall not include medication containing a controlled substance, as defined in section 195.010.

2. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person authorized to possess a prescription medication by any school personnel who are responsible for storing, maintaining, or dispensing any prescription medication under chapter 338. This section shall not limit the use of any prescription medication by emergency personnel, as defined in section 565.081, during an emergency situation.

3. Any person less than twenty-one years of age who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor for a first offense and a class B misdemeanor for any second or subsequent offense.

(L. 2005 H.B. 353 and S.B. 254, A.L. 2005 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 2)

Effective 9-15-05



Transport of illegal aliens unlawful--violations, penalty.

577.675. 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly transport, move, or attempt to transport in the state of Missouri any illegal alien who is not lawfully present in the United States, according to the terms of 8 U.S.C. Section 1101, et seq., for the purposes of trafficking in violation of sections 566.200 to 566.215, drug trafficking in violation of sections 195.222 and* 195.223, prostitution in violation of chapter 567, or employment.

2. Any person violating the provisions of subsection 1 of this section shall be guilty of a felony for which the authorized term of imprisonment is a term of years not less than one year, or by a fine in an amount not less than one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

3. Nothing in this section shall be construed to deny any victim of an offense under sections 566.200 to 566.215 of rights afforded by the federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Public Law 106-386, as amended.

(L. 2008 H.B. 1549, et al. 577.722)

*Word "to" appears in original rolls.



Persons confined to jail, verification of lawful immigration status required.

577.680. 1. If verification of the nationality or lawful immigration status of any person who is charged and confined to jail for any period of time cannot be made from documents in the possession of the prisoner or after a reasonable effort on the part of the arresting agency to determine the nationality or immigration status of the person so confined, verification shall be made by the arresting agency within forty-eight hours through a query to the Law Enforcement Support Center (LESC) of the United States Department of Homeland Security or other office or agency designated for that purpose by the United States Department of Homeland Security. If it is determined that the prisoner is in the United States unlawfully, the arresting agency shall notify the United States Department of Homeland Security. Until August 28, 2009, this section shall only apply to officers employed by the department of public safety to include: the highway patrol, water patrol, capitol police, fire marshal's office, and division of alcohol and tobacco control.

2. Nothing in this section shall be construed to deny any person bond or prevent a person from being released from confinement if such person is otherwise eligible for release.

(L. 2008 H.B. 1549, et al. 577.900)

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